Adrian Gilbert Scott

Adrian Gilbert Scott (6 August 1882 – 23 April 1963) was an English ecclesiastical architect.

Adrian Gilbert Scott
Born6 August 1882
Died23 April 1963(1963-04-23) (aged 80)
NationalityBritish
Alma materBeaumont College
OccupationArchitect
Buildings
St James' Anglican Church, Vancouver, Canada

St Joseph RC Church, Harrow
Our Lady of Beauchief and St Thomas of Canterbury, Sheffield
All Saints Cathedral, Cairo
SS Mary & Joseph RC Church, Lansbury
St Joseph's, Upton
St Leonard's Church, St Leonards-on-Sea
ProjectsAylseford Priory
Tower for The Holy Name Church Manchester
St. Mary and St. Joseph Church on the Lansbury Estate, Poplar, East London.

Early lifeEdit

Scott was the grandson of Sir Gilbert Scott (George Gilbert Scott), son of George Gilbert Scott, Jr. (founder of Watts & Company in 1874), nephew of John Oldrid Scott, and the younger[1] brother to Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, all architects.

He was educated at Beaumont College, Old Windsor, as was his brother Giles, and designed the large war memorial still in the grounds of the college. He assisted his brother on a range of projects, including Liverpool Anglican Cathedral.[2]

CareerEdit

His early work includes his design of the school chapel at Mount St Mary's College in Spinkhill, South Yorkshire, which was completed in 1924, St Joseph RC Church, Harrow (1929–31)[3] and the RC Church of Our Lady of Beauchief & St Thomas[4] in Sheffield in 1932.

His work on the Anglican Cathedral in Cairo began in 1933[2] and it was consecrated in 1938.[5] This building was demolished in 1978 to make way for the building of a new Nile bridge (see Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East).

Scott embraced gothic and modernist designs, and he travelled to Canada in the course of his work. The design of St James' Anglican Church in Vancouver is a combination of Art Deco, Romanesque Revival, Byzantine Revival, and Gothic Revival architecture. The walls are made of reinforced concrete, and the floor features an hydronic heating system. The building was constructed between 1935 and 1937 and consecrated in 1938.

He started work on an altar at Saint Augustine Church in 1938; as of 2006, it is unfinished. He is also remembered for his design of the tower at The Holy Name Church Manchester.

He was also responsible for the design of St Mary and St Joseph Roman Catholic Church on the post-war Lansbury Estate in Poplar, East London, which has architectural similarities to St James', Vancouver.[6][7][8] On the Wirral he designed St Joseph's at Upton[3] and had the principal responsibility (in collaboration with his brother Giles) for the design of the rebuilt St Leonard's Church, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex (1953–61).[9] The new building at Aylesford Priory (1958-1965) is his work too.[10][11]

WorksEdit

Year Building Location Notes
1913 Grey Wings Ashtead, Surrey Grade II listed;[12] collaboration with Giles Gilbert Scott
1924 Mount St Mary's College Memorial Chapel Spinkhill, South Yorkshire Grade II listed[13]
1926-1928 Christ the King Roman Catholic Church Wimbledon Park, London
1928 Tower for the Church of the Holy Name of Jesus Manchester Grade I listed
1929-1930 Shepherd's Well 5 Frognal Way, Hampstead, London Grade II listed;[14] personal residence
1929-1931 Roman Catholic Church of St Joseph Harrow, London
1931-1932 Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady of Beauchief and St Thomas of Canterbury and Presbytery Sheffield, South Yorkshire Grade II listed[15]
1932-1938 All Saint's Anglican Cathedral Cairo, Egypt demolished in 1978 to make way for a new Nile bridge
1933 School Chapel, Farnborough Hill Farnborough, Hampshire
1935 Spaniards Mount 61 Winnington Road, Hampstead Garden Suburb, London Grade II listed;[16] personal residence
1935-1937 St James' Anglican Church Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
1937-1938 Roman Catholic Church of St Willibrords Manchester Grade II listed;[17] collaboration with Reynolds & Scott
1951 Roman Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception Farm Street, Mayfair London redesign of west front
1951-1954 Roman Catholic Church of St Mary and St Joseph Lansbury Estate, Poplar, London
1953-1954 Roman Catholic Church of St Joseph Upton, Wirral
1953-1961 St Leonard's Roman Catholic Church St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex collaboration with Giles Gilbert Scott
1957 Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady of Victories Kensington, London Grade II listed[18]
1958-1965 Aylesford Priory Aylesford, Kent
1959 Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady and St Rose of Lima Weoley Castle, Birmingham
1959-1960 Roman Catholic Church of St Anthony Portway, Woodhouse Park, Wythenshawe, Manchester Grade II listed[19]
1959-1961 St Alban's Anglican Church Holborn, London restoration after bomb damage
G.K. Chesterton Memorial Tower, Roman Catholic Church of St Teresa Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Catholic Herald Archive 8th August 1952". CatholicHerald.co.uk The Archive. 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Adrian Gilbert Scott". Encyclopedia.com. 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  3. ^ a b "St Joseph's Parish, Upton". St Joseph's, Upton, Shrewsbury Diocese. 2012. Archived from the original on 13 July 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Our Lady of Beauchief & St Thomas". Sandtoft Tiles. 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Adrian Gilbert Scott". Encyclopedia.com. 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  6. ^ "RC Church of St Mary and St Joseph, Poplar, London". Different Architecture for Different Times. manchesterhistory.net. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  7. ^ Harwood 2000, pp. 7.16–7.17.
  8. ^ "St Mary & St Joseph Church E14". The Knowledge Emporium. 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  9. ^ Harwood 2000, p. 6.10.
  10. ^ "Aylesford Priory". The Tiles and Architectural Ceramics Society. 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Aylesford Priory". English Priories Heritage Trail. 2012. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  12. ^ Historic England, "Grey Wings (1391240)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 November 2022
  13. ^ Historic England, "Mount St Mary's College Memorial Chapel (1462029)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 November 2022
  14. ^ Historic England, "Shepherds Well (1322138)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 November 2017
  15. ^ Historic England, "Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady of Beauchief and St Thomas of Canterbury and Presbytery (1271234)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 November 2022
  16. ^ Historic England, "Spaniards Mount (1259431)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 November 2017
  17. ^ Historic England, "Roman Catholic Church of St Willibrords (1346271)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 November 2022
  18. ^ Historic England, "Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady of Victories (1429916)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 November 2022
  19. ^ Historic England, "Roman Catholic Church of St Anthony (1417588)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 November 2022

BibliographyEdit