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Admiralty station (MTR)

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Admiralty (Chinese: 金鐘; Cantonese Yale: Gāmjūng) is a Mass Transit Railway (MTR) station located on Hong Kong Island, in an area often referred to as Admiralty. The station's livery is blue, white and yellow. The station connects the Tsuen Wan Line with the Island Line in cross-platform interchange type. Before the opening of the Tsuen Wan branch line in 1982, it was part of the Kwun Tong Line.

Admiralty
金鐘
MTR
MTR rapid transit station
Admiralty Station 2017 07 part5.jpg
Platform 2
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin Jīnzhōng
Cantonese Yale Gāmjūng
Literal meaning Golden Bell
General information
Location Drake Street × Tamar Street, Admiralty
Central and Western District, Hong Kong
Coordinates 22°16′44″N 114°09′53″E / 22.2788°N 114.1646°E / 22.2788; 114.1646Coordinates: 22°16′44″N 114°09′53″E / 22.2788°N 114.1646°E / 22.2788; 114.1646
Owned by MTR Corporation
Operated by MTR Corporation
Line(s)
Platforms 6 (island platforms)
Connections Bus, public light bus, tram
Construction
Structure type Underground
Platform levels 3
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code ADM
History
Opened
  • 12 February 1980 (1980-02-12) (Kwun Tong Line)
  • 31 May 1985 (1985-05-31) (Island Line)
  • 28 December 2016[1] (South Island Line)
Services
Preceding station MTR MTR Following station
Central
Terminus
Tsuen Wan line Tsim Sha Tsui
towards Tsuen Wan
Central
towards Kennedy Town
Island line Wan Chai
towards Chai Wan
Terminus South Island line Ocean Park
Future
Terminus East Rail line Exhibition Centre
towards Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau
Route map

          Upper platforms
3
1
L2
L3
4
2
     Lower platforms
6
5
L6
Location
Hong Kong MTR system map
Hong Kong MTR system map
Admiralty
Location within the MTR system

The station is named after HMS Tamar (a place of land now known as the Tamar site), once the headquarters of the Royal Navy in Hong Kong – this, even though HMS Tamar had never actually been called the Admiralty. It was built on the former site of the Hong Kong naval dockyards, which was built in 1878 and demolished in the 1970s.

In 2011 to 2016, the station underwent major expansion to accommodate two new sets of platforms underneath the original structure to serve two more MTR lines, the South Island Line and the North South Corridor (part of the Sha Tin to Central Link). Yet the North South Corridor platform is not in service until 2021, the commencement of Sha Tin to Central Link phase 2.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Development and constructionEdit

The Government had given the MTR Corporation first refusal on the 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) site, which was subsequently sold to it in 1976 for around HK$200 million for cash and equity consideration.[2]

The Admiralty Centre, United Centre and Queensway Plaza formed part of development, and sit directly above the station.

On 12 February 1980, the segment of the first MTR line between Central and Tsim Sha Tsui was opened. At the time, Admiralty Station and Central Station were the only two MTR stations on Hong Kong Island.[3] The platforms began serving the Tsuen Wan Line on 10 May 1982.

Admiralty was always expected to be a transfer station to the Island Line. On 31 May 1985, the first phase of the Island Line (between Admiralty and Chai Wan) was opened, with Admiralty the temporary western terminus of the Island Line. To facilitate cross-platform interchange, the Tsuen Wan- and Chai Wan-bound platforms were located on a very wide island platform on the lower level, while the Central-bound and termination platforms shared another very wide island platform on the upper level. When the second part of the Island Line (Admiralty to Sheung Wan) opened in 1986, the termination platform became the Sheung Wan-bound platform, while the other platforms remained unchanged.[4]

2004 arson attackEdit

 
The platforms are wide enough for a very large number of passengers to change trains at the same time
 
Platform livery

At 9:14 a.m. on 5 January 2004, 14 passengers suffered minor injuries when a delusional 55-year-old man ignited two gas cylinders full of paint thinner in the first train car of a Central-bound train from Tsim Sha Tsui.[5] The driver decided to complete the journey and passengers were evacuated from the train in Admiralty.[6]

