Aislaby (// AYZ-əl-bi) is a village and civil parish in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated near the town of Whitby on the northern slopes of Eskdale just off the A171.
The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Asuluesbi in the Hundred of Langbaurgh. It was listed as having 2 ploughlands with 6 acres of meadow and woodland. The Lord in 1066 was named as Uhtred, but had changed to Richard of Sourdeval under the tenancy of Count Robert of Mortain. Lordship descended to the Brus family by the reign of Henry I and then Lucy de Thweng via the Rosels family and Nicholas de Meynell. By the early fourteenth century it had passed as a mense lordship to Arnald de Percy. From then on it was held by the Darcy family and the Strangways until 1541 when it became part of the holdings of Lord Dacre until 1685. Like its namesakes near Pickering and the other to the west of Stockton-on-Tees the place-name is derived from Viking Old Norse meaning "Aslakr's or Asulf's farm".
The area around the village was noted for its quarries and the stone that was used in many local buildings.
The village lies within the Scarborough and Whitby Parliamentary constituency; the Mulgrave War of Scarborough Borough District; and of the Whitby/Maythorpe cum Mulgrave Electoral Division of North Yorkshire County Council.
The Parish area is approximately 1,086 acres (439 ha). According to the 2011 UK census, Aislaby parish had a population of 243, in 164 dwellings, a reduction on the 2001 UK census figure of 280.
There is a church in the village dedicated to St Margaret built in 1897. This had replaced a 1732 building that itself had replaced the earlier medieval church. The church is Grade II listed building.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Aislaby Parish (1170217321)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
- Aislaby in the Domesday Book
- William Page, ed. (1923). A History of the County of York North Riding Vol 2 - Parishes-Whitby. London: Victoria County History. pp. 506–528.
- Watts. Cambridge Dictionary of Place Names. Cambridge University Press (2011). p. 5.
- Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 1162. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
- UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Aislaby Parish (36UG001)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- "Aislaby Parish through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- "Primary Education Catchment Area" (PDF). Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- "Secondary Education Catchment Area". Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1148961)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- Media related to Aislaby, Scarborough at Wikimedia Commons