"Aiaaira" (Abkhaz: Аиааира; "Victory") is the national anthem of the partially recognized state of Abkhazia.[note 1] It was adopted in 1992. The lyrics were written by poet Gennady Alamia, and the music was composed by Valery Chkadua.
National anthem of Abkhazia
|Adopted||24 October 2007|
Official orchestral and choral vocal recording
The lyrics were written after Abkhazia's proclamation of independence in 1992. They used as inspiration the Abkhazian revolutionary song "Kiaraz" (Abkhaz: "Кьараз") that originated during the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918–1921).
In 1994, after the war for independence with Georgia, Valery Chkadua composed the anthem at the personal request of the first Abkhazian President Vladislav Ardzinba. Chkadua, who studied under Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitry Shostakovich, included various folk motives in the anthem. Chkadua, who refused royalties for the work, had written the anthem in the winter in a freezing, unheated house, but received housing as a thank you from the president.
The anthem was officially adopted by the People's Assembly on 24 October 2007 in the constitutional law of the Republic of Abkhazia "On the State Anthem of the Republic of Abkhazia", No. 1873-s-IV, signed by President Sergei Bagapsh on 2 November 2007.
Abkhaz original edit
|IPA transcription[note 2]||English translation|
March on, march on,
In Russian edit
|Russian version
March on, march on,
See also edit
- The political status of Abkhazia is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Georgia in 1992, Abkhazia is formally recognised as an independent state by 5 UN member states (two other states previously recognised it but then withdrew their recognition), while the remainder of the international community recognizes it as as de jure Georgian territory. Georgia continues to claim the area as its own territory, designating it as Russian-occupied territory.
- See Help:IPA and Abkhaz alphabet.
- Sometimes written О-ҳо-ҳо-о ҳо-о-Рада (O-ho-ho-o ho-o-Rada).
- Sometimes written О-ҳо-ҳо-о ҳо-о-Рада-Ра! (O-ho-ho-o ho-o-Rada-Ra!).
- Sometimes written Аԥсынтәла (Apsynṭwla).
- Sometimes written заԥшнылаз (zapšnylaz).
- Sometimes written иҳаракоит (iharaḳojṭ).
- Sometimes written Реида (Reida).
- Sometimes written Ран-Гуашьа (Ran-Guaśa).
- Sometimes written иԥшьоч (ipśoć).
- Sometimes written Зхы (Zxy).
- Sometimes written Зқьышықәасала имҩасхьо гылоуп (Zkjyšykwasala imjwasxjo gylouṗ).
- Sometimes written Рыжәаҩа еибырҭоит уԥацәа (Ryžwajwa ejbyrtojṭ upacwa).
- Sometimes written иаҳхымәо (jahxymšwo).
- Sometimes written Ԥеԥш лаша ҳзышуп (Pepš laša hzyšuṗ).
- Sometimes written Урылагәыргьа (Urylagwyrgja).
- Sometimes written аҳшара (ahšara).
- "National Anthem Downloads, Lyrics, & Information: NationalAnthems.us - Republic of Abkhazia". NationalAnthems.us. 2009-03-19. Archived from the original on 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- "Гимн" (in Russian). Abkhazian Embassy in Russia. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- Kubatian, Grigory (14 January 2013). "Discovering a home of eccentrics". Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- "Конституционный_закон_о_Государственном_гимне_Республики_Абхазия_2015_03_31_13_14_26_501.pdf" (PDF). presidentofabkhazia.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-11-14. Retrieved 2021-11-14.
- "Сборник законодательных актов республики Абхазия" [Collection of legislative acts of the Republic of Abkhazia] (PDF). apsnyteka.org (in Russian). 2008. pp. 20–21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-09-13. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
- Pedersen, Thomas T. (2007-01-14). "Transliteration of Abkhaz" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2009-01-24.
- "State Symbols". Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Abkhazia. Archived from the original on 2017-04-21. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- (other words are used there, but they are difficult to adapt to English, like: "until the sunset our love will grow")
- (word "шьардаамҭа" cannot be translated, but it is something like "eternal")
- "Aiaaira: National anthem of Abkhazia". abkhazworld.com. 2019-03-25. Archived from the original on 2019-03-25. Retrieved 2021-11-17.