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U.S. Route 278 in Alabama

  (Redirected from Alabama State Route 74)

U.S. Route 278 (US 278), mostly internally designated by the Alabama Department of Transportation as State Route 74 (SR 74), is a major east–west U.S. highway across the northern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. West of Hamilton, SR 74 continues west to end at US 78 (unsigned SR 4), while US 278 turns south along US 43/SR 17/SR 171 to Guin, where it turns west along SR 118 to the Mississippi state line.

U.S. Route 278 marker

U.S. Route 278
State Route 74
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 78
Maintained by ALDOT
Length199.182 mi[1] (320.552 km)
Major junctions
West end US 278 towards Amory, Mississippi and Tupelo, Mississippi
 
East end US 278 towards Cedartown, Georgia and Atlanta, Georgia
Location
CountiesLamar, Marion, Winston, Cullman, Blount, Etowah, Calhoun, Cherokee, Cleburne
Highway system
  • Alabama Highways
SR 277US 278SR 279
SR 73SR 74SR 75

Route descriptionEdit

US 278 enters Alabama near Sulligent. After passing through the city, the route continues on a winding path until it reaches Guin, where it turns north and gains US 43. It then junctions with I-22/US 78. It eventually reaches Hamilton, where it junctions with SR 17 and turns off of US 43's right of way.

It continues on a curvy path until it reaches Natural Bridge, where it junctions with SR 5 and SR 13. It continues onward and enters the William B. Bankhead National Forest, where Double Springs lies. It junctions with SR 33 and SR 195. It continues onward, passing through Houston (AL). It then exits the National Forest and enters Addison, which is home to its junction with CR 41, which is a corridor connecting Jasper, Arley, Danville, and Decatur. It passes through much less hilly terrain and crosses the county line into Cullman County.

The route passes through slightly curvy terrain until its junction with I-65. It enters the city of Cullman and junctions with US 31 and SR 69. It continues east for about one mile from its second junction with SR 69 and junctions with SR 157. It continues east and eventually enters Holly Pond, which is home to its junction with SR 91. It continues onto Blount County.

It eventually junctions with US 231, which leads to SR 67 to the north and SR 79 south to the south in Cleveland. The main junction here is in Blountsville. The route continues through hilly terrain to SR 79 itself. It passes through hilly terrain to Snead, which is home to its junction with SR 75. It continues onward through hilly terrain to the county line to Etowah County.

The route is mostly hilly with three-lane stretches at points due to the steep uphills along the route, specifically eastbound. It reaches Altoona, where it junctions with SR 132. It continues to Ivalee, which is home to its junction with SR 179 and is also home to the Mountain Top Flea Market, among the biggest flea markets in the state. It almost immediately descends down a hill into Ridgeville, which is home to its junction with SR 77. It passes through a slight ridge cut and crosses a railroad line, where it junctions with Gallant Road at a fork and then junctions with US 431, which is a four-lane divided highway. The route joins US 431 into Attalla, which is home to its notable concurrency with US 11. US 278 and US 431 leave US 11, cross below a railroad track, and enter into Gadsden. It immediately junctions with I-59 and heads into town, where it junctions with SR 211, US 411, and George Wallace Drive, which leads to I-759. It leaves the city and finally splits off from US 431.

The route passes through Hokes Bluff on its way to Piedmont. In Piedmont, the route junctions SR 21. It then turns off of its right of way, the right-of-way becoming Nances Creek Indian Boulevard.

The route has no more major junctions at this point as it crosses through Cherokee County. It passes through highly hilly terrain and crosses into Cleburne County. It then crosses into Georgia at Esom Hill, Georgia, continuing on its way to Cedartown.

HistoryEdit

During the 1960s–1980s, there were some different variations of the routing of US 278 through the cities of Gadsden and Attalla, however construction of four-lane segments on the western side of Gadsden and in Attalla allowed the highway to be placed on its current route which has been in place since the mid-1980s.

 

 

U.S. Route 278 Business
LocationPiedmont
Existed?–1980s

Until the mid-1980s, a US 278 Business (US 278 Bus.) existed in the city of Piedmont. US 278 is carried on a four-lane segment that bypasses the center of Piedmont. US 278 Bus. began where the four-lane segment began on the northeast side of Piedmont, then traveled southwest into the center of the city and intersected SR 9 and then traveled to the north, concurrent with SR 9 until it intersected the four-lane US 278 on the northern edge of the city.

