Adolf Warski

Adolf Warski (born Adolf Jerzy Warszawski; 20 April 1868 – 21 August 1937), was a Polish communist leader, journalist and theoretician of the communist movement in Poland.

Adolf Warski

Warski was born in Warsaw into an assimilated Polish Jewish family.[1] His father Saul, a commercial clerk, changed the name to Stanisław. The family was of pro-independence and patriotic traditions.[2][3][4]

Warski was active in the communist movement from 1889, becoming a member of the executive of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), and participated in the 1905 Russian Revolution. From 1918 he was a member of the Communist Party of Poland (KPP) and in 1926 was elected as a member of the Polish Parliament (Sejm). Warski held positions in the KPP's Central Committee (1919–29) and Politburo (1923-29, with an interruption), but then left Poland for the Soviet Union where he lived from 1929 until his death.[1][5] He was an atheist.[6]

An opponent of the Stalinisation of the KPP and of the Communist International, Warski was arrested during the Great Purge, in early 1937, and executed.[7] He was fully rehabilitated in 1956,[8] during the De-Stalinization process that followed Joseph Stalin's death, and the Szczecin shipyard, Stocznia Szczecińska Nowa, was renamed in his honor (Stocznia im. Adolfa Warskiego) by the authorities of the People's Republic of Poland.

References

  1. ^ a b Lerski, Halina (1996-01-19). Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966-1945. ABC-CLIO. p. 641. ISBN 9780313034565.
  2. ^ Lane, A. T. (1995). Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313299001.
  3. ^ Abraham, Richard (1989-08-04). Rosa Luxemburg: A Life for the International. Berg Publishers. ISBN 9780854961825.
  4. ^ Варский Адольф Станиславович
  5. ^ White, James D. (2001-03-13). Lenin: The Practice and Theory of Revolution. Macmillan International Higher Education. ISBN 9780333985373.
  6. ^ Lowy, Michael (2017-03-28). Redemption and Utopia: Jewish Libertarian Thought in Central Europe. Verso Books. ISBN 978-1-78663-087-2.
  7. ^ To the Masses: Proceedings of the Third Congress of the Communist International, 1921. BRILL. 2015-02-13. ISBN 9789004288034.
  8. ^ Deutscher, Isaac; Deutscher, Tamara (1984). Marxism, wars, and revolutions: essays from four decades. Verso. ISBN 9780860910954.