Aglianico del Vulture
Aglianico del Vulture and Aglianico del Vulture Superiore are Italian red wines based on the Aglianico grape and produced in the Vulture area of Basilicata. Located on volcanic soils derived from nearby Mount Vulture, it was awarded Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) status in 1971. The Superiore was elevated to a separate Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) status in 2011, the only DOCG wine in Basilicata.
Bottles of Aglianico del Vulture
|Size of planted vineyards||375 hectares (930 acres)|
|Wine produced||22,200 hl|
|Comments||Aglianico del Vulture Superiore is a separate DOCG|
Like all the Aglianico grape varieties, Aglianico del Vulture has ancient origins and it is believed to have been introduced by the Greeks in southern Italy in the 7th or 6th century BC. Remains of a wine press of the Roman age have been found in the area of Rionero in Vulture, as well as a bronze coin depicting the deity of Dionysus. Some of the literary references about the history of Aglianico del Vulture have been left by Horace, the Roman poet born in Venosa who celebrated the beauty of his native land and the quality of the wine.
Under the Swabian empire, Frederick II promoted the cultivation of the vineyard. In 1280 Charles of Anjou ordered the giustiziere of Basilicata the supply of 400 salme (equal to 185 liters) of "vino rubeo Melfie" (red wine of Melfi) when planning a summer stay at Castel Lagopesole with the Angevin court. The wines of the Vulture, appreciated by the Swabian and Angevin sovereigns, were also requested by the Florentine merchants of the time.
Subsequently there was a notable increase in viticulture, also linked to the new uses of wine in the celebration of mass and in medicine. In the 15th century, vineyards covered the slopes of Mount Vulture between Melfi, Rapolla, and Barile. Wine cellars were often excavated in caves there, and today many prominent wineries retain cellars in the old caves.
Most of the vineyards are located on higher altitudes in the region, typically between 450 to 600 meters. The Aglianico grape ripens late and is often one of the last non-dessert wine grapes to be harvested in Italy being picked from late October to early November. When yields are kept low, the grape will produce intensely flavored wines.
In recent years there has been movement towards the use of new French oak barrels for aging the wine instead of large chestnut casks. The Superiore wine must have 13.5% minimum alcohol level and have been aged for at least three years, with wines labeled riserva being aged for at least five years, two of which must be in wood.
Aglianico del Vulture wines have the potential to be full-bodied, richly textured with a firm tannic structure and chocolate-cherry notes. In their youth, the wines can be more rustic and harsh but they can develop soft tannins and more silky texture as they age, having the potential to improve in the bottle for 6 to 20 years.
Aglianico del Vulture can be produced only in the following communes: Rionero in Vulture, Barile, Rapolla, Ripacandida, Ginestra, Maschito, Forenza, Acerenza, Melfi, Atella, Venosa, Lavello, Palazzo San Gervasio, Banzi, Genzano di Lucania.
- "Aglianico del Vulture DOC". Italian Wine Central. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "Aglianico del Vulture Superiore DOCG". Italian Wine Central. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 7 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6
- Gambero Rosso, Il libro del vino. Manuale teorico & pratico, 2004, G.R.H. S.p.A., pag. 167 ISBN 88-87180-79-2
- "Italy's Great Unknown: Aglianico del Vulture". winereviewonline.com. 1 May 2007. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- "Aglianico del Vulture: The Basilicata Region Produces One of the Great Undiscovered Wines of Italy". intowine.com. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- Francesco Sisinni, Ditirambo lucano: elogio oraziano del Vulture, del simposio, del vino e della Lucania, De Luca, 2008, p.51
- Giuseppe Coria, Il libro d'oro dei vini d'Italia, 1981, Mursia, p. 102
- "Francobollo Aglianico del Vulture Superiore DOCG". aglianicodelvulture.net.
- T. Stevenson "The Sotheby's Wine Encyclopedia" pg 295 Dorling Kindersley 2005 ISBN 0-7566-1324-8