Alam Lohar (Urdu: محمد عالم لوہار, Punjabi: ਆਲਮ ਲੋਹਾਰ; 1928 – 3 July 1979) was a prominent Punjabi folk music singer from the Punjab region of Pakistan, formerly British India. He is credited with creating and popularising the musical term Jugni.
|Birth name||Muhammad Alam Lohar|
Village Achh near Kotla Arab Ali Khan, Gujrat, Punjab British India (now in Pakistan)
|Died||3 July 1979 (aged 51)|
Sham ki Bhattian, Punjab, Pakistan
|Genres||Punjabi folk music|
|Occupation(s)||Singer, musician, poet|
|Labels||EMI Music Pakistan, Oriental Star Agencies|
Early life and careerEdit
Alam Lohar was born in 1928 in Achh, near Kotla Arab Ali Khan, Kharian Tehsil, Gujrat District of Punjab, British India. He was born into a family of blacksmiths. As a child, Lohar read Sufiana Kalaam, a collection of Punjabi stories and poetry and started singing from a childhood age. His family and children now live all around the world with most of his children in the UK.
Alam Lohar developed a new style of singing called the Punjabi Vaar, an epic or folk tale which made him popular when he toured villages and towns in the Punjab region. He is famous for his rendition of Waris Shah's Heer along with other songs such as Saif ul Maluk. He recorded his first album at the age of 13 and throughout his career he accomplished 15 Gold Disc LP's (record sales) for the following with mainly EMI/HMV Pakistan and other regional companies within Pakistan: Jugni (1965), Saif ul Mulook (1948), Qissa Yusuf Zulaykha (1961), Bol Mitti de Bawa (1964), Dilwala Dukhra (1975), Wajan Mariyan Bulaya (1977), Qissa Mirza Sahiban (1967), Qissa Hirni (1963), Maa Da Pyaar (1971), Heer (1969), Qissa Sassi Pannu (1972), Qissa Baraa Maa (1974), Jis Din Mera Vayaah (1973), Qissa Dhulla Bhatti (1959), Mirza De Maa (1968) .
In his childhood he used to read Sufi poetry (sufiana kalaam), Punjabi folk stories and participate as a young child in local gatherings expressing a vocal only art form in reading passages of great poets. From many of the gatherings out of the rural background, rose a great singer that could influence his audience with elements of joy, peace, happiness and sadness. Then he started going to festivals and gatherings on a regular basis and with these performances, he rose to become one of the most listened to singers in South Asia during the 1970s.
In the 1970s, Alam Lohar started to tour different countries including United Kingdom, Canada, Norway, United States and Germany to entertain the South Asian communities living in those countries.
Alam Lohar died in an accident near Sham ki Bhattian on 3 July 1979 when a heavily loaded truck collided with his vehicle because the truck failed to overtake his car. He was buried at the outskirts of Lalamusa on GT Road in Pakistan. After his death, the President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq honoured Alam Lohar with Pakistan's highest civil award for arts and theatre the Pride of Performance Award in 1979.
Alam Lohar's death was unexpected, many singers in Pakistan and India including Lal Chand Yamla Jatt, Noor Jehan, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan expressed sadness on the passing of Alam Lohar in a television broadcast on the 10th anniversary of Alam's death. One of Alam Lohar's sons namely Arif Lohar followed the tradition of his father and is also regarded as a famous folk singer in Pakistan. Throughout the period of the 1950s and until his death in 1979, he had dominated folk singing in Pakistan and was a major singer in Punjabi and Sufi singing worldwide. In many rural villages the local traditional people have called him 'Sher-e-Punjab' (Lion of Punjab) or 'Heerah' meaning diamond.
Some of Alam Lohar's songs have achieved critical acclaim and have contributed to the music and culture of the Punjab, most notably Jugni, Bol Mitti De Baweya, Mirza Sahiban (he was the main Punjabi singer to bring this story into a song format singing in a very distinct style - Jhori (double flute) & Chimta with a high pitch vocal) Wajan Mariyan Bulaya, Saif-ul-mulook, Dil Wala Dukhra and Shahbaz Qualander (Dhamaal). Alam Lohar is regarded as one of Pakistan's iconic performers who still remains popular in the region.
In memory of Alam Lohar the Government of Pakistan has named a road after him which runs from his birth village Aach to the main Grand Truck Road which is known as 'Alam Lohar Road'.
- Folk singer Alam Lohar remembered Pakistan Today (newspaper), Published 4 July 2012, Retrieved 19 March 2018
- Taneja, Shailaja Tripathi (8 November 2008). "A balladeer's journey". The Hindu (newspaper). Retrieved 19 March 2018.
In 1965 folk musician Alam Lohar came up with the genre of Jugni – songs about woman who travels from one place to another having interesting experiences.
- "Profile of Alam Lohar". folkpunjab.org. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- "Folk singer Alam Lohar being remembered today". Samaa TV website. 3 July 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- 'My Mothers Aspirations', Muhammed Salim P.g. 122–134, 2011, ISBN 978-1-4520-7524-2
- Profile of Alam Lohar on EMI Pakistan website Retrieved 19 March 2018