Aizawl district is one of the eleven districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the north by Kolasib district, on the west by Mamit district, on the south by Serchhip district, on the southwest by Lunglei district and on the east by Champhai district. The district occupies an area of 3,577 square kilometres (1,381 sq mi). The headquarters of the district is Aizawl city, the capital of Mizoram. As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Mizoram (then out of 8, now 11).
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Mizoram|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||40|
|• Total||3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||1009|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
The district is named after its headquarters, Aizawl city. In the Mizo language, ai, also known as aidu, refers to a species of turmeric while zawl means plain or field. The name of the city was probably derived from the abundance of the aidu in the area during previous years.
This district is bounded by Assam in the North, Manipur in the North East, Champhai District in the East, Serchhip District in the South, Lunglei District in the South West, Mamit District in the West and Kolasib District in the North West.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The district has 5 R.D. Blocks, Aibawk, Darlawn, Phullen, Thingsulthliah and Tlangnuam.
The district has 14 legislative assembly constituencies. These are Tuivawl, Chalfilh, Tawi, Aizawl North 1, Aizawl North 2, Aizawl North 3, Aizawl East 1, Aizawl East 2, Aizawl West 1, Aizawl West 2, Aizawl West 3, Aizawl South 1, Aizawl South 2 and Aizawl South 3.
Lengpui Airport, located at a distance of 32 km from Aizawl city provides connection with Kolkata and Guwahati by daily flights and with Imphal by three flights a week.
According to the 2011 census Aizawl district has a population of 400,309, roughly equal to the nation of Brunei. This gives it a ranking of 557th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 113 inhabitants per square kilometre (290/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.07%. Aizawl has a sex ratio of 1009 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 98.5%.
Mizo languages spoken in Aizawl district include:
- Paite language
- Ralte language
- Biate language
- Bawm language
- Hakha Chin language
- Hmar language
- Pangkhu language
- Falam Chin language
- Tedim Chin language
- Thado language
- Zou language
- Simte language
- Chakma language
- Aimol language
- Hrangkhol language
- Mizo language
The major population speaks Mizo, the official language of the state, which is also known as 'Lusei/Lushai' or 'Duhlian'.
- ^ a b "Census of India: Search Details - Aizawl". Retrieved 24 October 2021.
- ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Brunei 401,890 July 2011 est.
- ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901