Open main menu

German Afghans are German citizens with Afghan ancestry and non-citizen residents born in, or with ancestors from, Afghanistan and the largest Afghan community in Europe and part of the Afghan diaspora. In 2015, the Federal Statistical Office of Germany estimated the number of people of Afghan descent residing in Germany at 156,000.[2] In particular, there are 35,805 Afghans in Hamburg.[3] Offenbach am Main and Hamburg had the highest shares of Afghan migrants among all German districts in 2011.[4]

German Afghans
Total population
251,000 (2017)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Hamburg, Northrhine-Westphalia (Essen, Dortmund), Hessen (Frankfurt, Darmstadt), Bayern (Munich), Lower Saxony (Hanover)
Pashto, Dari (Afghan Persian), German
majority Islam
with minorities of Hinduism, Sikhism, Christianity, Judaism, Atheism and Irreligion

The Afghan community in Germany is heterogeneous with various political views, as they are in Afghanistan (see Demography of Afghanistan). Though with the NATO involvement in Afghanistan, the community has come closer together due to shared hopes and worries; however, there are relatively few representative associations or organizations.

Germany forms one of the biggest Afghan diaspora communities in the world. It was estimated that the population numbered around 70,000 as of 2001.[5]

Following the European migrant crisis, the community rapidly expanded, numbering 253,000 in 2016, up from 75,000 in 2014.[6]

In 2016 there were 157 underage individuals of Afghan origin in child marriages according to the interior ministry.[7]



Among migrant groups to Germany, those from Afghanistan (along with those from Pakistan) have a higher rate of violations against the laws prohibiting sexual violence with a 6% rate.[8]


Around 250,000 Afghans are living in Germany.[9] In late December 2016, Germany decided to repatriate 11,900 Afghans back to their home country, what is known as Second collective deportation.[10]


Most Germans with Afghan heritage are Sunni Muslims, with some Shia minority. There is also a small population of Afghan Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Jews and nonreligious in Germany.

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ Population with a migration background in Germany - Results of the German microcensus (PDF), p. 66. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  3. ^ Population with a migration background in Hamburg's districts at the end of 2015 (PDF), p. 3. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  4. ^ "Kartenseite: Afghanen in Deutschland - Landkreise". 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Kinderehen: 1475 Minderjährige in Deutschland sind verheiratet". Spiegel Online. 2016-09-09. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  8. ^ "Kriminalität im Kontext von Zuwanderung - Bundeslagebild 2017". BKA. 2018. p. 27.
  9. ^ (, Deutsche Welle. "Second collective deportation of rejected asylum seekers from Germany arrives in Afghanistan - Germany - DW - 24.01.2017". DW.COM.
  10. ^ "Germany launches second wave of controversial Afghan deportations". 24 January 2017.

See alsoEdit