Aes uxorium

The Aes uxorium was a Roman tax paid by those who reached adulthood without marrying,[1] with the exception of the Vestal Virgins.[2]


It was first imposed by the censors in 403 BC under the Lex Papia Poppaea.[1] It was one of the many measures against caelibes (celibates), unless they married within 100 days. Not only did they have to pay the tax, but also they could not have a hereditas or a legacy (legatum)[2] A man, when he attained the age of sixty, and a woman, when she attained the age of fifty, were not included within certain penalties of the law.[3] If they had not obeyed the law before attaining those respective ages, they were perpetually bound by its penalties by a Senatus-consultum Pernicianum. A Senatus-consultum Claudianum so far modified the strictness of the new rule as to give a man who married above sixty the same advantage that he would have had if had married under sixty, provided he married a woman who was under fifty; the ground of which rule was the legal notion that a woman under fifty was still capable of having children.[3][4] If the woman was above fifty and the man under sixty, this was called Impar Matrimonium, and by a Senatus-consultum Calvitianum it was entirely without effect as to releasing from incapacity to take legata and dotes. On the death of the woman, therefore, the dos became caduca.


  1. ^ a b Harry Thurston Peck. Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. New York. Harper and Brothers. 1898.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b Ulpian Fragmentum xvii.1
  3. ^ a b Ulp. Frag. xvi
  4. ^ Suetonius, Claudius 23

See alsoEdit


  This article incorporates text from a free content work. Licensed under Public Domain License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons. Text taken from Aes Equestre, William Smith, D.C.L., LL.D.:, Bill Thayer. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875.. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use.