Al-Hasakah Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الحسكة, translit. Muḥāfaẓat al-Ḥasakah, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Hesîçe, Classical Syriac: ܗܘܦܪܟܝܐ ܕܚܣܟܗ, translit. Huparkiyo d'Ḥasake, also known as Classical Syriac: ܓܙܪܬܐ, translit. Gozarto) is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces) of Syria. It is located in the far north-east corner of Syria and distinguished by its fertile lands, plentiful water, picturesque nature, and more than one hundred archaeological sites. It borders the Dohuk Governorate of Iraqi Kurdistan. It was formerly known as Al-Jazira Province. Prior to the Syrian Civil War nearly half of Syria's oil was extracted from the region.
Map of Syria with Al Hasakah highlighted
|Coordinates (Hasakah): Coordinates:|
|autonomous region||Democratic Federation of Northern Syria|
|• Governor||Major General Jaiz Swadet al-Hamoud al-Musa|
|• Total||23,334 km2 (9,009 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||SY-HA|
|Main language(s)||Arabic, Kurdish, Syriac, Armenian|
|Ethnicities||Kurds, Arabs, Assyrians, Armenians & Yazidis|
Demographics and populationEdit
The inhabitants of al-Hasakah governorate are composed of different ethnic and cultural groups, the larger groups being Arabs and Kurds in addition to a significant large number of Assyrians and a smaller number of Armenians. The population of the governorate, according to the country's official census, was 1,275,118, and was estimated to be 1,377,000 in 2007, and 1,512,000 in 2011.
According to the National Association of Arab Youth, there are 1717 villages in Al-Hasakah province: 1161 Arab villages, 453 Kurdish villages, 98 Assyrian villages and 53 with mixed populations from the aforementioned ethnicities.
|Mixed Arab-Kurdish villages||48|
|Mixed Arab-Assyrian villages||3|
|Mixed Assyrian-Kurdish villages||2|
Censuses of 1943 and 1953Edit
In 1949, there were officially 155,643 inhabitants. The French geographers Fevret and Gibert estimated that there were about 50,000 Arabs, 60,000 Kurds, a few thousands Jews and Yezidis, the rest being Christians of various denominations.
Cities, towns and villagesEdit
This list includes all cities, towns and villages with more than 5,000 inhabitants. The population figures are given according to the 2004 official census:
|Ras al-Ayn||Serê Kaniyê||29,347||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Al-Malikiyah||Dêrika Hemko||26,311||Al-Malikiyah District|
|Al-Qahtaniyah||Dêrika Hemko||16,946||Qamishli District|
|Al-Muabbada||Girkê Legê||15,759||Al-Malikiyah District|
|Al-Sabaa wa Arbain||Sabba||14,177||Al-Hasakah District|
|Al-Manajir||Menacîr||12,156||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Al-Darbasiyah||Dirbêsiyê||8,551||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Tell Tamer||Girê Xurma||7,285||Al-Hasakah District|
|Mabrouka||Mabrok||6,325||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Tell Safouk||Safok||5,781||Al-Hasakah District|
|Tell Hamis||Til Hemîs||5,161||Qamishli District|
Districts and sub-districtsEdit
- Al-Malikiyah District
- Qamishli District
- Ras al-Ayn District
- Al-Hasakah District
The Khabur River, which flows through al-Hasakah for 440 kilometres (270 mi), witnessed the birth of some of the earliest civilizations in the world, including those of Akkad, Assyria, the Hurrians and Amorites. The most prominent archaeological sites are:
- Hamoukar:considered by some archaeologists to be the oldest city in the world
- Tell Halaf: Excavations have revealed successive civilization levels, Neolithic glazed pottery and beautiful basalt sculptures.
- Tell Brak: Situated halfway between al-Hasakah city and the frontier town of Qamishli. Excavations in the tell have revealed the Uyun Temple and King Naram-Sin's palace-stronghold.
- Tell el Fakhariya
- Tell Hittin: 15 layers of occupation have been identified.
- Tell Leilan: Excavations began in 1975 and have revealed many artefacts and buildings dating back to the 6th millennium BC such as a bazaar, temple, palace, etc.
- http://cbssyr.org/yearbook/2011/Data-Chapter2/TAB-3-2-2011.htm[permanent dead link]
- Al Monitor, Syria's Oil Crisis, 2013, http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/ru/originals/2013/02/syria-oil-crisis.html# Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine.
- Fresh clashes break out in Damascus
- Barnard, Anne (August 23, 2016). "Kurds Close to Control of Northeast Syria Province, Portending a Shift in the War". NYT. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
- Syria - Sunnis
- National Association of Arab Youth, 2012. Arab East Centre, London, 2012. Study of the demographic composition of al-Hasakah Governorate (in Arabic). Accessed on 26 December 2014.
- Hourani, Albert Habib (1947). Minorities in the Arab World. London: Oxford University Press. p. 76.
- Etienne, de Vaumas (1956). "La Djézireh". Annales de Géographie (in French). 65 (347): 64–80. Retrieved 2012-03-29.
- M. Proux, "Les Tcherkesses", La France méditerranéenne et africaine, IV, 1938
- Fevret, Maurice; Gibert, André (1953). "La Djezireh syrienne et son réveil économique". Revue de géographie de Lyon (in French) (28): 1–15. Retrieved 2012-03-29.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-03-10. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
- ehasakeh The First Complete website for Al-Hasakah news and services