Aikawa, Kanagawa

Aikawa (愛川町, Aikawa-machi) is a town located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the town had an estimated population of 39,763 and a population density of 1200 persons per km².[1] The total area of the town is 34.29 square kilometres (13.24 sq mi).

Aikawa
愛川町
View of Aikawa Town
View of Aikawa Town
Flag of Aikawa
Official seal of Aikawa
Location of Aikawa in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Aikawa in Kanagawa Prefecture
Aikawa is located in Japan
Aikawa
Aikawa
 
Coordinates: 35°31′44″N 139°19′18″E / 35.52889°N 139.32167°E / 35.52889; 139.32167Coordinates: 35°31′44″N 139°19′18″E / 35.52889°N 139.32167°E / 35.52889; 139.32167
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureKanagawa
DistrictAikō
Area
 • Total34.29 km2 (13.24 sq mi)
Population
 (April 1, 2021)
 • Total39,763
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Town symbols 
• TreeMaple
• FlowerAzalea
• BirdCommon kingfisher
Phone number046-285-2111
Address251-1 Kakuda, Aikawa-machi, Aikō-gun, Kanagawa-ken
243-0392
WebsiteOfficial website
Aikawa Town Hall

GeographyEdit

Aikawa is located in the foothills of northern Kanagawa Prefecture. The Nakatsu River, a tributary of the Sagami River, flows through. A portion of the Tanzawa Mountains can be found in the western part of the town. Miyagase Dam, a major source of hydroelectric power, is situated on the Nakatsu River. The highest mountain in Aikawa is Mount Takatori.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Kanagawa Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Aikawa has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Aikawa is 13.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1906 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.3 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Aikawa has grown relatively steadily until around the year 2000 and is now slightly declining.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 10,238—    
1930 11,031+7.7%
1940 12,908+17.0%
1950 14,767+14.4%
1960 13,721−7.1%
1970 18,436+34.4%
1980 29,873+62.0%
1990 40,424+35.3%
2000 42,760+5.8%
2010 42,901+0.3%

HistoryEdit

During the Sengoku period, the Battle of Mimasetoge between the forces of Takeda Shingen and the later Hōjō clan occurred on what is now Aikawa Town. During the Edo period, the area was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji Restoration, Aikawa village was founded on April 4, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. It was elevated to town status on April 1, 1940. The Imperial Japanese Army established the Sagami Airfield in Aikawa, which was also adjacent to military factories in Sagamihara, an officer's training school in Zama, and numerous Army and Imperial Japanese Navy facilities in Atsugi and Yokohama. On January 15, 1955, Aikawa merged with neighboring Takamine Village and on September 30, 1956, with neighboring Nakatsu Village. In 1966, an industrial park was built on the site of the former airfield and military facilities.

GovernmentEdit

Aikawa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 16 members. Aikawa, together with neighboring Kiyokawa, contributes one member to the Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Kanagawa 16th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Aikawa has a mixed economy, supported by agriculture and light/precision industries. Makino Milling Machines has a factory in Aikawa, as does Asahi Glass Co., NHK Spring Company, Merck Pharmaceuticals and Mitsubishi Motors. The town also serves as a bedroom community for neighboring Sagamihara and Atsugi.

EducationEdit

Aikawa has six public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the town government. The town does not have a high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

Aikawa does not have any passenger railway service.

HIghwayEdit

Noted people from AikawaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Aikawa town official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Aikawa climate data
  3. ^ Aikawa population statistics

External linksEdit