Alan Joseph Shatter (born 14 February 1951) is a former Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Minister for Justice and Equality and Minister for Defence from 2011 to 2014. He was a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin South constituency from 1981 to 2002, again from 2007 to 2016.
Shatter in 2011
|Minister for Justice and Equality|
9 March 2011 – 7 May 2014
|Preceded by||Brendan Smith (Justice and Law Reform)|
|Succeeded by||Frances Fitzgerald|
|Minister for Defence|
9 March 2011 – 7 May 2014
|Preceded by||Éamon Ó Cuív|
|Succeeded by||Enda Kenny (acting)|
May 2007 – February 2016
June 1981 – May 2002
Alan Joseph Shatter
14 February 1951
Rathgar, Dublin, Ireland
|Political party||Fine Gael|
|Spouse(s)||Carol Ann Danker (m. 1982)|
|Education||The High School, Dublin|
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Dublin|
Born in Dublin to a Jewish family, Shatter is the son of Elaine and Reuben Shatter, a British couple who met by chance when they were both on holidays in Ireland in 1947. He was educated at The High School, Dublin and Trinity College, Dublin. In his late teens he worked for two months in Israel on a kibbutz 
Shatter has lived most of his life in Dublin — he grew up in Rathgar and Rathfarnham and lives now in Ballinteer with his wife, Carol Ann (Danker) Shatter. He has two adult children. He was the only Jewish member of Dáil Éireann during his last term.
Shatter was a partner in the Dublin law firm Gallagher Shatter (1977-2011). He is the author of major academic works on Irish family law (1977, 1981, 1986 and 1997), the satirical book Family Planning Irish Style (1979), and the novel Laura (1989). In September 2017 his most recent book " Life is a Funny Business" was published by Poolbeg Press. He is a former chairperson of FLAC (the Free Legal Advice Centres), a former chairperson of CARE, an organisation that campaigned for child care and children's legislation reform in the 1970s and a former President of the Irish Council Against Blood Sports. With interests in fifteen properties, Shatter had the largest property portfolio of any member of Ireland's cabinet while a cabinet minister (2011-2014).
Dáil Éireann: 1981–2002, 2007–2016Edit
Shatter was first elected to the Dáil at the 1981 general election, and was re-elected at each subsequent election until he lost his seat at the 2002 general election. He was re-elected at the 2007 general election. Shatter was a member of Dublin County Council from 1979 to 1999 for the Rathfarnham area.
While in opposition, he published more Private member's bills than any other TD had done previously. His Judicial Separation and Family Law Reform Act 1979, radically reforming Irish family law, was the first piece of legislation enacted by an opposition TD for 35 years. His Adoption Act 1981 provided for the recognition for the first time of foreign adoptions in Ireland. Even prior to becoming a member of the Oireachtas, Shatter satirised some of the measures inherent within a 1979 Family Planning bill in the form of his nationally published booklet, "Family Planning – Irish Style".
During the 1980s Shatter successfully lobbied for the establishment of an Oireachtas Committee on Foreign Affairs. He was a member of the Committee from its foundation in 1992, apart from a brief period in 1993 to 1994, and its chairman from December 1996 to June 1997. He was also for many years a member of the Oireachtas (Parliamentary) Committee on Justice, Law Reform and Defence. He is a former member also of the Health and Children Committee and the Special Committee that considered the wording for a Children's Rights referendum. Shatter was the founder of the Ireland/Israel Parliamentary Friendship Group and acted as its chairperson for many years.
In 1983 Shatter was involved in controversy when he defied his governments whip to vote against the inclusion in the Irish constitution of an anti abortion provision. In 1998 he was the author of a major report published by the Health Committee which criticised tobacco companies and recommended various controls on smoking and tobacco advertising. In the years that followed most of the recommendations made were implemented by government.
During a period in 1993 to 1994 he was removed from the Foreign Affairs committee by party leader John Bruton as a disciplinary measure for breaking the party whip. This was occasioned by his voting in the Dáil in favour of a Bill to ban live hare coursing..
During his time in the Dáil, he has been a Fine Gael Front Bench spokesperson on Law Reform (1982, 1987–88); the Environment (1989–91); Labour (1991); Justice (1992–93); Equality and Law Reform (1993–94); Health and Children (1997–2000); Justice, Law Reform and Defence (2000–02); Children (2007–10); and Justice and Law Reform (2010–11).
