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Akademik Lomonosov (Russian: Академик Ломоносов) is a non-self-propelled power barge to be operated as the first Russian floating nuclear power station. The ship was named after Academician Mikhail Lomonosov.

Спуск ПАТЭС на воду 20190823.jpg
Akademik Lomonosov being transported from Murmansk (23 August 2019)
History
Name: Akademik Lomonosov
Namesake: Mikhail Lomonosov
Owner: Rosatom
Builder:
Cost: US$336 million (projected)
Laid down: 15 April 2007
Launched: 30 June 2010[1]
Completed: 2018
Acquired: July 4, 2019
In service: 2019
Status: in operation
General characteristics
Class and type: nuclear powership (barge)
Displacement: 21,500 tonnes
Length: 144.4 m (474 ft)
Beam: 30 m (98 ft)
Height: 10 m (33 ft)
Draft: 5.6 m (18 ft)
Crew: 69
Notes: 2 modified KLT-40S nuclear reactors (Icebreaker type) producing 35x2 MW electric or 150x2 MW thermal

Contents

HistoryEdit

The keel of Akademik Lomonosov was laid on 15 April 2007.[2] Construction started at the Sevmash Submarine-Building Plant in Severodvinsk. It cost 6 billion rubles ($232 million).[3] The celebrations were attended by the first deputy prime minister of Russia, Sergei Ivanov, and by the head of Rosatom, Sergei Kiriyenko.[4] Originally, Akademik Lomonosov was supposed to supply power to Severodvinsk town and Sevmash itself. However, in August 2008, the Russian government approved the transfer of work from Sevmash to the Baltic Shipyard in Saint Petersburg.[5]

The first reactor was delivered in May and the second one in August 2009.[2] Akademik Lomonosov was launched on 30 June 2010.[6] Akademik Lomonosov will be deployed at Pevek, in the Chukotka region in Russia's Far East.[2] It was expected to be delivered in 2019, and is planned to come online as the nearby Bilibino Nuclear Power Plant is shut down.[7] On April 28, 2018, it left St. Petersburg under tow for Murmansk, where it will receive nuclear fuel for the first time. On May 17, 2018, it arrived at Murmansk.[8] The Akademik Lomonosov power station was officially handed over to the Russian state nuclear power company on July 4, 2019.[9]

The towing operation began on 23 August 2019 and is expected to take three weeks.[10]

DescriptionEdit

Akademik Lomonosov has a length of 144 metres (472 ft) and width of 30 metres (98 ft). It has a displacement of 21,500 tonnes and a crew of 69 people.[11] For the power generation, it has two modified KLT-40 naval propulsion reactors together providing up to 70 MW of electricity or 300 MW of heat. Reactors were designed by OKBM Afrikantov and assembled by Nizhniy Novgorod Research and Development Institute Atomenergoproekt (both part of Atomenergoprom). The reactor vessels were produced by Izhorskiye Zavody.[2] The turbo-generators were supplied by Kaluga Turbine Plant.[5]

CriticismEdit

Akademik Lomonosov has come under widespread criticism from environmental groups such as Greenpeace and the Bellona Foundation. Greenpeace criticized the project as one that may cause harm to a "fragile environment which is already under enormous pressure from climate change", as well as calling it a "nuclear Titanic" and a "Chernobyl on Ice".[12] The Bellona Foundation had written an entire report of its criticism of the floating nuclear power plant.[13][14]

In response, Rosatom affirmed that precautions have been taken to prevent nuclear disaster and that the floating plant meet all the requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency. On 26 August 2018, The New York Times published an article about the floating power plant.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Baltiysky Shipyard launches the Akademik Lomonosov, part of nuclear powered plant". Portnews. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
  2. ^ a b c d "Reactors ready for floating plant". World Nuclear News. 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
  3. ^ "Russia relocates construction of floating power plant".
  4. ^ Kukushkin, Mikhail (2007-04-16). "Плавучие АЭС готовят к экспорту" [Floating NPS are ready for export] (in Russian). Vremya Novostey. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
  5. ^ a b "Russia relocates construction of floating power plant". World Nuclear News. 2008-08-11. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
  6. ^ Stolyarova, Galina (2010-07-01). "Nuclear Power Vessel Launched". The St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
  7. ^ "Work starts on on-shore infrastructure for Russian floating plant". World Nuclear News. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Floating plant arrives at Murmansk for fueling". World Nuclear News. 21 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  9. ^ https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2019/07/04/floating-nuclear-power-plant-will-be-key-element-on-northern-sea-route-a66285
  10. ^ "Russia's controversial floating nuclear plant sets sail for the Arctic". Global News. 23 August 2019. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Two floating nuclear plants for Chukotka". World Nuclear News. 2007-04-05. Archived from the original on 2011-02-17. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
  12. ^ "World's first floating nuclear power plant bound for the Arctic, warns Greenpeace". Greenpeace International. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  13. ^ "Rosatom says it's hitting schedule targets in prepping its floating nuclear plant - Bellona.org". Bellona.org. 2018-09-03. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  14. ^ "Russia's floating 'nuclear Titanic' sets sail on first controversial voyage". The Independent. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  15. ^ "The Nuclear Power Plant of the Future May Be Floating Near Russia". Retrieved 2018-09-04.

Coordinates: 69°42′00″N 170°19′00″E / 69.7°N 170.316667°E / 69.7; 170.316667