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Afshin (Persian: افشین‎ / Afšīn; Turkish: Afşın or Afşin) is a common Persian, Turkish and Urdu "Afsheen" given name, which is a modern Persian word derived from Avestan. Afshin was used by the Sogdians.[1] Historically, it was the princely title of the rulers of Osrushana at the time of the Muslim conquest.[2] The Afshins of Osrushana were an Iranian principality in Central Asia of whom the later Abbasid general Khaydhar ibn Kawus al-Afshin is the most famous.

Afshin / افشین
GenderMale
Language(s)Middle Persian
Other names
Variant form(s)Afšīn, Afşin, Afşın

Contents

EtymologyEdit

Afšīn is the Arabicized form of the Middle Persian Pišīn, which traces back to the Avestan Pisinah. In pre-Islamic Iranian tradition, it is the name of a grandson of Kayānid king Kavād (Yt. 13.132, 19.71). In the Islamic period, it is found as a proper name attested by Armenian historians in the form Ōšin (from Awšin).[3]

PeopleEdit

PlacesEdit

  • Afşin, a town in the Kahramanmaraş Province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mehrdad Kia (27 June 2016). The Persian Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 100–. ISBN 978-1-61069-391-2.
  2. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/afsin-princely-title
  3. ^ AFŠĪN in Encyclopedia Iranica. C.E. Bosworth. Online edition. 2010.