During his time out of politics after losing his seat at the 2002 general election, he practised as a solicitor and was a partner of the firm Gallagher Shatter. Among his professional affiliations, he is a Fellow of the International Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers.
During the 2009 Gaza War, Sinn Féin TD Aengus Ó Snodaigh claimed that Shatter and the Israeli ambassador to Ireland had exposed the Oireachtas committee on Foreign Affairs to "propaganda, twisted logic and half truths". Ó Snodaigh also said that Joseph Goebbels, the Nazi propaganda minister, would have been proud of it. The Sinn Fein TD's attack on Shatter generated controversy, resulting in his being accused of anti-semitism. In February 2009, during a sitting of the Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs concerning the Gaza conflict, Shatter clashed verbally with Ilan Pappé, Professor of History at the University of Exeter, accusing Pappé of biased scholarship and historical inaccuracies.
Minister for Justice and Minister for Defence: 2011–2014Edit
On 9 March 2011, Shatter was appointed by the Taoiseach Enda Kenny as Minister with responsibility for two Irish Government Departments, the Department of Justice and Equality and the Department of Defence. Under Shatter's steerage, a substantial reform agenda was implemented with nearly 30 separate pieces of legislation published, many of which are now enacted including the Personal Involvency Act 2012, Criminal Justice Act 2011, DNA Database Act, and the Human Rights and Equality Commission Act. Under his guidance, major reforms were introduced in 2011 into Ireland's citizenship laws and a new Citizenship Ceremony was created. Amongst other things the legislation provided for future citizenship ceremonies and a new citizenship oath. During his time as Minister, 69,000 foreign nationals became Irish citizens. Shatter also took steps to facilitate an increased number of political refugees being accepted into Ireland and created a special scheme to facilitate relations of Syrian families already resident in Ireland who were either caught up in the civil war in Syria, or in refugee camps elsewhere as a result of the civil war in Syria, to join their families in Ireland.
Shatter had enacted through the Irish Parliament before the end of July 2011 important legislation to facilitate access to financial documentation and records held by third parties in investigations into banking scandals and white collar crime. The legislation was first utilised by the Gardai in September 2011.
In his role as Minister for Defence, Shatter implemented substantial reform in the Department of Defence and restructured the Irish Defence Forces. He is a strong supporter of the Irish Defence Forces participation in international peacekeeping and humanitarian engagements and is an expert on the Middle East. As a member of the Irish Parliament and as Minister he has, on many occasions, visited Irish troops participating in UN missions in the Middle East. Under his watch contracts were signed for the acquisition of 2 new naval vessels with an option to purchase a third. All three naval vessels are now part of the Irish naval service and have been actively engaged in recent years in rescuing from drowning refugees in the Mediterranean attempting to enter Europe. As Minister for Defence he enacted legislation to grant a pardon and an amnesty to members of the Irish defence forces who deserted during World War 2 to fight on the allied side against Nazi Germany and gave a state apology for their post war treatment by the Irish State..
During Ireland's Presidency of the Council of the European Union in 2013, he chaired the Council of Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) meetings and, in January 2013, in Dublin Castle, the meeting of EU Defence Ministers. Under his guidance, Ireland played a more active role than in the past in EU defence matters and in deepening Ireland's participation in NATO's partnership for peace. Under his guidance, during the course of the Irish Presidency, substantial progress was made at the European Union level in the adoption and development of new legislation and measures across a broad range of Justice and Home Affairs issues.
In June 2011 he apologised for "unfair and inaccurate" comments he made about RTÉ crime correspondent Paul Reynolds after saying he "consistently engages in tabloid sensationalism". When eight former attorneys general criticised the proposed Thirtieth Amendment of the Constitution on Oireachtas inquiries he described their views as "nonsense" and "simply wrong".
One of Shatter's first tasks as new Minister of Justice in 2011 was dealing with the scandals of child abuse involving the Catholic church. Shortly after taking office, the Cloyne report which had been commissioned by the previous government to investigate clerical sex abuse in the diocese of Cloyne, was released. In response to this report and several other sex abuse scandals, the Fine Gael–Labour government announced controversial plans to criminalise failure to report an allegation of child abuse. Seán Brady, the Catholic primate of all Ireland, condemned this as compromising the Seal of the Confessional. Shatter successfully steered the legislation through the parliament and it was enacted in 2012.
