Alaminos, officially the City of Alaminos (Pangasinan: Siyudad na Alaminos; Ilocano: Siudad ti Alaminos; Sambal: Babali nin Alaminos; Filipino: Lungsod ng Alaminos), is a 4th class component city in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines, and is known for being the home of the Hundred Islands National Park, which is composed of 124 islands and is located off the coast of Barangay Lucap. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 99,397 people.[3] The city is named after Juan Alaminos y de Vivar, a former governor-general of the Philippines.

Alaminos
City of Alaminos
Clockwise from top: Christ the Redeemer at Hundred Islands National Park, Saint Joseph the Patriarch Cathedral Cathedral, and Alaminos city center (Poblacion).
Flag of Alaminos
Official seal of Alaminos
Nickname: 
Home of the Hundred Islands
Map of Pangasinan with Alaminos highlighted
Map of Pangasinan with Alaminos highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Map
Alaminos is located in Philippines
Alaminos
Alaminos
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°09′19″N 119°58′51″E / 16.155314°N 119.980769°E / 16.155314; 119.980769
CountryPhilippines
RegionIlocos Region
ProvincePangasinan
District 1st district
Founded1744
CityhoodMarch 28, 2001
Named forJuan Alaminos y Vivar
Barangays39 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorArth Bryan C. Celeste (NP)
 • Vice MayorJose Antonio Miguel Y. Perez (NP)
 • RepresentativeNoli Celeste (NP)
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate62,546 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total164.26 km2 (63.42 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Highest elevation
760 m (2,490 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total99,397
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Households
25,195
Economy
 • Income class4th city income class
 • Poverty incidence
17.53
% (2021)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 703.1 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 1,925 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 613 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 460.6 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityPangasinan 1 Electric Cooperative (PANELCO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2404
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)75
Native languagesPangasinan
Ilocano
Tagalog
Sambal
Websitewww.alaminoscity.gov.ph

In 2009, it was announced that Alaminos Airport would be built near the city as a commercial airport for Pangasinan province.[5] However, the timeline for construction of the airport has repeatedly slipped; as of 2015, the project is in limbo.[6]

Etymology

edit

Alaminos is named after the Spanish general Juan Alaminos y Vivar, who served as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1873 to 1874 and was much loved by locals as he visited to the then-town in 1860. Previously named Sarapsap, it was renamed in his honor in 1872.[7]

History

edit

Alaminos was formerly part of Bolinao, tracing its roots to a barrio named Casborran (present-day barangay Baleyadaan), formerly part of Zambales. It eventually grew when people from Suyang (present-day barangay Zaragosa in Bolinao) relocated to the area in 1737.

In 1747, Casborran became an independent town. In 1758, it was attacked by fire due to a political and economic conflict. In 1764, inhabitants tried to rebuild the town but another conflict happened, making them leave for Nansangaan (present-day Barangay Inerangan). Two years later, they found refuge at a plateau that is now the poblacion of Alaminos and renamed it Sarapsap. It was renamed to Alaminos in 1872, twelve years after the visit of the future Governor-General Juan Alaminos y Vivar, who was well loved by residents, to the thriving town.[7] In 1903, Alaminos was annexed to Pangasinan by virtue of Act No. 1004.[8]

The Communist Party of the Philippines was founded by Jose Maria Sison in the remote barangay of Dulacac on December 26, 1968.[9]

Cityhood

edit
 
Former flag of Alaminos

By virtue of Republic Act 9025, signed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on March 5, 2001, Alaminos was converted into a city after 85% of the voters favored the ratification in a plebiscite held on March 28, 2001.[7][10]

Contemporary era

edit

Alaminos was badly hit in May 2009 by Typhoon Emong which damaged many houses in the city, including the roof of the main church. Due to this, several organizations had requested donations and aid to help in restoring the town back to its former self.[11]

Geography

edit

Alaminos City is 42 kilometres (26 mi) from Lingayen and 248 kilometres (154 mi) from Manila.

Barangays

edit

Alaminos City is politically subdivided into 39 barangays. Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.

