Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area
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The Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area, or ACCOBAMS, is a regional international treaty that binds its States Parties on the conservation of Cetacea in their territories. The Agreement aims is to reduce threats to Cetaceans in the Mediterranean and Black Seas, as well as in the contiguous Atlantic area west of the Straits of Gibraltar.
|Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area|
|Signed||24 November 1996|
|Effective||1 June 2001|
|Condition||Ratification by seven range states|
|Depositary||Government of Monaco|
Bodies of the agreementEdit
Meeting of the PartiesEdit
The Meeting of the Parties (MOP) is the main decision-making body of the Agreement. It meets triennially to review progress made towards the implementation of the Agreement, as well as any challenges this implantation faces. The MOP also adopts the budget for the Agreements and reviews scientific assessments on the conservation status of cetaceans of the Agreement area. Finally, at the MOP, member states also lay out the priorities for the next triennium.
Member states of the Agreement are automatically entitled to representation at the MOP and each have one vote. Additionally, organisations qualified in the conservation of cetaceans may also be represented by observers in the MOP.
The Bureau is the working body of the agreement and acts as the decision-making body for the agreement in-between the MOP, and carries out interim activities on it behalf. It also provides guidance to the Secretariat concerning the implementation and promotion of the Agreement.
The Bureau is composed of a Chair and Vice-Chairs, all elected by the MOP. Additionally, the Chair of the Scientific Committee is invited to participate as an observer. The Bureau meets at least once a year.
The Secretariat is the executive body of the Agreement. It coordinates and organises the activities of the MOP, the Bureau and the Scientific Committee in order to ensure they can fully perform their assigned duties. Additionally, it monitors the budget, works to increase public awareness concerning the Agreement and its objectives, executes decisions addressed to it by the MOP and creates a report to present at each MOP on the work of all bodies of the Agreement.
The Scientific Committee acts as an advisory body to the MOP. Its main duties include:
- Providing advice to the MOP on scientific and technical matters
- Conducting scientific assessments of the conservation status of cetacean populations in the Agreement Area
- Advising on the development and co‐ordination of international research and monitoring programmes
- Preparing for each session of the MOP a report of its activities
The Scientific Committee is composed of "persons qualified as experts in cetacean conservation science" and meets at the request of the MOP.
According to Article 1 of the Agreement, the geographic scope of this Agreement is as follows:
- All the maritime waters of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, and their gulfs and seas
- The internal waters connected to, or interconnecting, these maritime waters
- The Atlantic area contiguous to the Mediterranean Sea west of the Straits of Gibraltar
In 2010, at MOP4, Portugal and Spain both submitted proposals to extend the Agreement area to cover parts of their respective exclusive economic zones. The proposal was adopted at the MOP, as Resolution A/4.1, and is currently in effect.
- Common Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata)
- Sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis)
- Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)
- Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
- Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus)
- Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
- Risso's Dolphin (Grampus griseus)
- Killer Whale (Orcinus orca)
- Pygmy Killer Whale (Feresa attenuata)
- Long-Finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala melas)
- Rough-Toothed Dolphin (Steno bredanensis)
- Striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba)
- Short-Finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus)
- Common Dolphin (Delphinus delphis)
- False Killer Whale (Pseudorca crassidens)
- Black Sea Common Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus ponticus)
The following are all the States Parties to the Agreement, as well as the date the Agreement entered into force in waters under their jurisdiction:
|Country||Signature||Ratification||Entry into Force|
|Albania||24 November 1996||25 May 2001||1 October 2001|
|Algeria||19 March 2007||1 December 2007|
|Bulgaria||16 September 1999||23 September 1999||1 June 2001|
|Croatia||24 November 1996||3 May 2000||1 June 2001|
|Cyprus||24 November 1996||30 January 2006||1 May 2006|
|Egypt||4 March 2010||1 July 2010|
|France||24 November 1996||26 February 2004||1 June 2004|
|Georgia||24 November 1996||30 March 2001||1 June 2001|
|Greece||24 November 1996||24 November 1996||1 June 2001|
|Italy||24 November 1996||10 February 2005||1 September 2005|
|Lebanon||5 May 2004||1 March 2005|
|Libya||12 May 2002||1 September 2002|
|Malta||23 March 2001||23 March 2001||1 June 2001|
|Monaco||24 November 1996||25 April 2001||1 June 2001|
|Montenegro||17 February 2009||1 August 2009|
|Morocco||28 March 1997||13 May 1999||1 June 2001|
|Portugal||24 November 1996||30 September 2004||1 January 2005|
|Romania||28 September 1998||13 June 2000||1 June 2001|
|Slovenia||12 July 2006||1 December 2006|
|Spain||24 November 1996||7 January 2001||1 June 2001|
|Syrian Arab Republic||7 February 2002||1 June 2002|
|Tunisia||24 November 1996||21 December 2001||1 April 2002|
|Turkey||29 May 2017||1 February 2018|
|Ukraine||9 July 2003||1 January 2004|
Other Range States:
- "ACCOBAMS". CMS. UNEP/CMS Secretariat. n.d. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
- "ACCOBAMS". OceanCare. OceanCare. n.d. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "ODO becomes ACCOBAMS Partner". Oceanomare Delphis. Oceanomare Delphis ONLUS. n.d. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- Wikisource. . Monaco: ACCOBAMS Secretariat. 1996 – via
- "Resolution A/4.1 – Amendments: Extension of the ACCOBAMS Geographical Scope" (PDF). ACCOBAMS. ACCOBAMS Secretariat. 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "18th ASCOBANS Advisory Committee Meeting" (PDF). ASCOBANS. ASCOBANS Secretariat. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- Wikisource. . Monaco: ACCOBAMS Secretariat. 1996 – via
- di Sciara, Giuseppe Notarbartolo; Alexei, Birkun Jr. (2010). Conserving whales, dolphins and porpoises in the Mediterranean and Black Seas: an ACCOBAMS status report, 2010 (PDF) (Report). Monaco: ACCOBAMS. p. 212. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "List of Contracting Parties and Signatories to the Agreement" (PDF). ACCOBAMS. ACCOBAMS Permanent Secretariat. n.d. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- Authier, Matthieu; et al. (2017). "Cetacean conservation in the Mediterranean and Black Seas: Fostering transboundary collaboration through the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive" (PDF). Marine Policy. 82 (2017): 98–103. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.05.012. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
- United Nations Environmental Programme (May 2015). "ACCOBAMS Survey Initiative - Project Identification Document" (PDF). Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas. RAC/SPA. pp. 13–16. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
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