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Aladdin is a Disney media franchise comprising a film series and additional media. It began with the 1992 American animated feature of the same name, which was based on the tale of the same name, and was directed by Ron Clements and John Musker. The success of the film led to two direct-to-video sequels, a television series (which had a crossover episode with Hercules: The Animated Series), a Broadway musical, a live-action film adaptation, various rides and themed areas in Disney's theme parks, several video games, and merchandise, among other related works. The franchise as a whole has EGOT-ed, meaning it has won the four biggest awards of American show business: the Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony Awards.

Aladdin
Aladdin-logo-2.svg
Created by
Original work
OwnerDisney Enterprises, Inc.
Films and television
Film(s)
Animated seriesAladdin (1994–1995)
Television special(s)"Hercules and the Arabian Night" (1999 episode of Disney's Hercules: The Animated Series)*
Television film(s)Descendants (2015)*
Direct-to-video
Theatrical presentations
Musical(s)
Games
Video game(s)
Audio
Soundtrack(s)Aladdin (1992)
Miscellaneous
Theme park attractions
* Work where this franchise's characters or settings appeared as part of a crossover, or has characters based on those from this franchise.

Contents

Animated filmsEdit

Aladdin (1992)Edit

Aladdin was released in 1992. The 31st Disney animated feature film was directed by John Musker and Ron Clements, and is based on the Arabic folktale of Aladdin and the Magic Lamp from the One Thousand and One Nights.[a] The plot follows street urchin Aladdin as he attempts to gain the affection of Princess Jasmine after acquiring a magic lamp.

The Return of Jafar (1994)Edit

Aladdin was followed by Disney's first direct-to-video sequel, The Return of Jafar in 1994. The plot mainly focused on Jafar seeking revenge on Aladdin. However, this time, with Iago on Aladdin's side, Abis Mal becomes Jafar's new henchman.[4] Now, Aladdin and co. must find a way to thwart Jafar, with his limitless genie power.

Aladdin and the King of Thieves (1996)Edit

In 1996, the second sequel to Aladdin, Aladdin and the King of Thieves was released on video. The story concludes as Aladdin and Jasmine are about to have their wedding and Aladdin discovers that his father is still alive, but is the king of all thieves in Agrabah.[4]

Rejected fourth filmEdit

In 2005, screenwriter Robert Reece, who co-wrote Cinderella III: A Twist in Time and The Little Mermaid: Ariel's Beginning, pitched a fourth Aladdin feature to DisneyToon Studios execs, although it never came to fruition.[5]

Live-action filmsEdit

Aladdin (2019)Edit

On October 10, 2016, Deadline reported that Disney was developing a live-action Aladdin movie, with John August writing the script and Dan Lin producing. The site also reported that Guy Ritchie was in talks to direct the film.[6] Filming began in July 2017 and continued through January 2018.[7][8] On July 15, at the D23 Expo it was announced that Naomi Scott and Will Smith were cast as Princess Jasmine and Genie, respectively, along with newcomer Mena Massoud being cast as Aladdin.[9] The film was released on May 24, 2019.

Genies (TBA)Edit

On July 15, 2015, it was reported that a live-action prequel to the then-upcoming Aladdin (2019) was in development under the title Genies. The new film will reportedly focus on genies and their realm and reveal how Aladdin's genie ended up in the lamp. The film was being written by Damian Shannon and Mark Swift. Tripp Vinson was to serve as a producer through Vinson Films.[10]

TelevisionEdit

AladdinEdit

Shortly after The Return of Jafar, an animated series was produced. The episodes focused on Aladdin's adventures after the events of the second film.[11]

The Aladdin characters later made a crossover with Hercules: The Animated Series,[12] and were featured as guests in the television series House of Mouse and related works to those series—Jafar was the leader of the villains in Mickey's House of Villains.[13]

DescendantsEdit

Descendants is a live-action Disney Channel Original Movie based on the lives of the children of various Disney heroes and villains when they attend the same prep school. Jafar appears in the film as does his son, Jay.

