Aitkin County, Minnesota

Aitkin County (/ˈkɪn/ AY-kin) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 15,697.[2] Its county seat is Aitkin.[3] Part of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is in the county. The county was created in 1857 and organized in 1871.

Aitkin County
Aitkin County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Aitkin County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°37′N 93°25′W / 46.61°N 93.41°W / 46.61; -93.41
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMay 23, 1857 (created)
June 30, 1871 (organized)[1]
Named forWilliam Alexander Aitken
SeatAitkin
Largest cityAitkin
Area
 • Total1,995 sq mi (5,170 km2)
 • Land1,822 sq mi (4,720 km2)
 • Water174 sq mi (450 km2)  8.7%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total15,697
 • Estimate 
(2021)
15,887 Increase
 • Density8.69/sq mi (3.36/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.co.aitkin.mn.us

HistoryEdit

Aitkin County was established in 1857 as Aiken County. The current spelling was adopted in 1872. It was named for William Alexander Aitken, a fur trader for the American Fur Company, under John Jacob Astor. Formed from Ramsey and Pine counties, Aiken County originally consisted of the 17 townships closest to Mille Lacs Lake. It acquired outlands of Ramsey, Itasca and Pine Counties to its north and east. It was organized in 1871, taking up lands from Cass and Itasca Counties and losing a point in the southwestern corner to Crow Wing County to form its current boundaries.

GeographyEdit

The Mississippi River flows southward through the west central part of the county. The county terrain consists of wooded rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds.[4] The terrain slopes to the south; its highest point is Quadna Mountain, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south-southeast of Hill City, at 1,591' (485m) ASL.[5] Otherwise the highest terrain is near its northwestern corner, at 1,388' (423m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 1,995 square miles (5,170 km2), of which 1,822 square miles (4,720 km2) is land and 174 square miles (450 km2) (8.7%) is water.[7]

 
Soils of Aitkin County[8]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areasEdit

  • Grayling State Wildlife Management Area
  • Hill River State Forest
  • Kimberly State Wildlife Management Area
  • McGregor Marsh Scientific and Natural Area
  • Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Ripple River State Wildlife Management Area
  • Salo Marsh State Wildlife Management Area
  • Savanna Portage State Park
  • Snake River County Park
  • Solana State Forest

[4]

Government and politicsEdit

Aitkin County voters have selected the Democratic Party candidate in 67% of national elections since 1960. Recent presidential elections have shifted to the Republican Party, with their candidate winning four of the last five elections as of 2020 (their lone loss was in 2008 by just 6 votes).

United States presidential election results for Aitkin County, Minnesota[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,258 62.42% 3,607 35.98% 160 1.60%
2016 5,516 59.76% 3,134 33.95% 581 6.29%
2012 4,533 49.58% 4,412 48.26% 197 2.15%
2008 4,589 48.77% 4,595 48.83% 226 2.40%
2004 4,768 50.44% 4,539 48.02% 145 1.53%
2000 3,755 45.46% 3,830 46.37% 675 8.17%
1996 2,327 31.43% 3,810 51.46% 1,267 17.11%
1992 2,151 28.46% 3,400 44.98% 2,008 26.56%
1988 3,011 43.37% 3,863 55.65% 68 0.98%
1984 3,422 46.14% 3,943 53.17% 51 0.69%
1980 3,396 44.28% 3,677 47.94% 597 7.78%
1976 2,476 35.63% 4,308 61.99% 165 2.37%
1972 3,241 53.73% 2,687 44.55% 104 1.72%
1968 2,254 39.84% 3,094 54.69% 309 5.46%
1964 2,000 33.96% 3,874 65.77% 16 0.27%
1960 3,097 50.66% 2,980 48.75% 36 0.59%
1956 2,762 50.18% 2,733 49.65% 9 0.16%
1952 3,384 55.93% 2,577 42.60% 89 1.47%
1948 2,466 41.05% 3,277 54.55% 264 4.39%
1944 2,720 49.37% 2,743 49.79% 46 0.83%
1940 3,744 50.12% 3,610 48.33% 116 1.55%
1936 2,466 37.30% 3,806 57.57% 339 5.13%
1932 2,341 40.76% 2,945 51.28% 457 7.96%
1928 3,951 70.10% 1,428 25.34% 257 4.56%
1924 2,720 53.67% 212 4.18% 2,136 42.15%
1920 2,933 70.15% 613 14.66% 635 15.19%
1916 1,122 46.23% 877 36.14% 428 17.63%
1912 362 17.38% 413 19.83% 1,308 62.79%
1908 1,205 67.02% 389 21.64% 204 11.35%
1904 1,327 80.96% 191 11.65% 121 7.38%
1900 988 77.31% 262 20.50% 28 2.19%
1896 855 69.46% 344 27.94% 32 2.60%
1892 445 62.59% 217 30.52% 49 6.89%


