Al-Buwayziyya

Al-Buwayziyya (Arabic: البويزية والميس‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Safad Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 11, 1948, by the Palmach's First Battalion of Operation Yiftach. It was located 22 km northeast of Safad.

Al-Buwayziyya

البويزية والميس

Buweiziya,[1]
Village
Historical map series for the area of al-Buwayziyya (1870s).jpg 1870s map
Historical map series for the area of al-Buwayziyya (1940s).jpg 1940s map
Historical map series for the area of al-Buwayziyya (modern).jpg modern map
Historical map series for the area of al-Buwayziyya (1940s with modern overlay).jpg 1940s with modern overlay map
A series of historical maps of the area around Al-Buwayziyya (click the buttons)
Al-Buwayziyya is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Buwayziyya
Al-Buwayziyya
Location within Mandatory Palestine
Coordinates: 33°09′32″N 35°34′13″E / 33.15889°N 35.57028°E / 33.15889; 35.57028Coordinates: 33°09′32″N 35°34′13″E / 33.15889°N 35.57028°E / 33.15889; 35.57028
Palestine grid203/284
Geopolitical entityMandatory Palestine
SubdistrictSafad
Date of depopulationMay 11, 1948[1]
Area
 • Total14,620 dunams (14.62 km2 or 5.64 sq mi)
Population
 (1945)
 • Total510[2][3]
Cause(s) of depopulationInfluence of nearby town's fall

In the 1944/45 statistics it had a population 510 Muslims.[2][3] The village had elementary school for boys which was founded in 1937.

HistoryEdit

British Mandate eraEdit

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Buaizia had a population of 276, all Muslims,[4] increasing in the 1931 census to 318, still all Muslims, in a total of 75 houses.[5]

The population were mostly engaged in agriculture and mainly grew citrus fruits, grains and vegetables.[6] In 1944/45 it had a total of 14,620 dunum of land,[3] of which 2,770 dunums was allocated to cereal farming, 56 dunums was used for irrigation and orchards,[7] while 17 dunams were classified as urban (built-up) land.[8]

1948, aftermathEdit

The village was attacked by Israeli forces on 11 May 1948 as part of Operation Yiftach which depopulated eastern Galilee. According to Israeli historian Benny Morris, al-Buwayziyya’s residents fled when they learned that the neighboring village of al-Khalisa, 5 km to the north, had succumbed to Jewish forces and as a result the village had been evacuated after the Haganah declined the villagers’ request for conditional permission to stay.[6]

In 1992, the village site was described: "On the site where al-Buwayziyya once stood are remains of destroyed houses, a few walls and terraces, and the (intact) concrete roof of one house. The flat portion of the surrounding lands are used by Israelis for agriculture; the more hilly lands serve as pasture."[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village #18. Also gives cause of depopulation
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 9
  3. ^ a b c d Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 69 Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 42
  5. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 105
  6. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.442
  7. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 118
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 168
  9. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.443

BibliographyEdit

  • Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
  • Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
  • Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center. Archived from the original on 2018-12-08. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
  • Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
  • Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.

External linksEdit