  • Alos
  • Amandiego
  • Amangbangan
  • Balangobong
  • Balayang
  • Bisocol
  • Bolaney
  • Baleyadaan
  • Bued
  • Cabatuan
  • Cayucay
  • Dulacac
  • Inerangan
  • Landoc
  • Linmansangan
  • Lucap
  • Maawi
  • Macatiw
  • Magsaysay
  • Mona
  • Palamis
  • Pandan
  • Pangapisan
  • Poblacion
  • Pocal-Pocal
  • Pogo
  • Polo
  • Quibuar
  • Sabangan
  • San Antonio
  • San Jose
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Maria
  • Tanaytay
  • Tangcarang
  • Tawintawin
  • Telbang
  • Victoria

Climate

edit
Climate data for Alaminos
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
24
(74)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.3
(0.17)
19.1
(0.75)
27.3
(1.07)
45.2
(1.78)
153.3
(6.04)
271.3
(10.68)
411.1
(16.19)
532
(20.9)
364.4
(14.35)
182.5
(7.19)
56.3
(2.22)
24.4
(0.96)
2,091.2
(82.3)
Average rainy days 3 2 3 5 14 17 22 23 21 13 7 4 134
Source: World Weather Online (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[12]

Demographics

edit
Population census of Alaminos
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,834—    
1918 14,353+1.29%
1939 19,960+1.58%
1948 26,240+3.09%
1960 30,250+1.19%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 38,773+2.51%
1975 42,496+1.86%
1980 47,715+2.34%
1990 59,363+2.21%
1995 65,130+1.75%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 73,448+2.61%
2007 79,788+1.15%
2010 85,025+2.34%
2015 89,708+1.03%
2020 99,397+2.04%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[13][14][15]

Economy

edit

Poverty incidence of Alaminos

5
10
15
20
25
30
2006
24.80
2009
19.86
2012
8.61
2015
12.39
2018
7.75
2021
17.53

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

Government

edit

Local government

edit

Alaminos, belonging to the first congressional district of the province of Pangasinan, is governed by a mayor designated as its local chief executive and by a municipal council as its legislative body in accordance with the Local Government Code. The mayor, vice mayor, and the councilors are elected directly by the people through an election which is being held every three years.

Elected officials

edit
Members of the Alaminos City Council (2019–2022)[24]
Position Name
District Representative
(1st Legislative District the Province of Pangasinan)
Arnold F. Celeste
Chief Executive of the City of Alaminos Arth Bryan C. Celeste
Presiding Officer of the City Council of Alaminos Vice Mayor Jose Antonio M. Yatco
Councilors of the City of Alaminos Apple Joy D. Bacay
Carolyn D. Sison
Michelle S. Segundera
Joselito D. Fontelera
Cirilo B. Radoc
Verna S. Rabago
Oscar A. Boling
Froebel A. Ranoy
Dahlia M. De Leon
Alfred Feliz E. De Castro

Media

edit

AM Stations:

FM Stations:

Cable & Satellite TV Providers

Festivals

edit

The Galila Hundred Islands Festival is held from March 16 to 21 every year.[25][26] Galila means “come” in the vernacular, and the festival includes the 100 Islands Adventure Race.

Transportation

edit

Accredited Transport Cooperative as of January 2021:

  • Alaminos, Bani, Agno, Anda, Bolinao Operators and Drivers Transport Service Cooperative (ABAABOD TSC)[27]

Sister cities

edit

Images

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ City of Alaminos | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. April 2, 2024. Retrieved April 28, 2024.
  5. ^ Micua, Leonardo V. (July 23, 2011). "Alaminos City finally chosen as site of commercial airport in Pangasinan". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
  6. ^ Sotelo, Yolanda (August 5, 2015). "Airport, seaport projects hit gridlock in Pangasinan". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  7. ^ a b c "Local History". City of Alaminos Pangasina. Retrieved July 7, 2023.
  8. ^ Act No. 1004 (November 20, 1903), An Act Annexing the Northern Part of the Province of Zambales to the Province of Pangasinan and Providing That the Southern Part Thereof Shall Continue as Separate Province Under the Name of Zambales, retrieved July 7, 2023 – via Senate of the Philippines Legislative Digital Resources
  9. ^ Joma Sison recalls birth of CPP in Alaminos - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos Archived December 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Republic Act No. 9025 (March 5, 2001), An Act Converting The Municipality Of Alaminos, Province Of Pangasinan Into A Component City To Be Known as the City of Alaminos, retrieved June 30, 2021 – via officialgazette.gov.ph
  11. ^ ""Emong" wreaks havoc in Western Pangasinan". Sunday Punch. May 10, 2009. Archived from the original on April 19, 2021. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  12. ^ "Alaminos, Philippines: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  13. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  15. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  16. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  17. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  18. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  19. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  20. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  21. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  22. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  23. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. April 2, 2024. Retrieved April 28, 2024.
  24. ^ "2019 National and Local Elections" (PDF). Commission on Elections. Retrieved March 6, 2022.
  25. ^ Galila Hundred Islands Festival
  26. ^ "Gali-La Alaminians". Facebook.
  27. ^ "Accredited Transport Cooperatives as of January 2021" (PDF). Office of Transportation Cooperatives. January 2021.
  28. ^ "Alaminos donates goods in Marikina". Balita. September 2009. Archived from the original on February 19, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
edit