SettingEdit

The setting for the Aladdin franchise is the fictional sultanate of Agrabah. Aladdin was initially intended to be set in the Iraqi city of Baghdad, but after the Gulf War happened, the location of the film was changed to the fictional city of Agrabah.[14]

Cast and charactersEdit

Characters Animated films Television series Video game Live-action film
Aladdin The Return of Jafar Aladdin and the King of Thieves Aladdin Disney's Aladdin in Nasira's Revenge Aladdin
1992 1994 1996 1994–1995 2001 2019
Aladdin Scott Weinger Scott Weinger Scott Weinger Mena Massoud
Brad Kane
(singing voice)
Brad Kane
(singing voice)
Genie
Merchant
Robin Williams Dan Castellaneta Robin Williams Dan Castellaneta Will Smith
Bruce Adler
(singing voice)
Bruce Adler
(singing voice)
Princess Jasmine Linda Larkin Linda Larkin Linda Larkin Naomi Scott
Lea Salonga
(singing voice)
Liz Callaway
(singing voice)
Lea Salonga
(singing voice)
Jafar Jonathan Freeman Silent cameo Jonathan Freeman Marwan Kenzari
The Sultan Douglas Seale Val Bettin Navid Negahban
Abu Frank Welker
Iago Gilbert Gottfried Alan Tudyk
Rajah Frank Welker Silent cameo Frank Welker
Magic Carpet Character is mute
Razoul Jim Cummings Robby Haynes
(uncredited)
Prince Achmed[b] Corey Burton Billy Magnussen
Cave of Wonders Frank Welker Silent cameo Frank Welker
Farouk[c] Jim Cummings Jim Cummings Amir Boutrous
Abis Mal Jason Alexander Jason Alexander
Hakim Frank Welker Corey Burton Frank Welker Numan Acar
Cassim John Rhys-Davies
Merwin Foard
(singing voice)
Sa'luk Jerry Orbach
The Oracle C. C. H. Pounder
Mozenrath Jonathan Brandis
Jeff Bennett
Prince Uncouthma Silent cameo Tino Insana
Merc Dorian Harewood
Sadira Kellie Martin
Mirage Bebe Neuwirth
Amin Damoola Jeff Bennett
Eden Valery Pappas
Mukhtar John Kassir
Phasir Ed Gilbert
Haroud Hazi Bin James Avery
Nasira Jodi Benson
Dalia Nasim Pedrad

CrewEdit

Crew/detail Film
Aladdin The Return of Jafar Aladdin and the King of Thieves Aladdin Genies
1992 1994 1996 2019 TBA
Director(s) Ron Clements
John Musker
Tad Stones
Alan Zaslove
Tad Stones Guy Ritchie
Producer(s) Jeannine Roussel
Tad Stones
Dan Lin
Marc Platt
Tripp Vinson
Screenwriter(s) Ron Clements
John Musker
Ted Elliot
Terry Rossio
Tad Stones
Mark McCorkle
Robert Schooley
Mark McCorkle
Robert Schooley
John August
Guy Ritchie
Damian Shannon & Mark Swift
Composer(s) Alan Menken Mark Watters Carl Johnson
Mark Watters
Alan Menken TBA
Editor(s) Mark A. Hester
H. Lee Peterson
Robert S. Birchard
Elen Orson
Elen Orson James Herbert
Production companies Walt Disney Pictures
Walt Disney Feature Animation
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment
Walt Disney Television Animation
Walt Disney Animation Australia
Walt Disney Animation Japan
Disneytoon Studios
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment
Walt Disney Television Animation
Walt Disney Animation Australia
Disneytoon Studios
Walt Disney Pictures
Lin Pictures
Walt Disney Pictures
Vinson Films
Distributor Buena Vista Pictures Walt Disney Home Video Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures TBA

ReceptionEdit

Box office performanceEdit

Film Release date Box office gross Budget Reference
United States and Canada Other territories Worldwide
Aladdin November 25, 1992 $217,350,219 $286,700,000 $504,050,219 $28,000,000 [15]
Aladdin May 24, 2019 $336,240,714 $629,749,425 $965,990,139 $183,000,000 [16]
Total $553,590,933 $916,449,425 $1,470,040,358 $211,000,000

