Alain Erlande-Brandenburg

Alain Erlande-Brandenburg (2 August 1937 in Luxeuil (Haute-Saône) – 6 June 2020, Paris) was a French art historian and honorary general curator for heritage, a specialist on Gothic and Romanesque art.

Alain Erlande-Brandenburg
ALAIN ERLANDE BRANDENBURG.jpg
Erlande-Brandenburg in 2017
Born(1937-08-02)2 August 1937
Died6 June 2020(2020-06-06) (aged 82)
NationalityFrench
Alma materÉcole du Louvre
OccupationArt historian, museum curator

Early lifeEdit

Erlande-Brandenburg was son of the physician Gilbert Brandenburg and grandson of writer and poet Albert-Jacques Brandenburg. He attended school in Marseille at the lycée Saint-Charles et Thiers, then entered the Lycée Henri-IV to prepare the later study at the École Nationale des Chartes, from where he graduated as an archivist-palaeographer in 1964. He also studied at the École du Louvre, where he received his doctorate in 1971. Theses in 1964 at the École des Chartes (on French royal funerals and tombs) and in 1965 at the École du Louvre (on funerary statues) culminated in a dissertation[1] at the École pratique des hautes études on the royal tombs at the Basilica of Saint-Denis, published in 1975.[2]

CareerEdit

He was chief curator of the Musée de Cluny (Musée national du Moyen Âge) since 1967, chief conservator and director of the National Museum of the Renaissance in Château d'Écouen from 1980 to 1987, of which he was a founder, and assistant to the director of the Musées de France from 1987 to 1991.[3] He became director of the Musée de Cluny from 1991 to 1994 and director of Museum of the Renaissance from 1999 to 2005. He was also director of studies at the École pratique des hautes études (4th section) from 1974 to 2005. He taught as a professor of medieval architecture at the École de Chaillot [fr] and museology at the École du Louvre. From 1991 to 2000 he was professor of medieval archaeology and art history at the École des Chartes. From 1994 to 1998 he was director of the Archives nationales de France.[4]

Brandenburg was Inspector General of French museums in 1988 and president of the Société française d'archéologie [fr] from 1985 to 1994. He has gained an international reputation for a number of important publications on the Gothic era, notably an enlightening work on the new conception of the history of art—La Cathédrale—published in 1989.[3]

HonoursEdit

Selected bibliographyEdit

 
Construction of the Tower of Babel, featured on the cover of The Cathedral Builders of the Middle Ages.
  • Cluny Museum, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, 1979.
  • The Lady and the Unicorn, Éditions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1979.
  • Les sculptures de Notre-Dame de Paris au Musée de Cluny. Editions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 1982.
  • L'art gothique. Éditions Citadelles & Mazenod, 1984, rev. 2004.
  • L'Eglise abbatiale de Saint Denis (2 volumes). Éditions de la Tourelle, 1984.
  • Le Monde gothique: La conquête de l'Europ(e (1260–1380), collection « L'Univers des Formes » (nº 34). Éditions Gallimard, 1987.
  • La dame à la licorne, rev. ed. Éditions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 1989.
  • (With Bertrand Jestaz) Le château de Vincennes. Picard, 1989.
  • La Cathédrale, collection « Histoire », Librairie Arthème Fayard, 1989.
    • The Cathedral: The Social and Architectural Dynamics of Construction, Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Gothic Art, Harry N. Abrams, 1989.
  • Notre-Dame de Paris. Nathan/CNMHS, 1991, rev. 1997.
  • Quand les cathédrales étaient peintes, collection « Découvertes Gallimard » (nº 180), série Arts. Éditions Gallimard, 1993 (new edition in 2009).[7]
    • UK edition – The Cathedral Builders of the Middle Ages, 'New Horizons' series. Thames & Hudson, 1995.
    • US edition – Cathedrals and Castles: Building in the Middle Ages, "Abrams Discoveries" series. Harry N. Abrams, 1995.
  • De pierre, d'or et de feu: la création artistique au Moyen âge, IVe-XIIIe siècle. Fayard, 1999.
  • Le sacre de l'artiste: la création au Moyen Âge XIVe-XVe siècle. Fayard, 2000.
  • La Renaissance en Croatie. Exh. cat. Zagreb 2004. Réunion des musées nationaux, 2004.
  • L'Art roman: Un défi européen, collection « Découvertes Gallimard » (nº 471), série Arts. Éditions Gallimard, 2005.
  • La cathédrale de Reims: chef-d'oeuvre du gothique. Actes sud, 2007.
  • Qu'est-ce qu'une église? « Hors série Connaissance ». Éditions Gallimard, 2010.
  • (With Mathieu Lours) Cathédrales d'Europe. Citadelles & Mazenod, 2011.

LiteratureEdit

  • Bos, Agnès (2006). Materiam superabat opus: Hommage à Alain Erlande-Brandenburg (in French). Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux. ISBN 9782711850235.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Alain Erlande-Brandenburg. Le Roi est mort: Étude sur les funérailles, les sépultures et les tombeaux des rois de France jusqu'à la fin du XIIIe siècle. Geneva: Droz, 1975.
  2. ^ Taburet-Delahaye, Élisabeth (November 2020). "Alain Erlande-Brandenburg (1937–2020)". Burlington Magazine. 162 (1412): 1011–1012.
  3. ^ a b Erlande-Brandenburg, Alain (1995). Cathedrals and Castles: Building in the Middle Ages. “Abrams Discoveries” series. Translated by Stonehewer, Rosemary. New York: Harry N. Abrams. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-810-92812-1. About the author
  4. ^ "Les directeurs des Archives de France depuis 1789". francearchives.fr (in French). 2017-09-27. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  5. ^ "Décret du 12 juillet 2002 portant promotion et nomination". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  6. ^ "ORDRE NATIONAL DU MERITE Décret du 14 mai 1997". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  7. ^ "Quand les cathédrales étaient peintes, collection Découvertes Gallimard (n° 180)". gallimard.fr (in French). 2009. Retrieved 2018-01-23.