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After Magritte

After Magritte is a surreal comedy written by Tom Stoppard in 1970. It was first performed in the Green Banana Restaurant at the Ambiance Lunch-hour Theatre Club in London.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Tom Stoppard wrote After Magritte during the period of his well-known plays Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead and The Real Inspector Hound. Stoppard was already well-established as a writer of stage, radio, and television plays. The idea struck for After Magritte came to him while writing the Radio play An Artist Descending a Staircase, which was based on a Marcel Duchamp painting of a similar name. Around this time Tom Stoppard was beginning to become interested in bringing his plays to an American stage.[2]

MotifsEdit

SurrealismEdit

After Magritte is an example of Surrealism in the arts, in which what is seen by the naked eye is not what the art necessarily expresses. The basis of the surrealism in this play is the predisposition of Rene Magritte as a surrealist painter; Stoppard sought to bring to life the characters inside of Magritte’s surrealist reality. The idea behind After Magritte is partly to represent the surrealist schools of thought that are shared between art forms, but also to animate Magritte's world of still images, and to its illogical situations perpetually illogical.[3]

Absurdism (Art vs Reality)Edit

After Magritte is also an example of Absurdism, which is based on the idea that humans are always in search of inherent meaning in life, even when there is no meaning—at least none that is understandable. As Rene Magritte's paintings places figures in situations that are devoid of meaning to our eyes, so Stoppard's characters try to find meaning, even as they don’t know why they are in this painting or why they are doing certain things. Stoppard creates confusion through his use of language: "Several critics have noticed the specific quality of language in the play, the use of puns and the fact that language is an inadequate means of describing reality."[4] 

 Setting of the playEdit

The setting of the play takes in an unidentified Rene Magritte painting that bears similarities to his L'assassin menacé.[4] Stoppard describes the set in his script: “The only light comes through the large window which is facing the audience…The central ceiling light hangs from a long flex which disappears up into the flies. The lampshade itself it a heavy metal hemisphere, opaque,…similarly hanging from the flies, is a fruit basket attractively overflowing with apples, oranges, bananas, pineapple, and grapes,…It will become apparent that the light fixture is on a counterweight system, it can be raised and lowered, or kept in any vertical position, by means of the counterbalance, which in this case is a basket of fruit. Most of the furniture is stack up against the street door in a sort of barricade, an essential item is a long low bench-type table, about eight feet long, but the pile also includes a settee, two comfortable chairs, a TV set, a cupboard and a wind up gramophone with an old-fashioned horn…”[5] The set as described by Stoppard resembles the beginning of the play Tango by Slawomir Mrożek, which was translated by Stoppard in 1966.[4]

SynopsisEdit

The play begins with an astonished policeman looking through the window of a house where a group of people are posed in a bizarre, surreal tableau reminiscent of the paintings of René Magritte. Finding this suspicious, he calls in his inspector.

Inside the room, a rational explanation for the tableau gradually becomes apparent. Two ballroom dancers, a man and a woman named Reginald and Thelma Harris, are hurriedly getting ready for an event. A lampshade which had used bullets as a counterweight has broken and a woman crawls on the floor to look for them. The mother plays the tuba.

The inspector arrives and asks about the family's memories of a man they had seen outside of the Tate Gallery, where a René Magritte exhibit is being held. He invents an entirely false story, accusing the family of complicity in a crime known as the Crippled Minstrel Caper. As he continues, the stage picture becomes increasingly ridiculous. For instance, the couple offers the inspector a banana as the male dancer stands on one foot. One scene is even performed in total darkness.[6] By the end of the play, the characters are posed in another Magritte-like tableau.

 PremiereEdit

Actors and characters for premiere at the Green Banana Restaurant at the Ambiance Lunch-hour Theatre Club in London.

Directed by Geoffrey Reeves

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stoppard Plays at http://www.doollee.com/PlaywrightsS/stoppard-tom.html
  2. ^ "Tom Stoppard Biography - life, family, children, name, history, school, mother, son, information, born, movie". www.notablebiographies.com. Retrieved 2017-12-04. 
  3. ^ Elam, Keir (Winter 1984). "After Magritte, After Carroll, After Wittgenstein: What Tom Stoppard's Tortoise Taught Us". Modern Drama. 27/4: 469–485 – via Project Muse. 
  4. ^ a b c Uchman, Jadwiga (1999). "WORDS AND IMAGES: TOM STOPPARD'S AFTER MAGRITTE" (PDF). FOLIA LITTERARIA ANGLICA. 3: 129–141. 
  5. ^ Stoppard, Tom (1996). Tom Stoppard: Plays 1. London: Faber and Faber. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978 0 571 11765 3 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help). 
  6. ^ Absurdist Reviews at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2007-11-27.