Home video salesEdit

Film Video release US video sales US sales revenue
(est.)
VHS DVD Blu-ray All formats
Aladdin October 1, 1993 25,000,000[17] 2,820,000[18] 1,807,236[19] 29,627,236 $747,891,827[20][21][19]
The Return of Jafar May 20, 1994 15,000,000[22] ? ? 15,000,000+ $344,850,000[23]
Aladdin and the King of Thieves August 13, 1996 10,300,000[24] ? ? 10,300,000+ $257,397,000[25]
Total 50,300,000 2,820,000+ 1,807,236+ 54,927,236+ $1,350,138,827

Critical and audience responseEdit

Film Year Critics Audiences
Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore PostTrak
Aladdin 1992 94%[26] 86/100[27] A+[28] N/A
The Return of Jafar 1994 33%[29] N/A N/A
Aladdin and the King of Thieves 1996 27%[30]
Aladdin 2019 57%[31] 53/100[32] A[33] 90%[33]

MusicEdit

Video gamesEdit

Along with the film release, three different video games based on Aladdin were released. Disney's Aladdin, an international co-production between Virgin Games and Walt Disney Feature Animation for the Genesis, was released in late 1993 and later ported to Nintendo Entertainment System, PC, Game Boy and Game Boy Color.[34] That same year, Capcom released a Super NES game, also called Disney's Aladdin, which was ported to the Game Boy Advance in 2002.[35][36] In 1994, SIMS released another game called Disney's Aladdin for the Game Gear and Master System.[37]

The television series inspired another game by Argonaut Games, entitled Aladdin: Nasira's Revenge and released in 2000 for the PlayStation and PC.[38] Also, in 2004 Vivendi Universal released Disney's Aladdin Chess Adventures, a chess computer game with the Aladdin license.[39]

The Kingdom Hearts series features a playable Aladdin world known as Agrabah.[40] In Kingdom Hearts and Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories, the plotline is loosely related to the storyline of the original film.[40][41] In Kingdom Hearts II, it is a mixture of Aladdin and The Return of Jafar.[42] Genie is also a recurring summon in the series.[40]

Aladdin, Jasmine, and the Genie appeared in the 2011 motion-controlled game, Kinect: Disneyland Adventures, as meet-and-greet characters. Aladdin was also referenced throughout the Disney Infinity series via power discs and in-game toys, with Aladdin and Jasmine being added to the series as playable characters in the series' second game, Disney Infinity: Marvel Super Heroes.

Disney's Aladdin by Virgin GamesEdit

Disney's Aladdin was developed for the Mega Drive by Virgin Interactive's studio of Virgin Games USA and published by Sega in 1993. This was due to the fact that Sega had both obtained a license for publishing video games based on Disney's motion picture and established a collaboration deal with Disney's animation studios which was a first in the video game industry, so Sega of America tasked the Virgin Games USA development team with the programming duties because of their successful previous efforts with McDonald's Global Gladiators and 7 Up's Cool Spot. The game has been noted for its use of traditional animation, which was produced by Disney animators under the supervision of Virgin's animation staff, including animation producer Andy Luckey, technical director Paul Schmiedeke and animation director Mike Dietz, using an in-house "Digicel" process to compress the data onto the cartridge. The game also featured arrangements and original compositions composed by Donald S. Griffin.[43]

Disney's Aladdin by CapcomEdit

Disney's Aladdin (アラジン, Arajin) was developed for the Super NES and published by Capcom separately from Virgin's version, since Capcom still held Disney licensing rights for Nintendo consoles at the time of the film's release. Although the game is still a side-scrolling platformer, it is significantly different in both presentation and gameplay. Similarly following the movie's storyline, players control Aladdin as he jumps on enemies, vaults off stumps and performs various acrobatic feats to get through levels. Throughout the level, Aladdin can collect apples to throw at enemies and golden scarabs which unlock bonus stages. Throughout each level there are various diamonds (collecting all within a level also unlocking bonus stages), with players able to unlock an extra challenge if they collect 70 red diamonds. The game was later ported to the Game Boy Advance with extra stages, though all the songs based directly on the original movie were replaced with new music, possibly because of copyright reasons. It was also unofficially ported to the NES in 1995 by Hummer Team.

