Rowse grew up in Johannesburg and studied for a degree at Wits University Medical School. She worked at Johannesburg Hospital and as an anaesthetist at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital in Diepkloof. She has recommended better practice in tourniquet technique.
Rowse was the first South African woman to over-winter in Antarctica in 1997 when she was aged 29. She was also the first woman to be selected to join any SANAE team. She was part of a team of ten who were the first group to spend the winter on the South African base SANAE IV. Rowse was doctor for the team and her preparation for the job meant that she undertook a range of courses to make her familiar with every aspect of emergency medicine. Prior to arrival, Rowse had not met any of the members of the team for that year. Afterwards, Rowse married fellow team member Hein de Beer.
- Yeld, John (10 February 1997). "The Doc's Head Over Heels in Love - With Snow" (PDF). Cape Argus.
- "Dr Rowse, Aithne Helen - Anaesthetist | Medical Network". www.medicalnetwork.co.za. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
- Rowse, Aithne (November 2002). "Editorial". Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia & Analgesia.
- "Women Explorers of Antarctica | Ice Queens | Grand Travel". www.gct.com. Retrieved 2020-02-03.
- "Women in Antarctica until the '90s". Experience Antarctica. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
- "Antarktika is ook 'n plek vir sussies". m.news24.com. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
- kennedy (2015-10-19). "Antarctica Base (SANAE IV)". Antarctic Legacy of South Africa. Retrieved 2020-03-08.
- Planet, Lonely. "Station Facilities in Sanae IV". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
- "David Frank Transcipt" (PDF). 12 March 2010.
- Teams, Sanae (1996). "36th SANAE Overwintering Team, 1997". Cite journal requires