FutureEdit

A four-laning project is ongoing east of Gadsden near the town of Hokes Bluff.

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
Lamar0.0000.000   US 278 west / SR 118 begins – TupeloContinuation into Mississippi; western end of SR 118 concurrency
Sulligent5.7419.239  SR 17 – Vernon, Hamilton
MarionGuin17.78528.622  SR 142 eastWestern terminus of SR 142
19.40831.234  SR 107 south – FayetteNorthern terminus of SR 107
19.69231.691     US 43 south / SR 118 west / SR 171 south (11th Avenue East) / SR 142 west (11th Avenue West) – WinfieldSouthern end of US 43 and SR 171 concurrencies; eastern end of SR 118 concurrency
Hamilton28.05445.149   I-22 / US 78 (SR 4) – Tupelo, BirminghamI-22/US 78 exit 16
32.81152.804   SR 17 south / SR 171 ends – VernonSouthern end of SR 17 concurrency; northern end of SR 171 concurrency
33.16353.371    US 43 north / SR 17 north (Military Street North) / SR 74 west (Bexar Avenue West) – HackleburgNorthern end of US 43 and SR 17 concurrencies; western end of SR 74 concurrency
43.48669.984  SR 253 – Hackleburg, Winfield
47.78176.896   SR 241 north to SR 129 – Phil CampbellSouthern terminus of SR 241
48.34277.799  SR 129 – Haleyville, Brilliant, Fayette
WinstonNatural Bridge56.40290.770  SR 13 south – TuscaloosaWestern end of SR 13 concurrency
56.85791.502   SR 5 south / SR 13 north – Russellville, JasperEastern end of SR 13 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 5
Double Springs69.277111.491  SR 195 north – HaleyvilleWestern end of SR 195 concurrency
69.742112.239   SR 33 north / SR 195 south – Double Springs, MoultonEastern end of SR 195 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 33
CullmanCullman105.738170.169  I-65 – Birmingham, HuntsvilleI-65 exit 308
107.674173.285   US 31 (SR 3 / 2nd Avenue SW) / SR 69Western end of SR 69 concurrency
110.736178.212  SR 69 north – Arab, GuntersvilleEastern end of SR 69 concurrency
111.173178.916   SR 157 north / CR 719 south – Moulton, Muscle Shoals, FlorenceSouthern terminus of SR 157
Holly Pond120.978194.695  SR 91 south – Hanceville, Garden CityNorthern terminus of SR 91
Blount126.822204.100  US 231 (SR 53) – Arab, Birmingham
Brooksville129.322208.124  SR 79 – Guntersville, Birmingham
Snead134.880217.068  SR 75 – Albertville, Oneonta
Etowah146.360235.544  SR 132 west – Altoona, OneontaEastern terminus of SR 132
148.539239.050  SR 179 northSouthern terminus of SR 179
Attalla152.840245.972  SR 77 – Albertville, Lincoln
153.338246.774  US 431 north (SR 1) – Albertville, Guntersville, HuntsvilleWestern end of US 431 concurrency
155.253249.855  US 11 south (SR 7 / 3rd Street SW)Western end of US 11 concurrency
155.585250.390  US 11 north (SR 7 / 3rd Street NW)Eastern end of US 11 concurrency
156.428251.746  I-59 – Birmingham, ChattanoogaI-59 exit 183
Gadsden159.707257.024  SR 211 north (Noccalula Road)Southern terminus of SR 211
161.182259.397  US 411 (SR 25 / Albert Rains Boulevard) – Centre, Rainbow City, AshvilleInterchange
161.469259.859   SR 291 south (Hood Avenue) to I-759Northern terminus of SR 291
163.243262.714  US 431 south (SR 1 / East Meighan Boulevard) – AnnistonEastern end of US 431 concurrency
CalhounPiedmont184.081296.250  SR 21 south (Tom Bible Memorial Highway) – Jacksonville, AnnistonNorthern terminus of SR 21
184.605297.093  SR 9 south (N. Main Street)Western end of SR 9 concurrency
184.693297.235  SR 9 north – CentreEastern end of SR 9 concurrency
Cherokee
No major junctions
Cleburne199.182320.552   US 278 east / SR 6 east – AtlantaContinuation into Georgia
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b "Milepost Maps". Alabama Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 21, 2015.


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