Agnes of Waiblingen

Agnes of Waiblingen (1072/73 – 24 September 1143), also known as Agnes of Germany, Agnes of Poitou and Agnes of Saarbrücken, was a member of the Salian imperial family. Through her first marriage, she was Duchess of Swabia; through her second marriage, she was Margravine of Austria.[1][2]

Agnes of Waiblingen
Duchess consort of Swabia
Margravine consort of Austria
Markgraefin Agnes.JPG
Margravine Agnes, Babenberg pedigree, Klosterneuburg Monastery, c. 1490
Died24 September 1143 (aged 70–71)
Noble familySalian
FatherHenry IV, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherBertha of Savoy


She was the daughter of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, and Bertha of Savoy.[3]

First marriageEdit

In 1079, aged seven, Agnes was betrothed to Frederick, a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty; at the same time, Henry IV invested Frederick as the new duke of Swabia.[4] The couple married in 1086, when Agnes was fourteen. They had eleven children, named in a document found in the abbey of Lorsch:

  • Hedwig-Eilike (1088–1110), married Friedrich, Count of Legenfeld
  • Bertha-Bertrade (1089–1120), married Adalbert, Count of Elchingen
  • Frederick II of Swabia
  • Hildegard
  • Conrad III of Germany
  • Gisihild-Gisela
  • Heinrich (1096–1105)
  • Beatrix (1098–1130), became an abbess
  • Kunigunde-Cuniza (1100–1120/1126), wife of Henry X, Duke of Bavaria (1108–1139)[5]
  • Sophia, married a count named Adalbert
  • Fides-Gertrude, married Hermann III, Count Palatine of the Rhine

Second marriageEdit

Following Frederick's death in 1105,[6] Agnes married Leopold III (1073–1136), the Margrave of Austria (1095–1136).[7] According to a legend, a veil lost by Agnes and found by Leopold years later while hunting was the instigation for him to found the Klosterneuburg Monastery.[1]

Their children were:[8]

According to the Continuation of the Chronicles of Klosterneuburg, there may have been up to seven other children (possibly from multiple births) stillborn or who died in infancy.

In 1125, Agnes' brother, Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, died childless, leaving Agnes and her children as heirs to the Salian dynasty's immense allodial estates, including Waiblingen.

In 1127, Agnes' second son, Konrad III, was elected as the rival King of Germany by those opposed to the Saxon party's Lothar III. When Lothar died in 1137, Konrad was elected to the position.[1]

Sources and further readingEdit

  • Karl Lechner, Die Babenberger, 1992.
  • Brigitte Vacha & Walter Pohl, Die Welt der Babenberger: Schleier, Kreuz und Schwert, Graz, 1995.
  • Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 45-24
  • I.S. Robsinson, Henry IV of Germany, 1056-1106 (Cambridge 2003).
  • H. Decker-Hauff, Die Zeit der Staufer, vol. III (Stuttgart, 1977).


  1. ^ a b c Wilhelm Muschka (22 May 2012). Agnes von Waiblingen - Stammmutter der Staufer und Babenberger-Herzöge: Eine mittelalterliche Biografie. Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag. p. 74. ISBN 978-3-8288-5539-7.
  2. ^ Thomas Oliver Schindler. "Die Staufer - Ursprung und Aufstieg eines Herrschergeschlechts". Grin. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  3. ^ Robinson, Henry, p. 266
  4. ^ Robinson, Henry, pp. 189, 223.
  5. ^ Decker-Hauff, Zeit der Staufer, III, p. 350.
  6. ^ Robinson, Henry, p. 330.
  7. ^ Robinson, Henry, p. 332.
  8. ^ Decker-Hauff, Zeit der Staufer, III, p. 346