The Alamo Bowl is an NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision college football bowl game played annually since 1993 in the Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas. Since 2010 it matches the second choice team from the Pac-12 Conference and the second choice team from the Big 12 Conference. Traditionally, the Alamo Bowl has been played in December, although it was played in January following the 2009, 2014, and 2015 seasons.
|Valero Alamo Bowl|
|Location||San Antonio, Texas|
|Conference tie-ins||Big 12 (1995–present)|
Pac-12 (1993–1994; 2010–present)
|Previous conference tie-ins||Southwest (1993–1994)|
Big Ten (1995–2009)
Builders Square Alamo Bowl (1993–1998)
Sylvania Alamo Bowl (1999–2001)
Alamo Bowl Presented By MasterCard (2002)
MasterCard Alamo Bowl (2003–2005)
Alamo Bowl (2006)
|Washington State vs Iowa State (WSU 28–26)|
|Texas vs. Utah (Texas 38–10)|
Since 2007, the game has been sponsored by Valero Energy Corporation and officially known as the Valero Alamo Bowl. Previous sponsors include MasterCard (2002–2005), Sylvania (1999–2001), and Builders Square (1993–1998).
The game was previously known as the Builders Square Alamo Bowl (1993–1998), the Sylvania Alamo Bowl (1999–2001), and the MasterCard Alamo Bowl (2002–2005). The logo of the event has evolved to reflect the changes in sponsorship. On May 24, 2007 the Alamo Bowl announced a partnership with San Antonio-based Valero Energy Corporation, and thus the bowl's full name was changed. The partnership with Valero is in place until 2025.
The game originally gave an automatic invite to a team from the now-defunct Southwest Conference (SWC). However, in 1993, only two of the eight SWC teams finished with the necessary 6 wins against Division I-A teams to become bowl-eligible, and those two teams were already committed to other bowls, so the Iowa Hawkeyes were invited instead. The SWC was able to provide teams for the next two seasons (Baylor Bears in 1994 and Texas A&M Aggies in 1995) before the conference disbanded.
During the 1996 Alamo Bowl, the Iowa Hawkeyes wore plain black helmets (removing their tigerhawk logo and gold stripe) in honor of linebacker Mark Mitchell's mother, who died in a car accident while traveling to San Antonio for the game.
The 2002 Alamo Bowl played between the Colorado Buffaloes and Wisconsin Badgers was the first Alamo Bowl to go into overtime, with the unranked Badgers defeating the No. 14 ranked Buffaloes after kicking a field goal to win 31–28, completing a perfect non-conference schedule at 6-0 (the Badgers finished with a 2-6 record in the Big Ten). The 2008 Alamo Bowl between the Missouri Tigers and Northwestern Wildcats also went into overtime, with the Tigers defeating the Wildcats 30–23.
The 2005 Alamo Bowl ended with one of the most controversial plays in bowl game history. During the multi-lateral play, almost the entire Nebraska Cornhuskers team and coaching staff as well as half of the Michigan Wolverines sideline came onto the field, and the Cornhuskers gave their coach a Gatorade shower before the play was blown dead. It drew parallels to 1982's "The Play", 2000's "Music City Miracle", and 2002's "Bluegrass Miracle". Nebraska would win the game 32−28 after Michigan was not able to reach the endzone.
The 2007 Alamo Bowl between the Penn State Nittany Lions and the Texas A&M Aggies was attended by 66,166, an Alamodome facility-record crowd for a sporting event, breaking the previous record set by the Iowa Hawkeyes and Texas Longhorns in the 2006 Alamo Bowl. The Nittany Lions won the game 24–17.
The Alamo Bowl has sold out seven of its 16 games (1995, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2007, and 2011).
