Alabama A&M University
Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University (often called Alabama A&M, formerly the State Normal and Industrial School of Huntsville and State Agricultural and Mechanical Institute for Negroes) is a public, historically black, land-grant university located in Normal, a neighborhood of Huntsville, Alabama, United States. AAMU is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund and has been accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Founded in the 1870s as a normal school, it took its present name in 1969. Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University Historic District, also known as Normal Hill College Historic District, has 28 buildings and four structures listed in the United States National Register of Historic Places.
|Motto||Service is Sovereignty|
|President||Andrew Hugine, Jr.|
|Students||6001 (Fall 2018)|
|Postgraduates||963 (Fall 2018)|
|Campus||Suburban, 880 acres (3.6 km2)|
|Colors||Maroon and White|
|Athletics||NCAA Division I FCS|
Southwestern Athletic Conference
|Nickname||Bulldogs and Lady Bulldogs|
|Sports||15 Varsity sports|
Alabama A&M University Historic District
AAMU Residence Hall and Student Wellness Center, 2018
|Area||291 acres (118 ha)|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival, Modern Movement|
|NRHP reference #||01001407|
|Added to NRHP||December 31, 2001|
|Designated ARLH||August 25, 1994|
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academics
- 4 Student life
- 5 Athletics
- 6 Alumni and other notable people
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Teacher and schoolmaster William Hooper Councill won approval for his plan for the Huntsville State Normal School for Negroes, established by an act of the Alabama State Legislature in 1875. The school opened on May 1, 1875, at a church on Eustis Street, with instruction for 61 teaching students overseen by Principal Councill, assisted by Rev. Alfred Hunt. By 1878, the state appropriation increased from $1,000 to $2,000 and the school expanded its enrollment and curriculum.
In 1881, the faculty pooled money from their salaries to purchase two and a half acres (1.0 ha) on West Clinton Street. In 1885 the school, now with around 180 students, changes its name to State Normal and Industrial School of Huntsville, after the earlier addition of programs for sewing, printing, carpentry, mattress making and gardening. By 1890, the school site became known as Normal, Alabama, and a post office was established. In 1891, the school was designated as a land-grant college through legislative enactment under the terms of the Morrill Act of 1890. In 1896, its name was changed to The State Agricultural and Mechanical College for Negroes. In 1919, the school became the State Agricultural and Mechanical Institute for Negroes. In 1948 it was renamed the Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College. AAMU became fully accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools in 1963. In June 1969, the school adopted its current name.
The new millennium saw the construction of the West Campus Complex, the erection of the 21,000-seat Louis Crews Stadium, the renovations of buildings and the moving of athletic programs to the Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC). The School of Engineering and Technology facility was built in 2002, and the Ph.D. program in Reading and Literacy was established. Andrew Hugine was approved by the Board of Trustees as the 11th president on June 18, 2009. In 2015, the Board of Trustees approved out-of-state scholarships for the Fall 2016 semester. The scholarships are contingent on prospective students meeting various academic qualifications.
The campus grounds were designed by the Olmsted Brothers firm. The J.F. Drake Memorial Learning Resources Center was renovated in 2002, adding over 15,000 square feet (1,400 m²), an interactive Distance Learning Auditorium, conference, study and class rooms, lounges, and computer lab. The State Black Archives Research Center and Museum is located in the James H. Wilson Building, a national registered historical structure. Louis Crews Stadium is the sixth largest stadium in Alabama. Elmore Gymnasium is home to the basketball teams, and was once rated as one of the toughest places for opponents to play. In 1994, the Mamie Foster Student Living/Learning Complex was erected. Groundbreaking was held for the School of Business facility in 1995 and Louis Crews Stadium and Ernest L. Knight Complex Residence Hall construction began. The Engineering and Technology building known as Bond Hall was completed in 2002 and opened for classes in January 2003. The Normal Historic Preservation Association was incorporated on April 15, 2009, to help preserve and protect the Alabama A&M University National Historic District. The campus is served by the Bulldog Transit Shuttle bus system. A new 600-bed residence hall was constructed and opened for students January 2018, and construction planning of a new Event Center was approved by the Board of Trustees in September 2019.
- 41 Baccalaureate, 23 Master's, one EdS and four doctoral degrees offered.
- Degrees conferred: BA, BGS, BS, BSCE, BSEE, BSET, BSME, EdS, MBA, MEd, MEng, MS, MSW, MURP, PhD.
- Honors Program available for academically exceptional undergraduate students.
Colleges and schoolsEdit
- College of Agricultural, Life and Natural Sciences
- College of Business and Public Affairs
- College of Education, Humanities, and Behavioral Sciences
- College of Engineering, Technology and Physical Sciences
- School of Graduate Studies
- 20:1 student-faculty ratio
- Fewer than 40 students in 86 percent of courses
- 348 faculty members across all undergraduate, graduate and professional programs
- From 44 states and 11 foreign countries
- 6,108 students, 1,521 first time freshmen; 3.01 average GPA (Fall 2018).
- 42 percent first-time college students
- Middle 50th percentile on ACT: 17–18
- 93 student clubs and organizations
- 75 percent student participation in community service projects
National Space Science and Technology CenterEdit
The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC) is a joint research venture between NASA, Alabama A&M and six other research universities of the state of Alabama, represented by the Space Science and Technology Alliance. The aim of the NSSTC is to foster collaboration in research between government, academia, and industry.
