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Ala ad-Din Tekish (Persian: علاء الدين تكش; full name: Ala ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Abul Muzaffar Tekish ibn Il-Arslan) or Tekesh or Takesh was the Shah of Khwarezmian Empire from 1172 to 1200. He was the son of Il-Arslan. His rule was contested by his brother, Sultan Shah, who held a principality in Khorasan. Tekish inherited Sultan Shah's state after he died in 1193. In Turkic the name Tekish means he who strikes in battle.[1]

Tekish
KonyeUrgenchMausoleum.jpg
Tekish's mausoleum
Shah of the Khwarazmian Empire
Reign1172 – 1200
Coronation1172
PredecessorIl-Arslan
SuccessorMuhammad II
RegentTerken Khatun
Born?
Died1200
SpouseTerken Khatun
Inanj Khatun
Fulana Khatun
IssueAla ad-Din Muhammad
Taj ad-Din Ali-Shah
Yunus-Khan
Toghan-Toghdi
Malik-Shah
Princess Shah-Khatun
Full name
Laqab: Ala ad-Din (shortly)
Kunya: Abul-Muzaffar
Given name: Tekish
HouseHouse of Anushtegin
FatherIl-Arslan
MotherTerken Khatun
ReligionSunni Islam

In 1194 Tekish defeated the Seljuq sultan of Hamadan, Toghrul III, in an alliance with Caliph Al-Nasir, and conquered his territories. After the war, he broke with the Caliphate and was on the brink of a war with it until the Caliph accepted him as Sultan of Iraq, Khorasan, and Turkestan in 1198.

He died of a peritonsillar abscess in 1200[2] and was succeeded by his son, Ala ad-Din Muhammad.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "TEKIŠ B. IL ARSLĀN" Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 30 August 2014
  2. ^ Juvaini, Ala-ad-Din Ata-Malik, History of the World Conqueror, Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1997. p. 314.

SourcesEdit

  • Bosworth, C. E. (1968). "The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (A.D. 1000–1217)". In Frye, R. N. (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5: The Saljuq and Mongol periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–202. ISBN 0-521-06936-X.


Preceded by
Il-Arslan
Shah of the Khwarezmian Empire
1172–1200
Succeeded by
Muhammad II