County Board of Commissioners[10]
Position Name District
Commissioner J. Mark Wedel District 1
Commissioner Laurie Westerlund District 2
Commissioner and Vice Chair Donald Niemi District 3
Commissioner and Chairperson William "Bill" Pratt District 4
Commissioner Anne Marcotte District 5
State Legislature (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
  Senate Carrie Ruud[11] Republican District 10
  House of Representatives Dale Lueck[12] Republican District 10B
U.S Congress (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
  House of Representatives Pete Stauber[13] Republican 8th
  Senate Amy Klobuchar[14] Democrat N/A
  Senate Tina Smith[15] Democrat N/A

Climate and weatherEdit

Aitkin, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
1
 
 
20
0
 
 
0.8
 
 
26
4
 
 
1.7
 
 
38
16
 
 
2.6
 
 
54
30
 
 
3.1
 
 
66
40
 
 
4.5
 
 
75
51
 
 
4.2
 
 
80
56
 
 
3.2
 
 
77
53
 
 
3.3
 
 
68
45
 
 
2.9
 
 
55
34
 
 
1.6
 
 
38
21
 
 
1
 
 
24
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[16]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Aitkin have ranged from a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) in January to a high of 80 °F (27 °C) in July, although a record low of −47 °F (−44 °C) was recorded in January 1972 and a record high of 100 °F (38 °C) was recorded in August 1976. Although these records are the official records, temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) has been detected numerous times throughout Aitkin County and surrounding areas. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.79 inches (20 mm) in February to 4.46 inches (113 mm) in June.[16]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602
18701788,800.0%
1880366105.6%
18902,462572.7%
19006,473162.9%
191010,37160.2%
192015,04345.0%
193015,009−0.2%
194017,86519.0%
195014,327−19.8%
196012,162−15.1%
197011,403−6.2%
198013,40417.5%
199012,425−7.3%
200015,30123.1%
201016,2025.9%
202015,697−3.1%
2021 (est.)15,887[17]1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
1790-1960[19] 1900-1990[20]
1990-2000[21] 2010-2020[2]
 
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 census, there were 16,202 people, 7,542 households, and 4,458 families in the county. The population density was 8.89/sqmi (3.50/km2). There were 16,626 housing units at an average density of 9.13/sqmi (3.52/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.63% or 15,494 people White, 0.35% or 57 people Black or African American, 2.4% or 390 people Native American, 0.17% or 27 people Asian, 0.025% or 4 people Pacific Islander, 0.13% or 21 people from other races, and 1.29% or 209 people from two or more races. Of the population with two or more races, 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.5% were of German, 14.3% Norwegian, 13.0% Swedish, 6.2% Irish, 5.3% United States or American and 5.2% Finnish ancestry.

There were 6,644 households, out of which 22.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.76.

The county population contained 20.90% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 29.10% from 45 to 64, and 23.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,139, and the median income for a family was $58,290. Males had a median income of $51,604 versus $30,633 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,848. About 5.20% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

Unorganized territoriesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Aitkin County". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 25, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Aitkin County, Minnesota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ a b Aitkin County MN Google Maps (accessed March 4, 2019)
  5. ^ Quadna Mountain MN. PeakBagger.com (accessed May 4, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Aitkin County MN" Google Maps (accessed March 4, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  8. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 71-72. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  9. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  10. ^ "Aitkin County Commissioners". www.co.aitkin.mn.us. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  11. ^ "MN State Senate". www.senate.mn. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  12. ^ "Rep. Dale Lueck (10B) - Minnesota House of Representatives". www.house.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  13. ^ "Representative Pete Stauber". Representative Pete Stauber. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  14. ^ "U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar". www.klobuchar.senate.gov. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  15. ^ "Home". Senator Tina Smith. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  16. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Aitkin MN". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on January 31, 2011. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  18. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  19. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  20. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  21. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 46°37′N 93°25′W / 46.61°N 93.41°W / 46.61; -93.41