Alabama Cooperative Extension SystemEdit
The Smith-Lever Act of 1914 established The Alabama Cooperative Extension System. The system provides educational outreach to the citizens of Alabama on behalf of the state's two land grant universities: Alabama A&M University and Auburn University. The system employs more than 800 faculty, professional educators, and staff members operating in offices in each of Alabama's 67 counties and in nine urban centers covering the major regions of the state. In conjunction with the Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, the system also staffs six extension and research centers located in the state's principal geographic regions. Since 2004, "Alabama Extension" has functioned primarily as a regionally based system in which the bulk of educational programming is delivered by agents operating across a multi-county area and specializing in specific fields. County extension coordinators and county agents work with regional agents and other extension personnel to deliver services to clients within their areas.
The Office of Student Activities and Leadership Development (OSALD) provides services, programs and co-curricular experiences that provide students with opportunities to develop skills, improve leadership competencies, and enrich their college experience. OSALD has oversight of and provides assistance to several student-led organizations:
- Programs and Activities Council
- Student Government Association
- National Pan-Hellenic Council
- Social Greek Council
- Student Publications
Other student organizationsEdit
Alabama A&M University ChoirEdit
The Alabama A&M University Choir became the first HBCU choir to be invited to attend the American Choral Festival in Germany. On Thursday, January 21, 2010, the choir performed a historical concert at the Alabama Music Educators Association (AMEA) Annual Conference. This was a historical event because the choir was the first HBCU Choir in the state to perform at that conference. In 2014, the choir was invited by the Distinguished Concerts International of New York (DCINY)to be presented in concert at the Lincoln Center in New York, NY.
Alabama A&M's sports teams participate in NCAA Division I (Football Championship Subdivision, formerly I-AA for football) in the Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC). Alabama A&M's colors are maroon and white and their mascot is the Bulldog. The Alabama A&M Department of Athletics sponsors men's intercollegiate basketball, football, baseball, cross country, golf, tennis and track & field along with women's intercollegiate tennis, basketball, soccer, track, cross country, bowling, volleyball and softball. Also offered are men's and women's swimming clubs. The football team's home games are played at Louis Crews Stadium. Both men's and women's basketball home games are played in Elmore Gymnasium, affectionately known by fans as "The Dog House." Prior to joining the SWAC, Alabama A&M competed in the NCAA Division II Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference from 1941 to 1998. While in the SIAC, Alabama A&M won 11 conference championships in women's volleyball, seven conference championships in football, seven in cross-country, nine in men's basketball, two in women's basketball, and two in baseball.
Notable athletes include Pro Football Hall of Famer and 4-time Super Bowl Champion John Stallworth, NFL Pro Bowler and Super Bowl Champion Robert Mathis, two-time NFL Pro Bowler Howard Ballard, Olympic Gold Medalist Jearl Miles Clark, Andre Brick Haley, Desmond Cambridge, Obie Trotter, and Mickell Gladness. Cambridge currently holds the NCAA single season steals record. Trotter is 4th all-time single season steals, and Gladness is 2nd all-time in blocks in a season. Gladness set an NCAA Division I single game record with 16 blocks against Texas Southern on February 24, 2007. No other player in Division I history has even recorded 15 blocks in a single game.
Alabama A&M University is the licensee for National Public Radio affiliate station WJAB 90.9, which operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week on campus. WJAB airs various public affairs programming, as well as live coverage of Bulldog athletic events.
Alumni and other notable peopleEdit
Joseph Lowery American minister in the United Methodist Church and leader in the Civil Rights Movement. Robert Mathis Retired Indianapolis Colts Defensive End Jearl Miles-Clark Olympic Gold Medalist Ruben Studdard, Contemporary R&B, pop and gospel music singer Don Calloway Attorney and politician from St. Louis, Missouri. Missouri House of Representatives for the 71st District in St. Louis County Frank Kearse NFL Defensive Lineman
- List of land-grant universities
- List of forestry universities and colleges
- List of agricultural universities and colleges
- List of engineering schools
- List of systems engineering universities
- List of business schools in the United States
- Alabama Cooperative Extension System
- Magic City Classic
- WJAB 90.9 FM Radio
- "Alabama Space Grant Consortium" (PDF).
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage". Alabama Historical Commission. www.preserveala.org. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- "Results". Commission on Colleges. Archived from the original on 2005-12-11. Retrieved 2011-01-06.
- "What are Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)?". Department of the Interior. Archived from the original on 2005-12-10. Retrieved 2011-01-06.
- "VII. Narrative", Alabama Agricultural and Mechanic University Historic District (PDF), National Register Of Historic Places Continuation Sheet, National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior
- "Home". Aamu.edu. 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2016-06-10.
- "Alabama A&M University sees increase in enrollment". WZDX. 2018-09-26. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
- "2004 Highlights," Alabama Cooperative Extension System.
- "2003 Annual Report," Alabama Cooperative Extension System
- "You searched for Centers.html". Alabama Cooperative Extension System.
- "A&M to drop men's soccer program". Alabama A&M Athletics. 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2016-06-10.
- "Mickell Gladness" (PDF). www.nba.com. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Consulting, Fine Line Websites & IT. "The Draft Review". The Draft Review.
- "WJAB - Your Smooth Jazz and Cool Vocals station. Powered by Alabama A&M University". www.wjab.org.
- Morrison, Richard David. History of Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University: 1875–1992. Huntsville, Ala. : Liberal Arts Press, c1994.
- "Results". Archived from the original on 2005-12-11. Retrieved 23 November 2005.
- "Historically Black Colleges and Universities". Archived from the original on 2005-12-10. Retrieved 23 November 2005.
- "WJAB Jazz & Blues!!". Archived from the original on 8 November 2005. Retrieved 23 November 2005.
- Saintjones, Jerome. (2011) Normal Index Online. Alabama A&M University. Normal, AL.