On August 28, 2009, the Alamo Bowl organizers announced they had reached an agreement with the then Pac-10 Conference to replace the Big Ten Conference in the Alamo Bowl. Under the terms of the agreement, the now Pac-12 Conference's (Pac-12) second-choice team earns a bid to the Alamo Bowl. The agreement took effect beginning with the 2010 college football season. The Pac-12's second-choice team was previously contracted to play in the Holiday Bowl against the third choice from the Big 12. The Big 12's third choice also moved to the Alamo Bowl, and the Holiday Bowl now gets third choice of team from the Pac-12 and the fourth choice from the Big Ten.
In the 2011 Alamo Bowl the Baylor Bears and Washington Huskies combined to score 123 points, breaking the record for the most points scored in a bowl game in college football history. Baylor won the game 67-56. The 2011 game was also the first Alamo Bowl to feature the season's Heisman Trophy winner, Baylor's Robert Griffin III.
All rankings are taken from the AP Poll prior to the game being played.
|Date||Winning team||Losing team||Attnd.||Notes|
|December 31, 1993||California||37||Iowa||3||45,716||notes|
|December 31, 1994||#24 Washington State||10||Baylor||3||44,106||notes|
|December 28, 1995||#19 Texas A&M||22||#14 Michigan||20||64,597||notes|
|December 29, 1996||#21 Iowa||27||Texas Tech||0||55,677||notes|
|December 30, 1997||#16 Purdue||33||#24 Oklahoma State||20||55,552||notes|
|December 29, 1998||Purdue||37||#4 Kansas State||34||60,780||notes|
|December 28, 1999||#13 Penn State||24||#18 Texas A&M||0||65,380||notes|
|December 30, 2000||#8 Nebraska||66||#19 Northwestern||17||60,028||notes|
|December 29, 2001||Iowa||19||Texas Tech||16||65,232||notes|
|December 28, 2002||Wisconsin||31||#14 Colorado||28 (OT)||50,690||notes|
|December 29, 2003||#22 Nebraska||17||Michigan State||3||56,229||notes|
|December 29, 2004||#24 Ohio State||33||Oklahoma State||7||65,265||notes|
|December 28, 2005||Nebraska||32||#20 Michigan||28||62,016||notes|
|December 30, 2006||#18 Texas||26||Iowa||24||65,875||notes|
|December 29, 2007||Penn State||24||Texas A&M||17||66,166||notes|
|December 29, 2008||#25 Missouri||30||#22 Northwestern||23 (OT)||55,986||notes|
|January 2, 2010||Texas Tech||41||Michigan State||31||64,757||notes|
|December 29, 2010||#16 Oklahoma State||36||Arizona||10||57,593||notes|
|December 29, 2011||#15 Baylor||67||Washington||56||65,256||notes|
|December 29, 2012||#23 Texas||31||#13 Oregon State||27||65,277||notes|
|December 30, 2013||#10 Oregon||30||Texas||7||65,918||notes|
|January 2, 2015||#14 UCLA||40||#11 Kansas State||35||60,517||notes|
|January 2, 2016||#11 TCU||47||#15 Oregon||41 (3OT)||64,569||notes|
|December 29, 2016||#12 Oklahoma State||38||#10 Colorado||8||59,815||notes|
|December 28, 2017||#13 TCU||39||#15 Stanford||37||57,653||notes|
|December 28, 2018||#12 Washington State||28||#25 Iowa State||26||60,675||notes|
|December 31, 2019||Texas||38||#12 Utah||10||60,147||notes|
Two MVPs are selected for each game; one offensive player and one defensive player.
