Ahaziah of Israel

Ahaziah (Hebrew: אֲחַזְיָה ’Ăḥazyā, "Yah has grasped"; also Greek: Ὀχοζίας, Ochozias in the Septuagint and the Douai-Rheims translation) was the eighth king of the northern Kingdom of Israel and the son of Ahab and Jezebel. Like his father, he reigned from Samaria. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 850-849 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 853-852 BC.[1]

Ahaziah of Israel.png
King of Northern Israel
Reignc. 852 - c. 849 B.C.

The author of the Books of Kings criticized him for following the ways of his father Ahab and his mother Jezebel, and for making Israel sin "in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat".[2] Biblical commentator Albert Barnes notes that the phrase "in the way of his mother" does not occur anywhere else in the Hebrew Bible, and demonstrates the strong feeling of the writer of the Books of Kings as to the influence of Jezebel.[3]


During his reign the Moabites revolted against his authority (2 Kings 3:5–7). This event is recorded on the Mesha stele, an extensive inscription written in the Moabite language.

Mesha Stele

Ahaziah formed a business partnership with Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, in order to construct a fleet of trading ships. However, because Jehoshapat had made an alliance with Ahaziah (who was doing the same evil as Ahab and Jezebel, his father and mother, in the kingdom of Israel) the ships were wrecked and never set sail.[4]

His messengers, sent to consult Baal-Zebub (the god of prophecy in Ekron) regarding his recovery from the effects of a fall from the roof-gallery of his palace, were met on the way by Elijah, who sent them back to tell the king that, for his deeds and for seeking a god that was not the God of Israel, he would never rise from his bed (1 Kings 22:51; 2 Kings 1:18). According to the Second Book of Kings, he did not recover from his injuries and died.

Having no son, Ahaziah was succeeded as king of Israel by Joram,[5] his younger brother.


These are ancestors of Ahaziah according to the Bible.

Omri of Israel
Ahab of Israel
Ahaziah of Israel
Ithobaal I of Sidon
Jezebel of Tyre


  1. ^ Edwin Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, (1st ed.; New York: Macmillan, 1951; 2d ed.; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965; 3rd ed.; Grand Rapids: Zondervan/Kregel, 1983). ISBN 0-8254-3825-X, 9780825438257
  2. ^ 1 Kings 22:52
  3. ^ Barnes' Notes on 1 Kings 22, accessed 7 November 2017
  4. ^ 2 Chronicles 20:35-37
  5. ^ 2 Kings 1:17

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "Ahaziah". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.

Ahaziah of Israel
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Israel
853–852 BCE
Succeeded by