Al Maktoum

The Al Maktoum (Arabic: آلمكتومĀl Maktūm, House of Maktoum) family is the ruling royal family of the Emirate of Dubai, and one of the six ruling families of the United Arab Emirates. The family is a branch of the Bani Yas clan (a lineage the family shares with the Al Nahyan dynasty of Abu Dhabi). The Al Maktoum family descends from the Al Bu Falasah (now known as Al-Falasi) section of the Bani Yas, a tribal federation that was the dominant power throughout most of what is now the United Arab Emirates.


In 1833, about 800 members of the Bani Yas tribe, under the leadership of Maktoum bin Butti, took over the emirate of Dubai and established the Al Maktoum dynasty in the emirate.[1][2] The Al Maktoum dynasty has ruled Dubai since 1833. Within the federation of the United Arab Emirates, a member of the Dubai ruling family is also de facto always the country's Vice President, Prime Minister and Defence Minister.

Simplified family tree showing the line of succession and dates in power - click to enlarge

The following Al Maktoum family members have ruled Dubai:[1]


The Al Maktoum family owns Godolphin, one of the premier thoroughbred studs.[3]


It has been alleged that abuse and torture are carried out within the family.[4]

Shamsa bint Mohammed Al Maktoum has alleged that she was kidnapped off the streets of Cambridge by her father Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum’s men. Latifa bint Mohammed Al Maktoum has also alleged that she was kidnapped and tortured on the orders of her father. The actions taken against the princesses was allegedly motivated by a desire to protect the reputation of the Al Maktoum family.[5]

On 29 June 2019, The Sun reported that the wife of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum, Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, had fled Dubai and was in Germany seeking political asylum along with her children, a son and a daughter.[6][7][8] The cause of the departure was unknown,[9] despite a poem alluding to betrayal.[9][10] On 30 July 2019 at the High Court, she filed for the sole custody of their two children, for a forced marriage protection order (FMPO), a non-molestation order, and non-repatriation to Dubai.[11]

In December 2019, a UK family court ruled that—on the balance of probabilities—Sheikh Mohammed had orchestrated the abductions of Sheikha Latifa and Sheikha Shamsa and that he continued to maintain a regime whereby both were deprived of their liberty. Also on the balance of probabilities, that he had subjected his former wife, Princess Haya, to a campaign of "intimidation"; the findings were published in March 2020.[12][13][14]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Al Maktoum". Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  2. ^ Zahlan, Rosemarie Said (1998). The Making of Modern Gulf States: Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman. Garnett & Ithaca Press. ISBN 0-86372-229-6.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Bowcott, Owen; Siddique, Haroon. "Kidnapping case: what happened to Sheikh Mohammed's daughters?". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Dubai's ruler battles wife in UK court after she fled emirate". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  7. ^ Speare-Cole, Rebecca (28 June 2019). "Dubai's Princess Haya 'flees country after leaving Crown Prince husband', reports say". Evening Standard.
  8. ^ "Reports: Dubai princess left Crown Prince husband, fled UAE". Middle East Monitor. 29 June 2019.
  9. ^ a b Salem, Ola. "The Fairy Tale Is Over for Dubai's Royal Family".
  10. ^ "Dubai's ruling family rocked by fresh scandal as Princess Haya seeks refuge in London". France 24. 5 July 2019.
  11. ^ "Dubai ruler's wife seeks protection order". BBC News Website. 2019-07-30. Retrieved 2019-07-30.
  12. ^ Siddique, Owen Bowcottand Haroon (2020-03-05). "Dubai ruler organised kidnapping of his children, UK court rules". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  13. ^ "Re Al M [2019] EWHC 3415 (Fam)" (PDF).
  14. ^ "Dubai's Sheikh Mohammed abducted daughters and threatened wife – UK court". BBC News. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.