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Afghanistan Campaign Medal

The Afghanistan Campaign Medal (ACM) is a military award of the United States military which was created by Executive Order 13363 of President George W. Bush on November 29, 2004, and became available for general distribution in June 2005.[2] The medal was designed by the U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry.[3][4]

Afghanistan Campaign Medal
Afghanistan Campaign Medal.png
Afghanistan Campaign Medal
Awarded by United States Department of Defense
Type Campaign Medal
Eligibility U.S. military personnel
11 September 2001 - present
Awarded for service in Afghanistan
Status Active
Statistics
Established EO 13363, November 29, 2004; 12 years ago (2004-11-29)
First awarded 2004 (retroactive to October 24, 2001)
Precedence
Next (higher) Kosovo Campaign Medal[1]
Next (lower) Iraq Campaign Medal[1]
Related Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
NATO Medal
Afghanistan Campaign Medal ribbon.svg

Streamer AFGCS.PNG
Service ribbon and campaign streamer

The Afghanistan Campaign Medal is awarded to any member of the United States military who has performed duty within the borders of Afghanistan (or its airspace) for a period of thirty consecutive days or sixty non-consecutive days. The medal is retroactive to October 24, 2001, and is active until a date to be determined. Personnel who have been engaged in combat with an enemy force, or personnel who have been wounded in combat within Afghanistan, may receive the ACM regardless of the number of days spent within the country. The medal is also awarded posthumously to any service member who dies in the line of duty within Afghanistan, including from non-combat injuries such as accidents and mishaps.[5][6]

Contents

AppearanceEdit

The medal is bronze in appearance, 1 14 inches in diameter. It depicts above a range of mountains a map of Afghanistan. Around the top is the inscription "AFGHANISTAN CAMPAIGN." On the reverse, a radiating demi-sun superimposed by an eagle’s head couped. Inscribed across the bottom half of the reserve side are the three lines "FOR SERVICE IN AFGHANISTAN", enclosed by a laurel wreath.

Campaign phases and devicesEdit

The following are the established campaign phases for the Afghanistan Campaign Medal:[7][8][9][10]

Phase Name From To
Phase 1: Liberation of Afghanistan September 11, 2001 November 30, 2001
Phase 2: Consolidation I December 1, 2001 September 30, 2006
Phase 3: Consolidation II October 1, 2006 November 30, 2009
Phase 4: Consolidation III December 1, 2009 June 30, 2011
Phase 5: Transition I July 1, 2011 December 31, 2014
Phase 6: Transition II January 1, 2015 Present

For each campaign phase that an individual participates in, a 316 inch bronze service star is worn on both the suspension and service ribbon of the medal, with a 316 inch silver star being worn in lieu of five bronze stars:[7][11][12][13][14][15][16] The ACM may also be awarded with the Fleet Marine Force Combat Operation Insignia for qualified Navy service members such as hospital corpsmen assigned to Marine Corps units, as well as the arrowhead device for qualified Army service members.

Any one of the six phases  
Two of the six phases
Three of the six phases
Four of the six phases
Five of the six phases
All six phases

Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary MedalEdit

The Afghanistan Campaign Medal replaces the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOTEM) for service in Afghanistan and personnel who previously received the GWOTEM for Afghanistan service may elect to exchange the medal for the ACM. Both medals may not be received for the same period of service in Afghanistan and any current Afghanistan service will only be recognized with the Afghanistan Campaign Medal.[17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Army Regulation 600–8–22 Military Awards" (PDF). Army Publishing Directorate. p. 17. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Executive Order: Establishing the Afghanistan and Iraq Campaign Medals". 29 November 2004. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Error". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Factsheets : Afghanistan Campaign Medal". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "DoD Announces Criteria for Two New Campaign Medals" United States Department of Defense 07 April 2005
  6. ^ "New Campaign Medals Recognize Iraq, Afghanistan Service" Archived April 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. United States Department of Defense 07 April 2005
  7. ^ a b "Afghanistan Campaign Medal or Iraq Campaign Medal". Awards and Decorations Branch Article. Army Human Resource Command. Archived from the original on 11 September 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "News Release: Additional Phases Identified for Iraq and Afghanistan Campaign Medals". Defense.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-01-15. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  9. ^ New Campaign phase approved
  10. ^ DoD News, Defense Media Activity. "Operation Freedom’s Sentinel Qualifies for Campaign Medal". Department of Defense. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
    Tilghman, Andrew (19 February 2015). "Despite war's end, Pentagon extends Afghanistan campaign medal". MilitaryTimes. Gannett. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "Department of Defense Manual 1348.33, Volume 3" (PDF). Defense Technical Information Center. 23 November 2010. p. 51. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  12. ^ Army Regulation 600-8-22
  13. ^ Air Force Instruction 36-2803
  14. ^ "NAVADMIN 141/08". Retrieved 21 May 2008. 
  15. ^ Two Bulls, Richard. "Campaign Stars Established to Recognize Multiple Deployments". Naval Media Center Public Affairs. Retrieved 5 June 2008. 
  16. ^ Coast Guard Commandant Instruction 1650.25D
  17. ^ 578.29 Afghanistan Campaign Medal