Afar National Democratic Party

The Afar National Democratic Party (Amharic: የአፋር ብሔራዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ፓርቲ; ANDP) was a political party in Ethiopia. At the legislative elections held on 15 May 2005, the party won 8 seats, all from the Afar Region. The current Minister of Social Affairs and the Deputy Chairman of Pastoralist Affairs are members of the party.[1]

Afar National Democratic Party
Dissolved1 December 2019
Merger ofAfar Liberation Front
Afar People's Democratic Organization
Afar National Liberation Front
Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front
Afar National Democratic Movement
Merged intoProsperity Party
IdeologyAfar interests

It was reported that the ANDP was created in the latter half of 1999 from a merger of the Afar Liberation Front (ALF) and the Afar People's Democratic Organization with three smaller organizations—the Afar National Liberation Front, the Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front (ARDUF) and the Afar National Democratic Movement. However, there have been more recent reports indicating that the ALF and ARDUF continued operate as independent organizations.[2]

In the August 2005 Regional assembly elections, the party won 84 out of 87 seats in the Afar Region.[3]

In December 2019, the party merged with the Amhara Democratic Party (ADP), the Benishangul-Gumuz People's Democratic Unity Front (BGPDUF), the Ethiopian Somali People's Democratic Party (ESPDP), the Gambela People's Democratic Movement (GPDM), the Hareri National League (HNL), the Oromo Democratic Party (ODP) and the Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (SEPDM) to form the Prosperity Party.[4]


  1. ^ Ethiopian House of Peoples' Representatives Website Archived 2006-03-22 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ethiopia: Afar Liberation Front (ALF); role played within the Ethiopian government; number of current members of parliament; treatment of members and members' family by authorities, 21 October 2002, ETH39452.E (accessed 19 October 2009)
  3. ^ African Elections Database
  4. ^ Gedamu, Yohannes (13 December 2019). "The new political party of Ethiopia's Abiy holds much promise but faces significant hurdles". Quartz Africa. Quartz. Retrieved 15 December 2019.