Following publication in 2012 of the report of then Independent Senator Martin McAleese into the Magdalene Laundries, which Shatter commissioned, he established with government agreement a financial scheme to compensate the survivors of the laundries and other supportive measures. A state apology for the survivors scandalous ill treatment by various religious orders was, as a result of Shatter's engagement with this long ignored issue, made in the Dail by the Taoiseach, Enda Kenny. The plight of the survivors of the laundries had been ignored for decades and there was widespread welcome for the government action taken.
During Shatter's time as Minister for Justice major reform of the Irish prison system occurred and greater co-operation between the prison and probation services was implemented. A prison modernisation programme was implemented and slopping out virtually ended. Mountjoy prison was refurbished to provide proper in cell sanitation and construction of a new Cork prison was commenced. He also had enacted legislation to require the courts to make greater use of community service orders for minor offences and to facilitate the payment of court imposed fines by instalment.
In September 2011 Shatter published the Legal Services Reform Bill to modernise the legal profession, introduce greater competition and tackle the problem of excessive legal costs. The Bill generated enormous opposition from both the barristers and solicitors professional bodies. It was welcomed by the Competition Authority and some other bodies, including the Troika to whom the Irish government was obliged to report as a result of the financial and banking collapse. Shatter engaged in an extensive consultative process on the Bill and it was substantially amended and improved as it went through the legislative process. Shatter refused to amend the provisions designed to reduce legal costs and increase competition and to enable barristers and solicitors work together jointly as court advocates and in partnerships. The barristers opposition to the bill remained strident whilst the solicitors became supportive of most of its provisions. The Bill still had to complete its enactment when Shatter resigned in May 2014. Following Shatters resignation his successor as Justice minister, Frances Fitzgerald, surrendered to the barristers lobby and watered down some of the provisions in the bill to reform and modernise the legal professions.
On 3 March 2012, a convicted Garda killer escaped from low security open detention centre Loughan House in County Cavan, and fled across the border into Northern Ireland. Shatter later apologised and said "it should not have occurred."
On the night of 18 March 2012 while Shatter was in Australia for St Patrick's week festivities there was a break-in at Shatter's home in Ballinteer, Dublin. The burglar was apprehended that evening by Gardai and subsequently convicted.
Shatter's proposal to cabinet in the autumn of 2013 that a referendum on marriage equality be held in the first half of 2015 was accepted and with cabinet agreement he published in February 2014 the draft Children and Family Relationships Bill to substantially reform and modernise various aspects of children and family law. The legislation which was an important prelude to the marriage equality referendum, was enacted shortly before the referendum was held in 2015. The legislation enacted substantially reflected the draft bill Shatter published, save that the government omitted provisions relating to surrogacy, announcing in September 2014 that the issue would be addressed in 2015 in legislation then promised by Minister for Health, Leo Varadkar. As at December 2017 no such legislation had been published.
Substantial court reform occurred during Shatter's time as Minister for Justice. As well as extending the jurisdictions of the courts for the first time in 20 years and increasing the maximum civil damages payable for the emotional distress of bereaved relations following a negligent death, he also successfully led a referendum campaign in 2013 to obtain the required public endorsement to amend the constitution and establish a civil appeal court. Just prior to his resignation from government the draft legislation to create the court was published and the court was established and sitting by October 2014. In 2011 Shatter also obtained substantial public support in a referendum held to reduce judicial pay in line with reductions in pay across the public sector resulting from Ireland's financial crises and banking collapse. There was considerable judicial opposition to the measure and allegations that the independence of the judiciary was being violated. Judicial salaries in Ireland at the time were considerably higher than comparable salaries in other European Union countries. There is no evidence of any nature that implementation of the salary reduction impacted on the independence of the Irish judiciary.
