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Alagir (Russian: Алаги́р; Ossetian: Алагир) is an industrial town and the administrative center of Alagirsky District in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, located on the west bank of the Ardon River, 54 kilometers (34 mi) west of the republic's capital Vladikavkaz. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 20,949.[3]

Alagir

Алагир
Other transcription(s)
 • OsseticАлагир
Location of Alagir
Alagir is located in Russia
Alagir
Alagir
Location of Alagir
Alagir is located in North Ossetia–Alania
Alagir
Alagir
Alagir (North Ossetia–Alania)
Coordinates: 43°02′N 44°14′E / 43.033°N 44.233°E / 43.033; 44.233Coordinates: 43°02′N 44°14′E / 43.033°N 44.233°E / 43.033; 44.233
CountryRussia
Federal subjectNorth Ossetia-Alania[1]
Administrative districtAlagirsky District[1]
Town Under District JurisdictionAlagir[1]
Founded1850[2]
Town status since1938
Area
 • Total23 km2 (9 sq mi)
Elevation
600 m (2,000 ft)
Population
 • Total20,949
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
20,043 (-4.3%)
 • Density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Capital ofAlagirsky District[1], Alagir Town Under District Jurisdiction[1]
 • Municipal districtAlagirsky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementAlagirskoye Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofAlagirsky Municipal District[5], Alagirskoye Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+4 (MSK+1 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
363240–363243, 363245, 363246
Dialing code(s)+7 86731
OKTMO ID90605101001

HistoryEdit

The town was established in 1850[2] by Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov, the Viceroy of the Caucasus, near an ancient silver/lead mine in the nearby Alagir Gorge. It was built up as a fortification around a smelting plant and became a major mining center. By the end of the 19th century, it had been increasingly populated by Georgians and Russians who came to work there. During the Russian Civil War, in January 1919, Alagir was a scene of intense fighting, which resulted in heavy casualties in Georgian population and difficult flight of the survivors through the mountainous passes into Georgia. The Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin commented on the incident, blaming "counter-revolutionaries" for atrocities in Alagir,[8] which Georgians tend to attribute to the Ossetian radicals.[9]

Alagir was granted town status in 1938.[citation needed] During World War II, on November 5, 1942, the German III Panzer Corps and Romanian 2nd Mountain Division[10] (under von Kleist) captured the town and held it until it was recovered by the Soviet forces in early January 1943.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Alagir serves as the administrative center of Alagirsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Alagirsky District as Alagir Town Under District Jurisdiction.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Alagir (without the rural localities) is incorporated within Alagirsky Municipal District as Alagirskoye Urban Settlement.[5]

EconomyEdit

The town's economy is still dominated by mining and mineral extraction, but it also has a significant woodworking, canning, and manufacturing industry.

DemographicsEdit

Alagir population
2010 Census20,949[3]
2002 Census21,496[11]
1989 Census21,132[12]
1979 Census19,007[13]

Major ethnic groups comprising the town's population, as of 2002, are:[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

 
The Cathedral of the Assumption (1851) in Alagir

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #34-RZ
  2. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 15. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e Law #11-RZ
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ (in Russian) A.I. Melnin (1973), "Октябрьская революция и гражданская война в Северной Осетии" (The October Revolution and Civil War in North Ossetia), p. 225. Ordzhonikidze: Ir
  9. ^ "Alagir incident (1919)", in: Mikaberidze, Alexander (2007), Historical Dictionary of Georgia, p. 106. Scarecrow Press, ISBN 0-8108-5580-1
  10. ^ http://www.worldwar2.ro/operatii/?article=11
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  12. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  13. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.

SourcesEdit

  • Закон №34-РЗ от 9 июля 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Северная Осетия-Алания», в ред. Закона №44-РЗ от 12 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение к Закону Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Северная Осетия–Алания" и Закон Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об установлении границ муниципального образования Алагирский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Северная Осетия", №148(24949), 16 августа 2007 г. (Law #34-RZ of July 9, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, as amended by the Law #44-RZ of November 12, 2013 On Amending the Appendix to the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania" and the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Alagirsky District, Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, Establishing Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Закон №11-РЗ от 5 марта 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Алагирский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №44-РЗ от 12 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение к Закону Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Северная Осетия–Алания" и Закон Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об установлении границ муниципального образования Алагирский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений"». Вступил в силу с 1 марта 2005 г. Опубликован: "Северная Осетия", №43 (24344), 15 марта 2005 г. (Law #11-RZ of March 5, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Alagirsky District, Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, Establishing Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #44-RZ of November 12, 2013 On Amending the Appendix to the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania" and the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Alagirsky District, Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, Establishing Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure". Effective as of March 1, 2005.).