Station expansion and new linesEdit

Admiralty Station was expanded to serve two additional lines: the South Island Line on level L6 level and the North South Corridor of the Sha Tin to Central Link project on level L5.[7]

The South Island Line platforms opened on 28 December 2016[1] after a public open day on 24 December 2016,[8] giving residents in the Southern District much quicker access to Hong Kong Island's central business district. The opening date was delayed from 2015 due to technical problems in the deep tunnels for the new platforms. The North South Corridor, expected to open in 2021, will allow commuters from the northeast New Territories to interchange directly from the East Rail Line.[7][9]

A new underground interchange concourse with natural light was built to the east of the current concourse, taking up one level, allowing passengers to transfer to the new lines. The atrium was also expanded. The station expansion, located under Harcourt Garden, incorporated 34 escalators and five lifts to integrate with the existing station.[7] The Sha Tin to Central Link will be one level under the interchange concourse, with the South Island Line being directly below it.[7][9] Exits E1 and E2 are being rebuilt as one exit to accommodate the glass roof of the interchange concourse. This new exit E will not open until the Sha Tin to Central Link platforms open.[7] While the Sha Tin to Central Link tracks will have sidings for terminating trains south of the station, the South Island Line tracks end at bumper blocks north of the station with no overrun track.[9]

The narrowest part of the existing platforms on L3 level was widened to make better use of the first and second car of the Tsuen Wan Line train, as well as last two cars of Island Line trains. Tsuen Wan Line passengers in the Tsuen Wan direction now have easier access to these cars.[10] As for station facilities, the expansion brings along toilets in the paid area, a lift between concourse, ground level and concourse, and artwork in the station.

 
Art Work "Sense of Green" located between Level L5 and L6

The new station has two artworks.[7] The first is Sense of Green by Tony Ip, which is a new, bamboo-covered landscaped deck over Harcourt Garden.[7] The second, Urban Soundscape by Otto Li, is located along either side of the escalator shaft between the new and current stations. It depicts passengers' journeys through Admiralty.[7]

Usage and overcrowdingEdit

As the primary interchange point between the Tsuen Wan Line and Island Line, Admiralty is heavily congested during rush hours. Admiralty and North Point are the only cross-platform interchange stations between Kowloon and Hong Kong Island lines in the entire MTR system. Despite trains departing at capacity (every 2.1 minutes), commuters frequently have to board the second or even the third train when interchanging. The situation has deteriorated following fare cuts due to the MTR–KCR merger.[11]

Temporary measures are undertaken during peak hours, including the deployment of additional station assistants, adjustment of escalator directions[12] and making pacifying announcements by local celebrities.[13] In evening peak hours, some Tsuen Wan Line trains will be taken out of service at Central, and placed back to service at Admiralty, in order to relieve the demand at Admiralty.[14][15] In the long term, the existing signalling system of Tsuen Wan Line will be completed the upgradation by Thales Transport & Security in 2018.[16] In addition, around 2021 the North South Corridor (i.e. an extended version of the current East Rail Line) will commence service to Admiralty, diverting some cross-harbour and cross-border demand from the Tsuen Wan Line.

Station layoutEdit

U1 Footbridge
G Ground level Exits, Public Transport Interchange
L1 Concourse Customer Service, MTRShops, Hang Seng Bank
Vending machines, automatic teller machines
MTR Travel
Student Travel Scheme Office, MTR Lost Property Office
L2
Platforms
Platform 4      Tsuen Wan line towards Central (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 3      Island line towards Chai Wan (Wan Chai)
L3
Platforms
Platform 1      Tsuen Wan line towards Tsuen Wan (Tsim Sha Tsui)
Island platform, doors will open on the right
Platform 2      Island line towards Kennedy Town (Central)
L4 - Transfer lobby between uppermost and lowermost platforms
L5
Platforms
Platform 7      East Rail line (under construction) towards Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau (Exhibition Centre)
Island platform, doors will open on the right (under construction)
Platform 8      East Rail line (under construction) termination platform
L6
Platforms
Platform 6      South Island line towards South Horizons (Ocean Park)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right
Platform 5      South Island line towards South Horizons (Ocean Park)

Admiralty Station has a total of six underground floors; the uppermost (L1) floor has the fare control, lobby, shops, Customer Service Centre and other major facilities.[17]

