Alabaster, Alabama

Alabaster is a city and southern suburb of Birmingham in Shelby County, Alabama, United States. At the 2020 census, the population was 33,284. Alabaster is the 16th largest city in Alabama by number of residents.[2]

Alabaster, Alabama
Downtown Alabaster, 2012
Downtown Alabaster, 2012
Location of Alabaster in Shelby County, Alabama.
Location of Alabaster in Shelby County, Alabama.
Alabaster is located in Alabama
Location of Alabaster in Shelby County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 33°13′52″N 86°49′25″W / 33.23111°N 86.82361°W / 33.23111; -86.82361
CountryUnited States
 • MayorScott Brakefield
 • Total25.68 sq mi (66.50 km2)
 • Land25.36 sq mi (65.69 km2)
 • Water0.31 sq mi (0.81 km2)
502 ft (153 m)
 • Total33,284
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35007, 35114
Area codes205, 659
FIPS code01-00820


Alabaster is located at 33°13′52″N 86°49′26″W / 33.23111°N 86.82389°W / 33.23111; -86.82389 (33.231162, −86.823829).[3]

Alabaster mostly occupies the Cahaba and Opossum valleys, which are divided by the Pine Ridge that runs north to south. To the east and west, both valleys are flanked by parallel mountain ridges that locally run north to south, but are a part of a larger system of ridges that generally runs north-east to south-west (the tailing ends of the Appalachian foothills). The valleys are drained by small creeks (Buck Creek, Beaverdam Creek) that flow into the Cahaba River.[4]

Access to the city from major highways is found from U.S. Route 31, which runs through the city, and via I-65 exit 238. Downtown Birmingham is 23 mi (37 km) north, and Montgomery is 69 mi (111 km) south, both via US-31 or I-65.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53 km2), of which 20.5 square miles (53 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.24%) is water.


George L. Scott, Sr., an Alabaster pioneer, owned and operated Alabaster Lime Co., which mined this mineral. His shipping point was known as “Scott Rock.” Later, worker housing was built to accommodate some of the mine employees. The community was named Alabaster after the "white calcium carbonate mineral."

The First Bank of Alabaster opened in 1952, and its president was George L. Scott, Jr., who later was elected as the first mayor of Alabaster. The first attempt in 1952 to incorporate Alabaster failed. In January 1953, the petition was again filed, and on February 23, 1953, Alabaster was officially incorporated, with a favorable vote of 79 to 23, and 427 residing inhabitants. In 1955, the Alabaster Water and Gas Board was formed.[5]

In 2015, the city announced that it was considering options to expand the area commonly known as the "Main Street Medical Mile" along Highway 31. The plans include not just expansion of medical facilities, but a civic center and different retail locations.[6]

Additionally, it was announced in 2017 that a 350,000 square feet retail complex would be built at the corner of Highway 31 and Interstate 65. The new complex, currently named District 31, was slated to open in 2019,[7] but as of 2020, the complex remains under construction.


City of Alabaster (1960-)Edit

Alabaster first appeared on the 1960 U.S. Census as an incorporated city.[8]

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 Census dataEdit

As of the census of 2010, there were 30,352 people, 11,016 households, and 6,482 families residing in the city [9]. The population density was 1,104.8 people per square mile (426.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.2% White, 15.0% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 4.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,016 households, out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $64,411, and the median income for a family was $78,940. The per capita income for the city was $22,466. About 4.3% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

2020 Census dataEdit

Alabaster Racial Composition[10]
Race Num. Perc.
White 21,791 65.47%
Black or African American 5,300 15.92%
Native American 63 0.19%
Asian 394 1.18%
Pacific Islander 20 0.06%
Other/Mixed 1,500 4.51%
Hispanic or Latino 4,216 12.67%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 33,284 people, 11,568 households, and 8,667 families residing in the city.

Alabaster-Helena Census Division (1980-)Edit

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

The Alabaster-Helena Census Division was created in 1980 through the merger of the former Helena Division and Siluria Divisions.[12] It includes portions of Alabaster, Birmingham (Shelby County portion), Brantleyville, Calera, Chelsea, Helena, Hoover, Indian Springs Village, Meadowbrook, Montevallo, Pelham and Vestavia Hills.[13]


The government consists of a mayor, who is elected at-large, and a seven-member city council. Each member is elected from a single-member district, called a ward, of roughly equal population.

The Mayor and City Council are elected every four years. The most recent election was held in 2020.

The current City Council Members are: Sophie Martin, Rick Ellis, Stacy Rakestraw, Greg Farrell, Jamie Cole, Seth Gandy, and Kerri Pate.

Alabaster Fire Department ISO Class 2 rated. Consisting of 3 Firehouses with 61 Full Time Firefighters.

Alabaster Firehouse #1 Located at 890 1st Avenue West.

Alabaster Firehouse #2 Located at 950 Butler Road.

Alabaster Firehouse #3 Located at 910 1st Street South (US 31 South)


On 1 July 2013, the Alabaster City Schools System officially separated from the Shelby County Schools system, and now operates the public schools in the city.[14] Private school K-12 education is also available.



  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ "Alabama Cities by Population". Alabama-Demographics. Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2020. 16: Alabaster, 33,340
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Archived from the original on May 27, 2002. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ United States Geological Survey (August 14, 2015). Alabaster, AL quadrangle (Topographic map). Reston, VA: United States Geological Survey. Retrieved August 14, 2015 – via TopoQuest.
  5. ^ Alabaster merged with the adjoining city of Siluria, Alabama on April 27, 1971. "History of Shelby County" Archived May 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ALGenWeb: Shelby County. Retrieved on 2008-05-21.
  6. ^ "Alabaster exploring ideas for growth, development". al. May 1, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  7. ^ Poe, Kelly (September 13, 2017). "350,000-SF mixed use development coming to Alabaster". al. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  8. ^ "Number of Inhabitants" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  12. ^ "1980 Census of Population" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on January 25, 2020. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
  13. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 2, 2019. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
  14. ^ Reed, Martin J. (July 2, 2013). "Alabaster school district celebrates independence from Shelby County". Archived from the original on January 25, 2020. Retrieved January 25, 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 33°13′52″N 86°49′26″W / 33.231162°N 86.823829°W / 33.231162; -86.823829