|Year||Offensive MVP||Defensive MVP|
|1993||Dave Barr||California||QB||Jerrott Willard||California||LB|
|1994||Chad Davis||Washington State||QB||Ron Childs||Washington State||LB|
|1995||Kyle Bryant||Texas A&M||K||Keith Mitchell||Texas A&M||LB|
|1996||Sedrick Shaw||Iowa||RB||Jared DeVries||Iowa||DL|
|1997||Billy Dicken||Purdue||QB||Adrian Beasley||Purdue||S|
|1998||Drew Brees||Purdue||QB||Rosevelt Colvin||Purdue||DE|
|1999||Rashard Casey||Penn State||QB||LaVar Arrington||Penn State||LB|
|2000||Dan Alexander||Nebraska||RB||Kyle Vanden Bosch||Nebraska||DL|
|2001||Aaron Greving||Iowa||RB||Derrick Pickens||Iowa||DL|
|2002||Brooks Bollinger||Wisconsin||QB||Jeff Mack||Wisconsin||LB|
|2003||Jammal Lord||Nebraska||QB||Trevor Johnson||Nebraska||DL|
|2004||Ted Ginn Jr.||Ohio State||WR/PR/KR||Simon Fraser||Ohio State||DE|
|2005||Cory Ross||Nebraska||RB||Leon Hall||Michigan||CB|
|2006||Colt McCoy||Texas||QB||Aaron Ross||Texas||CB|
|2007||Rodney Kinlaw||Penn State||RB||Sean Lee||Penn State||LB|
|2008||Jeremy Maclin||Missouri||WR/PR/KR||Sean Weatherspoon||Missouri||LB|
|Jan. 2010||Taylor Potts||Texas Tech||QB||Jamar Wall||Texas Tech||CB|
|Dec. 2010||Justin Blackmon||Oklahoma State||WR||Markelle Martin||Oklahoma State||S|
|2011||Terrance Ganaway||Baylor||RB||Elliot Coffey||Baylor||LB|
|2012||Marquise Goodwin||Texas||WR||Alex Okafor||Texas||DE|
|2013||Marcus Mariota||Oregon||QB||Avery Patterson||Oregon||SS|
|2015||Paul Perkins||UCLA||RB||Eric Kendricks||UCLA||LB|
|Jan. 2016||Bram Kohlhausen||TCU||QB||Travin Howard||TCU||LB|
|Dec. 2016||James Washington||Oklahoma State||WR||Vincent Taylor||Oklahoma State||DT|
|2017||Kenny Hill||TCU||QB||Travin Howard||TCU||LB|
|2018||Gardner Minshew||Washington State||QB||Peyton Pelluer||Washington State||LB|
|2019||Sam Ehlinger||Texas||QB||Joseph Ossai||Texas||LB|
Fred Jacoby Sportsmanship AwardEdit
|1996||Shane Dunn||Texas Tech||OT|
|1997||Kevin Williams||Oklahoma State||DB|
|1998||Jarrod Cooper||Kansas State||DB|
|1999||Jason Webster||Texas A&M||CB|
|2001||Anton Paige||Texas Tech||WR|
|2003||Joe Tate||Michigan State||OG|
|2004||Donovan Woods||Oklahoma State||QB|
|2007||Mark Dodge||Texas A&M||LB|
|Jan. 2010||Ross Weaver||Michigan State||DB|
|Dec. 2010||David Douglas||Arizona||WR|
|2012||Storm Woods||Oregon State||RB|
|2015||Tyler Lockett||Kansas State||WR|
|Jan. 2016||Rodney Hardrick||Oregon||LB|
|Dec. 2016||Sean Irwin||Colorado||TE|
|2018||Marcel Spears Jr.||Iowa State||LB|
Updated through the December 2019 edition (27 games, 54 total appearances).
- Teams with multiple appearances
- Teams with a single appearance
Kansas, Oklahoma and West Virginia are the only current or former Big 12 members that have not appeared in the bowl, while Arizona State and USC are the only Pac-12 members that have not appeared. Colorado appeared as both a member of the Big 12 and Pac-12.
Appearances by conferenceEdit
Updated through the December 2019 edition (27 games, 54 total appearances).
|Conference||Record||Appearances by season|
|Big 12||24||13||11||.542||2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009*, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2015*, 2016, 2017, 2019||1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2013, 2014*, 2018|
|Big Ten||16||8||8||.500||1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2007||1993, 1995, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009*|
|Pac-12||12||5||7||.417||1993, 1994, 2013, 2014*, 2018||2010, 2011, 2012, 2015*, 2016, 2017, 2019|
- Games marked with an asterisk (*) were played in January of the following calendar year.
- Pac-12 record includes appearances when the conference was known as the Pac-10 (before 2011).
