Al-Ghashiyah

Al-Ghāshiyah (Arabic: الغاشية, “The Overwhelming”, “The Pall”) is the 88th chapter (surah) of the Qur'an, with 26 ayat or verses.

Sura 88 of the Quran
الغاشية
Al-Ghāshiyah
The Overwhelming
ClassificationMeccan
Other namesThe Pall, The Overwhelming Calamity, The Enveloper, The Overshadowing Event
PositionJuzʼ 30
No. of verses26
No. of words92
No. of letters382

The surah's topics are Paradise, Hell and the miracle of the creation of all things by God.

SummaryEdit

 
Surah Al-Ghashiyah

This surah refers to three broad-ranging topics. First, God describes the difference between good and evil paths that an individual can take and the consequence of each path. He then clarifies their destiny and describes what hell would be like for the non-believers. The second theme mentions the creations God has made, referring to the sky, the earth, and the mountains. Lastly, in verses 21–22, God gives a direct message to Prophet Muhammad and tells him, "So remind, [O Muhammad]; you are only a reminder. You are not over them a controller."[1]

Ayat (verses)Edit

  • 1-3 The terrible day of judgment
  • 4-7 Description of the torments of hell
  • 8-16 The joyful state of the Muslims on the judgment-day
  • 17-20 God manifests himself in his works
  • 21-22 Muhammad only to warn, not to rule over, the infidels
  • 23-26 God will himself punish the unbelievers[2]

HadithEdit

The first and foremost exegesis/tafsir of the Qur'an is found in hadith of Muhammad.[3] Although scholars including ibn Taymiyyah claim that Muhammad has commented on the whole of the Qur'an, others including Ghazali cite the limited amount of narratives, thus indicating that he has commented only on a portion of the Qur'an.[4] Ḥadīth (حديث) is literally "speech" or "report", that is a recorded saying or tradition of Muhammad validated by isnad; with Sirah Rasul Allah these comprise the sunnah and reveal shariah. According to Aishah,[5][6] the life of Prophet Muhammad was practical implementation of Qur'an.[7][8][9] Therefore, higher count of hadith elevates the importance of the pertinent surah from a certain perspective. This surah was held in special esteem in hadith, which can be observed by these related narratives. According to hadith, the prophet Muhammad used to recite this surah in Zuhr prayer and in congregational prayers of Jumu'ah and in Eid prayers.[10] And the prophet Muhammad used to recite this surah after surah Al-Jumua (Sura 62) or after Al-Ala (Sura 87).[11][12]

  • Abu Bakr bin An-Nadr said: We were in At-Taff with Anas, and he led them in praying Zuhr. When he had finished, he said: ''I prayed Zuhr with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and he recited two surahs for us in the two rak'ahs: 'Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High' (Quran 87) and 'Has there come to you the narration of the overwhelming?"' (Al-Ghashiyah).[22]
  • It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that: The Prophet (ﷺ) used to recite in the Eid prayers ''Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High." (Surah 87) and "Has there come to you the narration of the overwhelming?" (Al-Ghashiyah).[23][24][25][26]
  • It was narrated from al-Nu'man b. Bashir that: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to recite on the two Eid prayers and on Jumu'ah: "Glorify the Name of Your Lord, the Most High" (Surah 87) and "Has there come to you the narration of The Overwhelming?" (Al-Ghashiyah) Sometimes the two (Eid and Jumu'ah) occurred on the same day, and he would recite them (these two Surahs).[27][28][29]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Surah Al Ghashiyah Transliteration". Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  2. ^ Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Şatibi, El-muvafakat
  4. ^ Muhsin Demirci, Tefsir Usulü, 120
  5. ^ Grade : Sahih (Al-Albani) صحيح (الألباني) حكم  : Reference  : Sunan Abi Dawud 1342 In-book reference  : Book 5, Hadith 93 English translation  : Book 5, Hadith 1337
  6. ^ Al-Adab Al-Mufrad » Dealings with people and good character - كتاب English reference  : Book 14, Hadith 308 Arabic reference  : Book 1, Hadith 308
  7. ^ Sahih Al- Jami' AI-Saghir, No.4811
  8. ^ Sunan Ibn Majah 2333 In-book reference  : Book 13, Hadith 26 English translation  : Vol. 3, Book 13, Hadith 2333
  9. ^ Grade : Sahih (Darussalam) Reference  : Sunan an-Nasa'i 1601 In-book reference  : Book 20, Hadith 4 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 20, Hadith 1602
  10. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i 1568 In-book reference  : Book 19, Hadith 13 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 19, Hadith 1569
  11. ^ Muwatta Imam Malik, USC-MSA web (English) reference: Book 5, Hadith 21; Arabic reference: Book 5, Hadith 244.
  12. ^ Sunan ibn Majah, Grade: Sahih (Darussalam); English reference: Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1120; Arabic reference: Book 5, Hadith 1174
  13. ^ Sunan Abu Dawud 1123 In-book reference  : Book 2, Hadith 734 English translation  : Book 2, Hadith 1118
  14. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i Book 14, Hadith 60 English reference  : Vol. 2, Book 14, Hadith 1424 Arabic reference  : Book 14, Hadith 1434
  15. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i English reference  : Vol. 2, Book 14, Hadith 1425 Arabic reference  : Book 14, Hadith 1435
  16. ^ Muwatta Imam Malik Book 5, Hadith 21 Arabic reference  : Book 5, Hadith 244
  17. ^ Sunan Ibn MajahEnglish reference  : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1119 Arabic reference  : Book 5, Hadith 1173
  18. ^ Grade : Sahih (Al-Albani) Reference  : Sunan Abu Dawood 1125 In-book reference  : Book 2 Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat) (393)Chapter: What Should Be Recited During The Friday Prayer Hadith 736 English translation  : Book 3, Hadith 1120
  19. ^ Sunan ibn Maja English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1120 Arabic reference  : Book 5, Hadith 1174
  20. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i Vol. 2, Book 14:The Book of Jumu'ah, Hadith 1423 (Friday Prayer)
  21. ^ Sunan al-Tirmidhi 519 In-book reference  : Book 4, Hadith 32 English translation  : Vol. 1, Book 4, Hadith 519
  22. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i 972 In-book reference  : Book 11, Hadith 97 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 11, Hadith 973
  23. ^ Sunan ibn Maja reference  : Vol. 1, Book 5 Establishing the Prayer and the Sunnah Regarding Them English, Hadith 1283 Arabic reference  : Book 5, Hadith 1342
  24. ^ Sunan Abu Dawood 1122 In-book reference  : Book 2, Hadith 733 English translation  : Book 2, Hadith 1117
  25. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i 1590 In-book reference  : Book 19, Hadith 35 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 19, Hadith 1591
  26. ^ Sunan ibn Maja English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1281 Arabic reference  : Book 5, Hadith 1340
  27. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i 1568 In-book reference  : Book 19, Hadith 13 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 19, Hadith 1569
  28. ^ Sunan al-Tirmidhi 533 In-book reference  : Book 5, Hadith 4 English translation  : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 533
  29. ^ Reference  : Sahih Muslim 878 a In-book reference  : Book 7, Hadith 78 USC-MSA web (English) reference: Book 4, Hadith 1907 (deprecated numbering scheme)

External linksEdit