Admiralty flying fox

The Admiralty flying fox (Pteropus admiralitatum) is a species of fruit bat in the family Pteropodidae, the megabats. It is found in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.[1]

Admiralty flying fox
Pteropus admiralitatum.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Pteropodidae
Genus: Pteropus
Species:
P. admiralitatum
Binomial name
Pteropus admiralitatum
Thomas, 1894
Admiralty Flying Fox area.png
Admiralty flying fox range

Taxonomy and etymologyEdit

It was described by British zoologist Oldfield Thomas in 1894, based on specimens that were initially collected by the "Challenger" Expedition in 1875.[2] Its species name admiralitum is a New Latin rendering of "admiralty", which is in reference to the Admiralty Islands where this species was first documented. The Admiralty flying fox is possibly a species complex of three species, with one species occupying the Admiralty Islands and the Solomon Islands from Buka Island to Malaita Island. A second species is thought to occupy Western Province, Guadalcanal, and Malaita Island. The third species is thought to occupy Mussau Island and Emirau Island.[1]

DescriptionEdit

It is similar in appearance to the small flying fox, though it is smaller. It is further distinguished by its much smaller ears and the fact that its chest and abdomen are the same color. The top of its head is pale gray, while the back of its neck is a reddish-brown. Its dorsal fur is brown, with some white hairs interspersed. The head and body length is approximately 180 mm (7.1 in); its forearm length is 121 mm (4.8 in); its ear length is 17.5 mm (0.69 in).[3]

Range and habitatEdit

It is found in several countries in Oceania, including Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea.[1]

ConservationEdit

It is currently evaluated as least concern by the IUCN—its lowest conservation priority. While it is likely threatened to some extent by deforestation and exploitation for bushmeat, these are not considered major problems. Overall, it is not of concern because it has a large geographic range, presumably large population size, and it is not thought to be in rapid decline.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Lavery, T.H.; Bonaccorso, F.J.; Hamilton, S. (2020). "Pteropus admiralitatum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T18713A22079752. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T18713A22079752.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  2. ^ Thomas, O. (1914). "XLIX.—On mammals from Manus Island Admiralty group, and Ruk Island, Bismarck Archipelago". Journal of Natural History. 8. 13 (76): 434–439. doi:10.1080/00222931408693505.
  3. ^ Thomas, O. (1894). "XXXII.—Diagnosis of a new Pteropus from the Admiralty Islands". Journal of Natural History. 6. 13 (73): 293. doi:10.1080/00222939408677701.