Agia Pelagia

Agia Pelagia (Greek: Αγία Πελαγία, "Saint Pelagia") is a popular seaside resort 23 km northwest of Crete's capital city of Heraklion. In former times, Agia Pelagia was a tiny fishing village and a place for the residents of nearby Achlada village to grow their crops. Today, the village built at the center of a picturesque amphitheatric bay has been transformed into a bustling tourist resort featuring five-star hotels, traditional seaside tavernas, cafes, bars, internet cafés, ATMs, and souvenir shops.

Agia Pelagia Beach

The village takes its name from the homonymous church, in the Monastery of the Sebbathians, ruins of which are found at a distance of 1 km west of the village. The beaches of the village are popular with locals and tourists because they are sheltered by the rock outcroppings that almost encircle Agia Pelagia Bay.[1][2]

ArchaeologyEdit

The first major excavations at Agia Pelagia were carried out at Cape Souda, near Evresi Cave, by Sir Arthur Evans. It was archaeologist Stylianos Alexiou, along with Dr. Athanasia Kanta, who performed the majority of later research.[3] Alexiou, and others put forward the hypothesis that Agia Pelagia was the site of ancient Panormos (Ancient Greek: Πάνορμος), also known as Aulopotamos (Αὐλοπόταμος). At the north end of Agia Pelagia Bay, remnants of excavations of the Hellenistic town of Apollonia (Ancient Greek: Ἀπελλωνία), also Apollonia (Ἀπολλωνία) can still be seen.

The legendary archaeologist John Pendlebury classified surface finds discovered at Agia Pelagia as "implied" proof of a Late Minoan settlement there.[4] Post-Minoan graves and the University (Prtanion) of the 4th century BC were found in 1970 at the site "Kladistos" or "Kladotos". Also, there is a nearby cave, with the name "Evresi", where - according to legend - local people found the icon of Agia Pelagia.

The village also has outcrops of blue-greenschist rock which was quarried and used to pave streets and floors of Minoan palaces between 1650 and 1600 BC.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hellander, Paul (2006). Greek islands (4 ed.). Lonely Planet. ISBN 1-74059-914-4.
  2. ^ "Crete: readers' tips, recommendations and travel advice". The Telegraph. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  3. ^ "The Gold Epistomia of Crete". Center for Hellenic Studies-Harvard University. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  4. ^ Pendlebury, J.D.S. (1965). The Archaeology of Crete. Penguin Random House. p. 263.
  5. ^ Tziligkaki, Eleni K. (2010). "Types of schist used in buildings of Minoan Crete" (PDF). Hellenic Journal of Geosciences. 45: 317–322. Retrieved December 1, 2018.

Coordinates: 35°24′25″N 25°01′07″E / 35.406821°N 25.018487°E / 35.406821; 25.018487