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Survival (Bob Marley & The Wailers album)

  (Redirected from Africa Unite)

Survival is the eleventh studio album by Bob Marley & The Wailers released in 1979.

Survival
Survival Album.jpeg
Studio album by
Released2 October 1979
RecordedJanuary–February 1979
StudioTuff Gong Recording Studio, Kingston, Jamaica
GenreReggae
Length38:02 (original)
44:25 (2001 remastered)
LabelIsland/Tuff Gong
ProducerBob Marley & The Wailers, Alex Sadkin
Bob Marley and The Wailers chronology
Babylon by Bus
(1978)
Survival
(1979)
Uprising
(1980)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic3/5 stars[1]
Christgau's Record GuideB[2]
Smash Hits5/10[3]
A sample of Zimbabwe.

Survival is an album with an outwardly militant theme. Some critics speculate that this was due in part to criticism Marley received for the laid-back, ganja-soaked atmosphere of his previous release, "Kaya", which seemed to sidetrack the urgency of his message.[4] In the song "Africa Unite", Marley proclaims Pan-African solidarity. The song "Zimbabwe" is a hymn dedicated to later-independent Rhodesia. The song was performed at Zimbabwe's Independence Celebration in 1980, just after the official declaration of Zimbabwe's independence.

Survival was originally to be called Black Survival to underscore the urgency of African unity, but the name was shortened to prevent misinterpretations of the album's theme.[4]

Contents

Track listingEdit

Original Tuff Gong LPEdit

All tracks written by Bob Marley, except where noted.

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."So Much Trouble in the World"4:00
2."Zimbabwe"3:51
3."Top Rankin'"3:10
4."Babylon System"4:21
5."Survival"3:53
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
6."Africa Unite" 2:54
7."One Drop" 3:51
8."Ride Natty Ride" 3:50
9."Ambush in the Night" 3:12
10."Wake Up and Live"Bob Marley, Anthony Davis4:58

Original Island Records LPEdit

All tracks written by Bob Marley, except where noted.

ILPS 9542 (1979)
Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Wake Up and Live"Bob Marley, Anthony Davis4:58
2."Africa Unite" 2:54
3."One Drop" 3:51
4."Ride Natty Ride" 3:50
5."Ambush in the Night" 3:12
Side two
No.TitleLength
6."So Much Trouble in the World"4:00
7."Zimbabwe"3:51
8."Top Rankin'"3:10
9."Babylon System"4:21
10."Survival"3:53

Tuff Gong cassetteEdit

All tracks written by Bob Marley, except where noted.

Jamaican pressing 7910 DP (circa 1984)
Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Wake Up and Live"Bob Marley, Anthony Davis4:58
2."One Drop" 3:51
3."Ride Natty Ride" 3:50
4."Ambush in the Night" 3:12
5."Top Rankin'" 3:10
Side two
No.TitleLength
6."Africa Unite"2:54
7."So Much Trouble in the World"4:00
8."Zimbabwe"3:51
9."Babylon System"4:21
10."Survival"3:53

Island Records LP re-issueEdit

All tracks written by Bob Marley, except where noted. Issued by Island Records with a Tuff Gong disc label. Track list revised, all tracks on side A move to side B and vice versa..

ILPS 9542 (i) or ILPM 9542 (1986)
Side one
No.TitleLength
1."So Much Trouble In The World" (Bob Marley)4:00
2."Zimbabwe"3:50
3."Top Rankin'"3:10
4."Babylon System"4:36
5."Survival"4:00
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
6."Africa Unite" 2:50
7."One Drop" 3:50
8."Ride Natty Ride" 3:50
9."Ambush In The Night" 3:10
10."Wake Up And Live"Bob Marley, Anthony Davis5:10

The Definitive Remastered edition (2001)Edit

All tracks written by Bob Marley, except where noted.

Current CD Version
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."So Much Trouble in the World" 4:00
2."Zimbabwe" 3:51
3."Top Rankin'" 3:10
4."Babylon System" 4:21
5."Survival" 3:53
6."Africa Unite" 2:54
7."One Drop" 3:51
8."Ride Natty Ride" 3:50
9."Ambush in the Night" 3:12
10."Wake Up and Live"Bob Marley, Anthony Davis4:58
11."Ride Natty Ride" (12-inch mix) 6:23
Total length:44:25

PersonnelEdit

MusiciansEdit

ProductionEdit

  • Producers – Bob Marley & The Wailers, Alex Sadkin
  • Mastering – Ted Jensen at Sterling Sound, NYC

Front coverEdit

The album's front cover depicts 48 African flags, 15 of which (in italics) are now obsolete, as well as the flag of Papua New Guinea:

  Kenya   Angola   Côte d'Ivoire   Ethiopia[a]   Chad   Egypt   Ghana
  Senegal   Sierra Leone   Cameroon   Tunisia   Niger   Nigeria   Guinea
  Gambia   Somalia   Upper Volta[b]   Zaire[c]   Guinea-Bissau   Liberia   Swaziland
  Madagascar   Togo   Mozambique   Central African Republic   Zimbabwe (ZAPU)   Seychelles   Zambia
  Lesotho   Uganda   Algeria   Mali   Sudan   Botswana   Morocco
  P.R. Congo[d]   Tanzania[e]   Burundi   Zimbabwe (ZANU)   Mauritius   Mauritania   Gabon
  Benin   Equatorial Guinea   Papua New Guinea   Malawi   São Tomé and Príncipe   Djibouti   Rwanda
  1. ^ Now the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
  2. ^ Now Burkina Faso.
  3. ^ Now the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  4. ^ Now the Republic of the Congo.
  5. ^ The flag is shown upside-down on the front cover.

Four states already sovereign by the time of the album's release didn't have their flags featured in its cover art: Cape Verde, Comoros, Libya and South Africa (which was under apartheid at the time).

Three states only came to sovereignty after the album's release and thus didn't have their flags included: Eritrea, South Sudan and Namibia.

The album's title appears in white (City typeface) with the Brookes slave ship engraving in the background.

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
France 487,400[6]
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[7] Platinum 100,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Planer, Lindsay. "Review: Survival Bonus Track". Allmusic. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  2. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: M". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved 4 March 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  3. ^ Starr, Red. "Albums". Smash Hits (1–14 November 1979): 29.
  4. ^ a b Tribute to Bob Marley The Daily Star.
  5. ^ Roger Steffens and Leroy Pierson, Bob Marley and the Wailers: The Definitive Discography (Cambridge, MA: Rounder, 2005)
  6. ^ "Les Meilleures Ventes de CD / Albums "Tout Temps"" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  7. ^ Sólo Éxitos 1959–2002 Año A Año: Certificados 1979–1990 (in Spanish), Iberautor Promociones Culturales, ISBN 8480486392, retrieved 25 April 2018