In November and December 2012 controversy arose as a result of some independent TDs alleging Gardai had unlawfully cancelled road traffic tickets and penalty points and naming individuals in the Dail who it was alleged had broken the law. Shatter stated that caution should be exercised in assuming all the allegations made were accurate pending the completion of an investigation, expressed concern about individuals being so named and promised to publish the investigation report. In December 2012 he also stated that if following completion of the investigation he had any remaining concerns he would refer the issue to the independent Garda Inspectorate. In May 2013 he published two Garda reports. They established that in approx 2.5% of cases examined there had been a failure to properly comply with Garda procedures and recommended the introduction of reforms. Shatter described some of the decisions made cancelling penalty points as " exotic" and defying common sense, published a code of practice to apply in the future and requested an independent report from the Garda Inspectorate. It was published 9 months later, proposed further reforms and endorsed Shatter's code of practice. In March 2014 Shatter announced the governments agreement to implement all of the recommended reforms. When publishing the May 2013 Reports Shatter acknowledged the role played by a Garda whistle blower in identifying Garda failures while expressing concern about some inaccurate allegations made that had been widely publicised and fuelled some of the political and media controversy relating to the issue, including an inaccurate allegation that 7 individuals had died in traffic accidents because of the cancellation of penalty points. In the Dail in October 2013 he criticised a whistleblower for not co-operating with the original Garda investigation into his allegations. This generated further controversy and criticism of Shatter by his political opponents. Following publication of the Garda Inspectorates report he apologised to the whistleblower in the Dail, explaining he understood the whistleblower had co-operated with the Inspectorate and that he now believed the Gardai should have done more to engage with him prior to May 2013. During hearings of the Disclosures Tribunal in 2018 it emerged from evidence given by Shatter and Garda Assistant Cmsnr O’ Mahony that the whistleblower, Maurice McCabe, had requested anonymity when alleging Garda failures, that request had been respected and it was the reason why he had not been interviewed during the Garda investigation into his allegations relating to traffic charges and penalty points.
GSOC bugging affairEdit
In February 2014, the Irish edition of The Sunday Times' ran a series of stories claiming that the offices of the Garda Síochána Ombudsman Commission (GSOC) had been bugged with a variety of highly sophisticated bugging equipment available only to government-level actors. GSOC's sole responsibility is to investigate wrongdoing in the Irish police force, the Garda Síochána, and there was widespread speculation that the Garda, or some rogue members or former members were responsible for the bugging to forestall investigations. John Mooney, the journalist who wrote the story, explicitly linked the bugging to GSOC's investigation of Garda handling of the case of Kieran Boylan, the convicted drug-runner who was assisted by gardaí in obtaining a passport, a haulage licence and had a prosecution for drug running terminated in extraordinary circumstances. Mooney reported that GSOC called in a specialist British counter-surveillance firm after a senior Garda, in a meeting with GSOC, let slip that he knew of information which GSOC staff had discussed including in a report, but had not actually included.
Shatter, as justice minister, had responsibility for both the Garda and GSOC. Statements he made in the aftermath of the revelation were sharply critical of GSOC, and made almost no mention of Garda behaviour. Shatter both questioned the conclusion that GSOC offices were bugged, and criticised it for not informing him of the alleged prior to reading of concerns GSOC had in 2013 in the Sunday Times... He stated GSOC offices had not been bugged at all, suggesting that the source of one of the anomalies found was a WiFi signal from a coffee shop on the ground floor of GSOC's offices and he said that the Garda had been subjected to "baseless innuendo". Although GSOC itself had concluded by December 2013 that it had not been bugged and that there was no evidence of any Garda misconduct, both opposition politicians and sections of the media accused Shatter of a cover up and he was under sustained media criticism and political attack. A retired High Court Judge, John Cooke was appointed by the government to conduct an independent informal inquiry which he concluded in June 2014. Cooke fully engaged with GSOC and obtained independent technical assistance. His report confirmed that Shatter had correctly and truthfully addressed the issue, that there was no evidence that GSOC had been bugged or of any Garda involvement and he criticised the Sunday Times reports. The Sunday Times was further criticised by a Senior Counsel in a further report on the issue, commissioned by GSOC, extracts from which were published in September 2014.
