Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus (25 December 1876 – 9 June 1959) was a German chemist who won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1928 for his work on sterols and their relation to vitamins. He was the doctoral advisor of Adolf Butenandt who also won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1939.
Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
|Born||25 December 1876|
|Died||9 June 1959 (aged 82)|
|Awards||Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1928)|
|Fields||Organic chemistry |
|Doctoral advisor||Heinrich Kiliani|
|Doctoral students||Adolf Butenandt |
Adolf Windaus was born in Berlin. His interest in chemistry was raised by lectures of Emil Fischer. He started studying medicine and chemistry in Berlin and later in Freiburg. He got his PhD in early 1900 and focused on cholesterol and other sterols at the University of Freiburg. In 1913 he became professor of chemistry at the University of Innsbruck[chronology citation needed] and in 1915 he changed to the University of Göttingen[chronology citation needed] where he stayed until his retirement in 1944[chronology citation needed].
He was involved in the discovery of the transformation of cholesterol through several steps to vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol). He gave his patents to Merck and Bayer and they brought out the medical Vigantol in 1927.
- Karl Dimroth (1976). "Das Portrait: Adolf Windaus 1876-1959". Chemie in unserer Zeit. 10 (6): 175–179. doi:10.1002/ciuz.19760100603.
- H. H. Inhoffen (1960). "Adolf Windaus zum Gedächtnis". Naturwissenschaften. 47 (5): 97–99. Bibcode:1960NW.....47...97I. doi:10.1007/BF00628571.
- George Wolf (2004). "The Discovery of Vitamin D: The Contribution of Adolf Windaus" (PDF). J. Nutr. 134 (6): 1299–1302. PMID 15173387.
- Adolf Butenandt (1960). "Zur Geschichte der Sterin- und Vitamin-Forschung. Adolf Windaus zum Gedächtnis". J. Nutr. 72 (18): 645–651. doi:10.1002/ange.19600721802.