Afanasyevo, Kirov Oblast

Afanasyevo (Russian: Афанасьево) is an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Afanasyevsky District of Kirov Oblast, Russia. Population: 3,435 (2010 Census);[3] 3,474 (2002 Census);[8] 4,982 (1989 Census).[9]

Afanasyevo

Афанасьево
View of the Kama from Afanasyevo
View of the Kama from Afanasyevo
Location of Afanasyevo
Afanasyevo is located in Russia
Afanasyevo
Afanasyevo
Location of Afanasyevo
Afanasyevo is located in Kirov Oblast
Afanasyevo
Afanasyevo
Afanasyevo (Kirov Oblast)
Coordinates: 58°51′12″N 53°15′37″E / 58.85333°N 53.26028°E / 58.85333; 53.26028Coordinates: 58°51′12″N 53°15′37″E / 58.85333°N 53.26028°E / 58.85333; 53.26028
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKirov Oblast[1]
Administrative districtAfanasyevsky District[2]
Founded1730Edit this on Wikidata
Elevation
217 m (712 ft)
Population
 • Total3,435
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
3,434 (−0%)
 • Capital ofAfanasyevsky District[2]
 • Municipal districtAfanasyevsky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementAfanasyevskoye Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofAfanasyevsky Municipal District, Afanasyevskoye Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
613060Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID33603151051

GeographyEdit

Located in a forested area on the right bank of the Kama River, the settlement covers 346 ha (850 acres) and includes 24 km (15 mi) of roads.[10]

HistoryEdit

The settlement was first recorded as the pogost of Zyuzdino-Afanasyevskoye in 1607, with a wooden church that burned down in 1729. According to documents in the oblast archives, the parish centered on the church was founded in the mid-17th century. A copy of the church charter from 1681 giving permission to build a new church was preserved. A second wooden church was built in 1730 and was dismantled in 1807, and a third in 1872.[10]

By the late 19th century, the volost centered on Zyuzdino-Afanasyevskoye, part of Glazovsky Uyezd of Vyatka Governorate, included 34 villages and settlements with a mixed population of Permians and Russians.[11] The inhabitants engaged in farming, logging, and fishing, and seasonally worked in the iron ore and tar deposits of the region. At the time, the village included the volost administration, a zemstvo, parish and craft trade schools, and a public library. The villagers saw their first films in 1913 and before 1917 the village had only two streets. Exiled writer Vladimir Korolenko mentioned in the village in his stories about the area.[10]

After the village came under the control of the Bolsheviks in March 1919, a detachment under the command of N.F. Kuznetsov and commissar P.E. Kharin defended the village from the army of Alexander Kolchak. A monument was later erected in Afanasyevo on the site of the mass grave of the village defenders. In 1918, future professor and historian Dmitry Ageyevich Chugayev created the first Komsomol cell in the village.[10]

According to the 1926 Soviet Census, the village had 338 inhabitants. When the administrative division of the area was reorganized in 1929, Zyuzdino-Afanasyevo became the district center of Zyuzdinsky District of Kirov Oblast. A power station was built in the village in 1932, followed by the first machine tractor station in the district in 1938, a house of culture in 1939, and a dairy factory in 1942. An interfarm construction organization established in 1958 was responsible for the district administration building completed in 1975, the regional consumer services enterprise in 1965, a network of shops, a clinic, a secondary school, and a grain warehouse, among others. Afanasyevo gained urban-type settlement status in 1966, three years after being renamed,[11] although the first asphalt roads in the settlement were not paved until 1988.[10]

The district muse of fine arts was opened in 1989 and a covered market was built in 1998. By the early 2000s, the village included a bank, district communications center, district and children's libraries, two kindergartens, a music school, a vocational school, and a movie theater, among others. Businesses included a printing house, the dairy factory, and a forestry enterprise.[10]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Law #203-ZO
  2. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 33 203 8», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 33 203 8, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #284-ZO
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Kokurina 2002, pp. 42–43.
  11. ^ a b Kokurina 2002, pp. 39–40.

SourcesEdit

  • Kokurina, S.P. (2002). "Афанасьевский район". Энциклопедия земли Вятской [Encyclopedia of the land of Vyatka] (in Russian). 2, part 1. Kirovskaya oblastnaya pisatelskaya organizatsiya. ISBN 5-85271-103-9.
  • Законодательное Собрание Кировской области. Закон №203-ЗО от 4 декабря 2007 г. «О реестре административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Кировской области», в ред. Закона №350-ЗО от 11 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Кировской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вятский край", №227(4115), 11 декабря 2007 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kirov Oblast. Law #203-ZO of December 4, 2007 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of Kirov Oblast, as amended by the Law #350-ZO of November 11, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Kirov Oblast. Effective as of the day following ten days after the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Кировской области. Закон №284-ЗО от 7 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Кировской области и наделении их статусом муниципального района, городского округа, городского поселения, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №350-ЗО от 11 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Кировской области». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вятский край", №233–234 (3401–3402), 21 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kirov Oblast. Law #284-ZO of December 7, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kirov Oblast and on Granting Them the Municipal District, Urban Okrug, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement Status, as amended by the Law #350-ZO of November 11, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Kirov Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).