Connections with Oliver ConnollyEdit
Oliver Connolly, a barrister, arbitrator, mediator and director of Friary Law, a mediation service nominated by two previous Justice Ministers to conduct court directed mediation was appointed in 2011 by Shatter as the Garda Confidential Recipient, an office intended to receive complaints of wrongdoing confidentially from gardaí who have evidence of malpractice in the force. In February 2014, a transcript of a conversation between Connolly and Sergeant Maurice McCabe, a whistleblower, recorded by McCabe was made public. Initially extracts from the transcript were recited in the Dail by Mick Wallace TD and then Fianna Fail leader, Michael Martin. In it, Connolly appeared to be repeatedly telling McCabe not to take any steps that would lead to the publication of wrongdoing that he was reporting. Connolly is quoted as saying "I’ll tell you something Maurice and this is just personal advice to you. If Shatter thinks your [sic] screwing him, you’re finished ... If Shatter thinks it’s you, if he thinks or is told by the Commissioner or the Gardaí here’s this guy again trying another route trying to put pressure on, he’ll go after you." On 5 February 2014 these comments were read into the Dáil record by Mick Wallace, the independent TD.
Following the emergence of the GSOC bugging controversy, these comments were featured more prominently in news media. Shatter informed the Dail that there was no basis for what was alleged by Connolly and that he had never made any such threats. On 19 February, Shatter sacked Connolly as Garda Confidential Recipient. This issue coinciding with the GSOC bugging issue and further fuelled the controversy, resulting in trenchant media and political criticism and calls for Shatter's resignation. Connolly in March 2014 issued a statement expressing support for Shatter as a reforming Minister but declined to explain his comments as contained in the McCabe transcript on the basis that his conversations as confidential recipient with whistleblowers were confidential. Until his resignation Shatter continued to be publicly criticised for making alleged threats against McCabe. The O'Higgins Report published in May 2016 addressed the issue. It fully accepted Shatter's evidence to it that he had not had any such discussion with Connolly nor ever threatened McCabe. It also recorded that McCabe did not challenge and accepted Shatter's evidence and that Connolly had when appearing before it declined to address the issue on the basis that his engagement with McCabe was confidential.
Guerin Report, O'Higgins Report, Fennelly Report, resignation and loss of seatEdit
On 25 March 2014, the Garda Commissioner, Martin Callinan announced his retirement as Garda Commissioner. It subsequently emerged that his unexpected departure was connected to the discovery of previously publicly unknown Garda recordings of phone conversations in Garda stations for over two decades. The circumstances relating to the Commissioners premature retirement and the role of the Taoiseach and the actions of Attorney General, Maire Whelan and Alan Shatter as Minister of Justice were the subject of a statutory Commission of Investigation by retired Supreme Court Judge, Niall Fennelly. The Commissioner had written to Brian Purcell, the Secretary General of the Justice Department on 10 March 2014 informing him of the discovery of the recordings and action being taken. The Gardai had also informed the Attorney General of the issue the previous autumn. Shatter claimed he knew nothing of the letter until after the Commissioner's resignation when some hours later he received a copy of it from the Secretary General of the Justice Department. His political opponents and various media commentators challenged and ridiculed this claim. This added to the controversy in which he was embroiled. Upon publication of the Interim Fennelly Report in September 2015 Fennelly determined that Shatter had told the truth and criticised Whelan for not discussing the issue with him and Purcell for not furnishing the Commissioner's letter to Shatter after he received it. Whelan and Kenny had discussed the recordings issue together on 23 March 2014 and Fennelly was critical of their failure after that meeting to inform Shatter of their concerns about the recordings. Fennelly concluded that had they done so the Commissioners retirement may not have occurred. Shatter claimed that he had not been informed of the recordings until the evening of 24 March 2014. His political opponents alleged he knew of them earlier. The Fennelly Report found also that Shatter was truthful on this issue. The Fennelly Report recorded evidence given by Shatter that contradicted that of Whelan and Kenny in relation to the task given by Kenny to Purcell when visiting the Commissioner on Kenny's direction the night before his premature retirement, 23 March 2014. Kenny claimed that Purcell was tasked to obtain information from Callinan. Shatter claimed he was tasked with informing Callinan that following the next day's cabinet meeting Kenny may be unable to express confidence in Callinan. Shatter's evidence accorded with that of Purcell and Martin Fraser, Kenny's Secretary General in the Taoiseachs Department. The evidence of Whelan and Kenny on the issue was rejected by Fennelly.