Disney's Aladdin by SIMSEdit

Disney's Aladdin was developed by SIMS and published by Sega, and released in 1994 for the Game Gear worldwide and for the Master System in Europe. Sega went on to produce this game since they already had the necessary intellectual property licensing rights in order to publish the Virgin Interactive game on the Mega Drive/Genesis. The game is also significantly different in gameplay compared to its Mega Drive counterpart. There are three main types of level, chase levels in which Aladdin must outrun enemies while dodging obstacles, exploration levels in which Aladdin must carefully navigate traps and solve puzzles, similar to Prince of Persia, and carpet levels in which Aladdin rides his flying carpet. It also, unlike its 16-bit counterparts, fairly closely follow the plot of the movie, even including cut scenes containing entire dialogue scenes from the movie.

Aladdin the Series: Tower of Gold AdventureEdit

Aladdin the Series: Tower of Gold Adventure is a Portable game released for Handeld Electronic Game was Developed and Published by Tiger Electronic on 1994 in United States. It is based on television series of the same name.

Disney's Aladdin Activity CenterEdit

Disney's Aladdin Activity Center is part of the Disney's Activity Center series.

Disney's Aladdin Print StudioEdit

Disney's Aladdin Print Studio is part of the Disney's Print Studio series.

Disney's Aladdin in Nasira's RevengeEdit

Disney's Aladdin in Nasira's Revenge is the Aladdin franchise video game which was developed for the PlayStation and PC by Argonaut Games and distributed by Disney Interactive in 2001. The game is set after the events of The Return of Jafar, during the television series, and before Aladdin and the King of Thieves. The legendary city of Agrabah is in trouble again: the evil sorceress Nasira (Jodi Benson) is out to avenge the death of her brother, the nefarious sorcerer Jafar (Jonathan Freeman). She begins her vengeful plot by taking over the palace with a spell and kidnapping Princess Jasmine (Linda Larkin) and the Sultan; she then commands the guard's captain Razoul (Jim Cummings) to bring Aladdin (Scott Weinger) to her. The treacherous Nasira believes that if she collects a set of ancient relics that are spread all over Agrabah she might be able to revive Jafar and take over the world, and so she uses her captives to force Aladdin into doing this job for her.

Critical receptionEdit

Game Platform Developer Year GameRankings Metacritic
Disney's Aladdin Sega Mega Drive (Genesis) Virgin Games 1993 88%[44] N/A
Disney's Aladdin Super Nintendo Entertainment System Capcom 1993 78%[45]
Disney's Aladdin in Nasira's Revenge Sony PlayStation Argonaut Games 2001 65%[46] 61/100[47]
Disney's Aladdin Game Boy Advance Capcom 2004 65%[48] 59/100[49]

AdaptationsEdit

Musical theatreEdit

In November 2010 Alan Menken confirmed that a musical theatre adaptation of the show is in the works with a book written by Chad Beguelin.[50] The show premiered at the 5th Avenue Theatre from July 7–31, 2011.[51] Jonathan Freeman, who voiced Jafar in the film, played the role in the stage adaptation.[52] Adam Jacobs and Courtney Reed played Aladdin and Jasmine. Additional actors included Seán G. Griffin as the Sultan; Don Darryl Rivera as Iago; and, playing Omar, Babkak, and Kassim – a trio of characters originally conceived by the film's creators but not used – Andrew Keenan-Bolger, Brian Gonzales, and Brandon O'Neill. The show was also directed and choreographed by Casey Nicholaw.[53] Another production of the musical played at the Muny Theatre in St. Louis from July 5–13, 2012.[54][55] The musical premiered on Broadway on February 26, 2014 (in previews) and officially opened on March 20, 2014 at the New Amsterdam Theatre, taking the place of Mary Poppins.[56][57] The musical had a pre-Broadway tryout at the Ed Mirvish Theatre in Toronto lasting from November 13, 2013 to January 12, 2014.[58] Casey Nicholaw directed and choreographed, with Chad Beguelin writing the book and additional lyrics, Bob Crowley as the scene designer, and costume design by Gregg Barnes.[58][59] Aladdin the musical was also opened at Tokyo's Dentsu Shiki Theatre Umi in May 2015. It had its European premiere in December 2015 at the Stage Theatre Neue Flora in Hamburg. It opened in Sydney and London's West End in 2016.[60][61]

