Agence des participations de l'État

Agence des participations de l'État (APE)("State participation agency") is a special agency of the French Republic managing the state's holdings in about 70 firms, including Orange, Renault and Air France.[1] It was established in 2004.[2] These firms can all be considered state-owned enterprises.

List of firmsEdit

The agency divides its holdings into enterprises that are freely traded on a stock exchange, and those that are not. Major enterprises in 2015, excluding minor entities, were:[3]

Freely traded enterprisesEdit

Non-traded enterprisesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Business in France: The long arm of the state". The Economist. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Agence des Participations de l'État". Site Internet de la direction générale du Trésor. Archived from the original on 2014-01-17. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Les participations publiques" (in French). Agence des participations de l'État. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016.

External linksEdit