On 7 May 2014, Shatter resigned as Minister for Justice and Equality and as Minister for Defence following receipt by the Taoiseach, Enda Kenny, of the report of Seán Guerin into allegations made by Garda Sergeant Maurice McCabe. Guerin criticised Shatter's approach to complaints and allegations made by McCabe and concluded that Shatter had " not heeded" McCabe's voice. In his resignation letter and six weeks later in the Dail, Shatter challenged Guerin's conclusions and criticism of him asserting that Guerin had neither interviewed him nor given him any opportunity to address his concerns. He stated that Guerin's report recorded Guerin had met McCabe on four separate occasions and conducted nineteen hours of interviews with him. In July 2014 Shatter took court proceedings against Guerin challenging the manner in which he conducted his inquiry. In May 2016 the O'Higgins Report concluded that Shatter, as Minister for Justice, had taken a personal interest in McCabe's complaints and allegations, had dealt with them appropriately, promptly and reasonably and that there had been a failure by McCabe to respond to letters sent by Shatter and his officials to McCabe's solicitors in the period October 2012 to December 2014. O' Higgins conclusions reached in a sworn Commission of Investigation entirely contradicted those of Guerin's informal Inquiry. In October 2016 the Court of Appeal ruled that Shatter had been denied a fair hearing by Guerin and that his rights to natural and constitutional justice had been violated. In March 2017 the Court made a declaration in those terms. Subsequent to the October 2016 judgement the Guerin Report was removed from government websites. In July 2017 the Supreme Court agreed to hear an appeal by Guerin against the decision of the Court of Appeal.
Running in the Dublin Rathdown constituency Shatter lost his seat at the 2016 general election. Subsequent to the election he complained about a Fine Gael letter signed by Enda Kenny, as leader of Fine Gael and Brian Hayes MEP, the party's Director of Elections distributed in parts of his constituency which gave the impression he was going to be easily re-elected and which directed Fine Gael voters to give their first preference vote to his Fine Gael colleague, Josepha Madigan. Madigan won the only Fine Gael seat in the constituency. Commenting on the national result, he said: "We all got lost in fiscal space. That was the most bizarre commencement of a campaign that I have seen in my 30 years in politics." He was also critical of the Kenny/Hayes letter. Subsequent to the election Hayes publicly apologised for the distribution of the letter but Kenny remained silent on the issue. He also criticised Enda Kenny.
- "Shatter's wife in drink-driving ban".
- "Mr. Alan Shatter". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- "Shatter: They still tell me to go back where I came from. So do they mean Rathgar?". Irish Independent. 28 January 2012.
- http://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-may-finally-have-some-luck-with-the-irish/#ixzz2yBxZ4Wc9 Israel may finally have some luck with the Irish
- Introducing Ireland: a serious visitor's guide with biographies of over 700 leaders, Mercier Press, 1992.
- "Shatter in bid to evict tenant from US home over rent row". Irish Independent. 17 September 2012.
- "Alan Shatter". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- "Israeli envoy condemns TD's 'outrageous' Goebbels remark". The Irish Times. 14 January 2009.
- "Israeli-born academic clashes with Shatter over Gaza violence". The Irish Times. 12 February 2009.
- Personal Involvency Act 2012
- The Vetting (Children & Vulnerable Persons) Act 2012,The Vetting (Children & Vulnerable Persons) Act 2012
- Criminal Justice Act 2011
- DNA Database Act
- Human Rights and Equality Commission Act
- "Shatter in U-turn on his 'rash' support for Prime Time". Irish Independent. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
- Mary Minihan; Noel Dundon (17 June 2011). "Shatter criticises RTÉ reporter". The Irish Times. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
- "Shatter apologises for prisoner escape". Irish Examiner. 29 March 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- "Break-in at Irish justice minister Alan Shatter's home". BBC News. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- Lally, Conor (16 May 2013). "Allegations of widespread Garda corruption on penalty points dimissed in new report". The Irish Times. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Labour 'satisfied' with Dail Shatter response". Irish Independent. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- "Minister for Justice Alan Shatter resigns". Irish Times. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Alan Shatter expects another election within 18 months". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
- Lyons, Niamh (3 March 2016). "Shatter blames taoiseach for election setback". The Times, Irish edition. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
|New constituency|| Fine Gael Teachta Dála for Dublin South
| Fine Gael Teachta Dála for Dublin South
as Minister for Justice and Law Reform
| Minister for Justice and Equality
Éamon Ó Cuív
| Minister for Defence