Al-Muallaq Mosque

The al-Muallak Mosque (Arabic: المسجد المعلق Masjid Al-Muallaq, Hebrew: מסגד אל-מועלק Misgad Al-Muallak) also known as the Mosque of Zahir al-Umar (Arabic: مسجد ظاهر العمر‎‎‎‎) is a mosque in Acre, Israel.

Al-Muallaq Mosque
מסגד אל-מועלק
Al moaleq.jpg
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationAcre, Northern, Israel
Al-Muallaq Mosque is located in Northwest Israel
Al-Muallaq Mosque
Shown within Northwest Israel
Geographic coordinates32°55′15″N 35°04′08″E / 32.920849°N 35.068963°E / 32.920849; 35.068963Coordinates: 32°55′15″N 35°04′08″E / 32.920849°N 35.068963°E / 32.920849; 35.068963
Architecture
Typemosque
StyleOttoman
Completed1758
Minaret(s)1

HistoryEdit

The mosque was built in 1758 by the Arab ruler of Acre, Zahir al-Umar. It was built in a courtyard on the site of a structure commissioned by the Crusaders and which later became the gate to the Genoaese quarter of the city. Up until 1746, the structure was used as a synagogue by Acre's Jewish residents,[1] called the Ramchal Synagogue.[2] The Jews still owned the building when Zahir chose to transform it into a mosque, but compensated them with a different building located in Acre's Jewish quarter.[1] Leftover features of the synagogue include the niche for the Holy Ark and inscriptions in Hebrew.[3]

ArchitectureEdit

The mosque is positioned along the edge of Acre's Old City market, situated between Khan al-Umdan and Khan al-Ifranj, and is risen over the street.[1] From the outside, the main indicators of the mosque are its low-lying dome and the round base of its former minaret.[3] The mosque's entrance is located beneath the original minaret's base.[3] This minaret was demolished by the municipality of Acre in 1950, citing a public safety risk.[3] The body of the mosque is mainly constituted by a large, square-shaped prayer hall,[1][3] A triple-domed portico precedes the prayer hall's entrance.[3] Beside the prayer hall is a smaller room that is currently used as a library.[1] A stairway beneath a covered entryway leads into the courtyard.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Sharon, 1997, p. 38.
  2. ^ "Acre: Religious and prayer sites". Archived from the original on 2009-06-09.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Muallaq Mosque". ArchNet. Retrieved 2008-12-31.

BibliographyEdit