On floor L2, passengers can access Platforms 4 (Tsuen Wan Line to Central) and 3 (Island Line to Chai Wan). One floor down, on level L3, are Platforms 2 (Island Line to Kennedy Town) and 1 (Tsuen Wan Line to Tsuen Wan).[17]

There are very wide passageways between the two platforms on each of floors L2 and L3; they are also curved platforms with trains going in opposite directions. The platforms are in the shape of a trapezium.[17] Because all the platforms are curved and a major interchange station, there are large stickers in front of the platform screen doors with "Mind the gap" text, which can only be found in this station.[citation needed] Passengers travelling from Eastern District and Wan Chai District can walk across to platform 1 to board the Tsuen Wan Line trains bound for West Kowloon, Kwai Chung and Tsuen Wan. Passengers travelling from West Kowloon, Kwai Chung and Tsuen Wan can walk across and board the Island line trains bound for Chai Wan from platform 3.[17]

Entrances and exitsEdit

Admiralty is part of the Central Business District of Hong Kong Island. There are many office buildings around the station. A major shopping mall, Pacific Place, is accessed through a pedestrian walkway from Exit F.[18]

  • A: Admiralty Centre  
  • B: Drake Street, Lippo Centre
  • C1: Queensway Plaza
  • C2: Taxi stand
  • D: United Centre  
  • E: Rodney Street   (Temporarily closed for construction on the Shatin to Central Link.[17] )
  • F: Pacific Place

Transport connectionsEdit

 
Admiralty (West) Public Transport Interchange above Admiralty Station

There is a bus terminus stretching across the length of Admiralty that can be reached from exits B, C2 and D. These buses connect to many different parts of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories.

Bus routesEdit

  • Bus
    • KMB, serving only cross-harbour routes on Hong Kong Island
    • First Bus
    • Citybus
    • Bus terminuses within walking distance of the station:
      • Admiralty (West) – Exit B
      • Admiralty (Tamar Street) – Exit B
      • Admiralty (Drake St) – Exit C2
      • Admiralty (East) – Exit D
      • Admiralty (Rodney St) – between Exit D

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "MTR's South Island Line to open on December 28". RTHK. 5 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Malcolm Surry, Metro's role in the property game, South China Morning Post, 16 July 1976
  3. ^ 地下鐵路首日通車紀念特刊 (in Chinese). Hong Kong: MTR Corporation. 1979 – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ 地下鐵路港島綫首日通車紀念特刊 (in Chinese). Hong Kong: MTR Corporation. 1985 – via Google Books. 
  5. ^ http://www.police.gov.hk/pprb/peb/english/K010504_e.html
  6. ^ Prosecution against arsonist on MTR train 2006 no.50High Court (Hong Kong) (Traditional Chinese)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "MTR – South Island Line > Station Information > Admiralty Station". www.mtr-southislandline.hk. Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  8. ^ "Christmas Eve Open Day at South Island Line Stations Ahead of Passenger Service Commencement on 28 December" (PDF). MTR. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c "MTR – Shatin to Central Link – Project Details – Alignment". www.mtr-shatincentrallink.hk. Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  10. ^ MTR Service Update (5 July 2016). "金鐘站新建部分" (in Traditional Chinese). MTR Service Update. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  11. ^ Passengers feel the crush after fare reductions, Anita Lam, 10 Mar 2008, SCMP [1]
  12. ^ "Minutes of meeting on Friday, 10 February 2017, at 10:00 am in Conference Room 2 of the Legislative Council Complex" (PDF). Legislative Council. Legislative Council. Retrieved 17 Sep 2017. 
  13. ^ "StarstruckStations". Facebook. MTR. Retrieved 17 Sep 2017. 
  14. ^ "Special crowd control measures". MTR Service Update. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  15. ^ 甄挺良; 黃雅盈. 港鐵新招解決放工逼爆人潮 中環「吉車」出金鐘載客過海. HK01 (in Chinese). HK01. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  16. ^ "MTR Officially Awards HK$3.3 Billion Signalling System Replacement Contract" (PDF). MTR. 3 March 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "Admiralty Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  18. ^ "Admiralty Station street map" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 July 2014.