Aglais is a Holarctic genus of brush-footed butterflies, containing the tortoiseshells. This genus is sometimes indicated as a subgenus of Nymphalis or simply being an unnecessary division from the genus Nymphalis,[1][2][3] which also includes tortoiseshells, but it is usually considered to be separate.[4] This proposed separate genus is also considered "brushfooted butterflies" historically together with the other or separate Nymphalis species.[1]

Small tortoiseshell butterfly (aglais urticae).jpg
Small tortoiseshell (Aglais urticae) on blackthorn in Otmoor, Oxfordshire, England
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Aglais
Dalman, 1816
Type species
Aglais urticae


Larvae Butterfly Scientific name Common name Distribution
  Aglais ichnusa Hübner, 1819 Corsican small tortoiseshell Corsica and Sardinia
    Aglais io (Linnaeus, 1758)[5] European peacock butterfly Europe and temperate Asia as far east as Japan.
  Aglais caschmirensis (Kollar, 1844) Indian tortoiseshell The Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikkim, Gissar Range- to Darvaz, Pamirs to Alay Mountains, Afghanistan, Pakistan, West China.
  Aglais ladakensis (Moore, 1882) Ladakh tortoiseshell Northern Himalayan ranges, Ladakh, Tibet, Chitral; Nilang Pass beyond Mussoorie; Sikkim, Chumbi valley.
    Aglais milberti (Godart, 1819) Milbert's tortoiseshell or fire-rim tortoiseshell Canada and Alaska, western United States
  Aglais rizana (Moore, 1872) mountain tortoiseshell Pamirs to Alay Range, Afghanistan, northwest Himalayas.
    Aglais urticae (Linnaeus, 1758) small tortoiseshell Europe, Asia Minor, Central Asia, Siberia, China, Nepal, Sikkim Himalayas in India, Mongolia, Korea and Japan


  1. ^ a b Evans, Arthur V. (2008). National Wildlife Federation Field Guide to Insects and Spider of North America. p. 293. Sterling Publishing, London. ISBN 978-1-4027-4153-1.
  2. ^ Savela, Markku (28 April 2019). "Nymphalis Kluk, 1780". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved 19 April 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Hoskins, Adrian. "Milbert's Tortoiseshell". Butterflies of Mexico, USA & Canada.
  4. ^ Sadka, Mike. "LepIndex Home". The Global Lepidoptera Names Index. Retrieved 15 March 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Linnaeus, Carl; Salvius, Lars (1758). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae :secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (pdf) (in Latin). v.1. Holmiae : Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii. p. 472. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.542. hdl:2027/hvd.32044106464480. OCLC 499504699. Retrieved 15 March 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

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