- The Southwest Conference (SWC) dissolved after the 1995 season.
|Team||Record, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Most points scored (winning team)||67, Baylor vs. Washington||2011|
|Most points scored (losing team)||56, Washington vs Baylor||2011|
|Most points scored (both teams)||123, Baylor vs. Washington||2011|
|Fewest points allowed||0, shared by:
Iowa vs. Texas Tech
Penn State vs. Texas A&M
|Largest margin of victory||49, Nebraska (66) vs. Northwestern (17)||2000|
|Total yards||777, Baylor vs. Washington||2011|
|Rushing yards||482, Baylor vs. Washington||2011|
|Passing yards||460, Texas Tech vs. Michigan State||Jan. 2010|
|First downs||33, Baylor vs. Washington||2011|
|Fewest yards allowed|
|Fewest rushing yards allowed|
|Fewest passing yards allowed|
|Individual||Record, Player, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|All-purpose yards||249, Tyler Lockett, Kansas State vs. UCLA||2015|
|Rushing yards||240, Dan Alexander, Nebraska vs. Michigan State||2003|
|Rushing touchdowns||5, Terrance Ganaway, Baylor vs. Washington||2011|
|Passing yards||438, Keith Price, Washington vs. Baylor||2011|
|Passing touchdowns||4, Keith Price, Washington vs. Baylor||2011|
|Receiving yards||198, Jermaine Kearse, Washington vs. Baylor||2011|
|Receiving touchdowns||3, JJ Arcega-Whiteside, Stanford vs. TCU||2017|
|Tackles||17, Sean Weatherspoon, Missouri vs. Northwestern||2008|
|Sacks||4.5, Alex Okafor, Texas vs. Oregon State||2012|
|Interceptions||2, most recently:
Leon Hall, Michigan vs. Nebraska
|Long Plays||Record, Team vs. Opponent||Year|
|Touchdown run||89, Terrance Ganaway, Baylor vs. Washington||2011|
|Touchdown pass||93, Jalen Reagor, TCU vs. Stanford||2017|
|Kickoff return||69, Steve Breaston, Michigan vs. Nebraska||2005|
|Punt return||76, Desmon White, TCU vs. Stanford||2017|
|Interception return||91, Don Strickland, Colorado vs. Wisconsin||2002|
|Punt||67, Justin Brantly, Texas A&M vs. Penn State||2007|
|Field goal||51, Josh Brown, Nebraska vs. Northwestern||2000|
|Bowl Attendance||65,918 at Oregon vs. Texas||2013|
The bowl has been televised on ESPN since its inception. It has produced eight of the top 20 most-watched bowl games in ESPN history. In 2006, the Alamo Bowl featured the Texas Longhorns and the Iowa Hawkeyes in a game that earned a 6.0 rating, making it the most-watched college football game in ESPN history as more than 8.83 million viewers saw the telecast.
- "2019 Bowl Schedule". collegefootballpoll.com. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
- Bailey, W. Scott (April 9, 2020). "Pandemic forces Valero Alamo Bowl into waiting game". San Antonio Business Journal. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
- "Alamo Bowl crowd sets Alamodome record". Bevo Beat (blog). December 30, 2006. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-30.
- 2006 Alamo Bowl Media Guide, pp. 1–22, (PDF) Archived 2007-10-31 at the Wayback Machine, The San Antonio Bowl Association.
- "Valero Alamo Bowl, Pacific-10 Conference agree on deal starting in 2010 season". Sports.espn.go.com. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
- "The Game - Valero Alamo Bowl Records". alamobowl.com. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
- "Fred Jacoby - General". National Football Foundation. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
- "Ex-SWC Commissioner Fred Jacoby, 80, dies". Longview News-Journal. Longview, Texas. March 16, 2008. Retrieved May 16, 2017 – via newspapers.com.
- 2006 Alamo Bowl ranks as ESPN's most-watched bowl game, MackBrown-TexasFootball.com, January 3, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alamo Bowl.|