In addition, a stage adaptation of the movie has been created for younger students, known as Disney's Aladdin Jr. Licensing and performing rights are currently being held by Music Theatre International.[62] MTI licenses both a "Kids" version (which uses doubling to foster more of an ensemble feeling among young children)[63] and a "Dual Language" version (which takes the Junior version and adds an element of half the characters speaking only in Spanish).[64]

NovelsEdit

In 2015 Disney Press launched a young adult novel series that retells Disney films but with certain elements changed. The first novel in the series is A Whole New World: A Twisted Tale, written by Liz Braswell, which retells the film but with Jafar gaining control of the genie before Aladdin does.[65]

AttractionsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Aladdin and the Magic Lamp was originally authored by Hanna Diyab,[1][2] and was added to the One Thousand and One Nights by Antoine Galland, appearing in his French translation Les mille et une nuits.[3]
  2. ^ In the original animated film version of Aladdin, the Prince who attempts to marry Princess Jasmine is known as Prince Achmed. In the live-action remake, the character is renamed to Prince Anders.
  3. ^ In the original animated film version of Aladdin, the Merchant who causes Aladdin and Jasmine to meet is known as Farouk. In the live-action remake, the character is renamed to Jamal and is instead involved with the meetup of Aladdin and Dalia.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arafat A. Razzaque, 'Who “wrote” Aladdin? The Forgotten Syrian Storyteller', Ajam Media Collective (14 September 2017).
  2. ^ Horta, Paulo Lemos (2018). Aladdin: A New Translation. Liveright Publishing. pp. 8–10. ISBN 9781631495175. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  3. ^ Nun, Katalin; Stewart, Dr Jon (2014). Volume 16, Tome I: Kierkegaard's Literary Figures and Motifs: Agamemnon to Guadalquivir. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 31.
  4. ^ a b "Aladdin II & III Collection DVD Review". Ultimate Disney. Archived from the original on August 5, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  5. ^ Armstrong, Josh (April 22, 2013). "From Snow Queen to Pinocchio II: Robert Reece's animated adventures in screenwriting". Animated Views. Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
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  8. ^ "Disney's Live-Action Aladdin Has Wrapped Production". Comingsoon.net. January 24, 2018. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  9. ^ Knapp, JD (July 15, 2017). "'Aladdin': Disney Casts Will Smith, Mena Massoud, Naomi Scott". Variety. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
  10. ^ Kit, Borys (July 16, 2015). "'Aladdin' Live-Action Prequel in the Works at Disney (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
  11. ^ Stewart, Susan (November 25, 1994). "Screen Test". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 25, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  12. ^ "Hercules and the Arabian Night". Hercules: The Animated Series. Season 2. February 10, 1999. ABC. Hercules and the Arabian Night – Transcript.
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  27. ^ "Aladdin (1992)". Metacritic. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  28. ^ "CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  29. ^ "The Return of Jafar (1994)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  30. ^ "Aladdin and the King of Thieves (1996)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  31. ^ "Aladdin (2019)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  32. ^ "Aladdin (2019)". Metacritic. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
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  41. ^ Hollinger, Elizabeth (2004). Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories Official Strategy Guide. BradyGames Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7440-0473-1.
  42. ^ Hollinger, Elizabeth (2006). Kingdom Hearts II Official Strategy Guide. BradyGames Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7440-0526-4.
  43. ^ Horowitz, Ken: Interview with Dr. Stephen Clarke-Willson[dead link] Accessed February 12, 2008
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  45. ^ "Disney's Aladdin for Super Nintendo". GameRankings. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  46. ^ "Disney's Aladdin in Nasira's Revenge for PlayStation". GameRankings. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
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  48. ^ "Disney's Aladdin for Game Boy Advance". GameRankings. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  49. ^ "Disney's Aladdin for Game Boy Advance Reviews". Metacritic. January 14, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
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  58. ^ a b Breaking News: Disney's ALADDIN to Play Pre-Broadway Tryout in Toronto Starting November 2013; Broadway Spring 2014 Retrieved January 22, 2013
  59. ^ "Disney's 'Aladdin' Will Play Toronto This Fall Prior to 2014 Broadway Premiere" Archived February 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Playbill.com, Retrieved January 22, 2013
  60. ^ "Aladdin Will Take a Magic Carpet Ride to Australia". Playbill. October 15, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2015.
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