At the top level of administration, Belarus is divided into six oblasts (voblasts or regions) and the city of Minsk, which has a special status as the capital of Belarus. Minsk is also the capital of Minsk Region.
|Regions and the Special administrative district of Belarus|
Рэгіёны і Спецыяльны адміністратыўны раён Беларусі (in Belarusian)
Регионы и Специальный административный район Беларуси (in Russian)
|Populations||(Regions only): 1,024,751 (Mogilev) – 1,471,240 (Minsk)|
|Areas||(Regions only): 25,118.1 km2 (9,698.14 sq mi) (Grodno) – 40,361.6 km2 (15,583.72 sq mi) (Gomel)|
At the second level, the regions are divided into raions (districts).
At the start of the 20th century, the boundaries of the Belarusian lands within the Russian Empire were still being defined. Basically in 1900 it contained the entire Minsk Governorate and Mogilev Governorate, the majority of Grodno Governorate, parts of Vitebsk Governorate and the parts of Vilna Governorate (the latter is now in Lithuania). World War I, the independence of Poland, as well as the 1920-1921 Polish–Soviet War affected the boundaries. In 1921, Belarus had what is now all of Minsk Governorate except for the western fringe, the western part of Gomel Region, a western slice of Mahilyow, and a small part of Vitebsk Region. In 1926 the eastern part of Gomel region was added. 
In Soviet Belarus, new administrative units, called oblast or voblast (cognate of Russian word oblast with prothetic v-) were introduced in 1938. And again, during World War II, the boundaries fluctuated. In 1939 they were reset with Belarus gaining territory to the west, Baranavichy, Belastok (Bialystok), Brest, Pinsk, and Vileyka oblasts. In 1944 Belastok was eliminated and the new oblasts of Babruysk, Grodno, and Polotsk were created. At that same time, Vileika oblast was renamed Molodechno oblast.
At different times between 1938 and 1960, the following oblasts existed:
- Babruysk Oblast, created 1944, eliminated 1954
- Baranavichy Oblast, created 1939, eliminated 1954
- Belastok Oblast, created 1939, eliminated 1944 (now Bialystok in Poland)
- Brest Oblast, created 1939
- Gomel Oblast, created 1938
- Grodno Oblast, created 1944
- Maladzyechna Oblast renamed from Vileyka Oblast 1944, eliminated 1960
- Mogilev Oblast, created 1938
- Minsk Oblast, created 1938
- Navahrudak Oblast, created 1939, renamed Baranavichy Oblast December 1939
- Pinsk Oblast, created 1939, eliminated 1954
- Polatsk Oblast, created 1944, eliminated 1954
- Polesia Oblast, created 1938, eliminated 1954
- Vitebsk Oblast, created 1938
- Vileyka Oblast, created 1939, renamed to Maladzyechna Oblast 1944
|Flag||Subdivision||Capital||Russian||Belarusian||Population (2019 Census)||Area (km2)||Density||Percentage of Belarus|
|GRP per capita
|GRP per capita
|1||Minsk||Br 36.9 billion||$14.0 billion||Br 18,300||$7,000|
|2||Minsk Region||Br 21.0 billion||$8.0 billion||Br 14,300||$6,000|
|3||Gomel Region||Br 13.3 billion||$5.0 billion||Br 9,500||$4,000|
|4||Brest Region||Br 12.6 billion||$5.0 billion||Br 9,400||$4,000|
|5||Grodno Region||Br 10.9 billion||$4.0 billion||Br 10,900||$4,000|
|6||Vitebsk Region||Br 9.9 billion||$4.0 billion||Br 8,700||$3,000|
|7||Mogilev Region||Br 8.9 billion||$3.0 billion||Br 8,900||$3,000|
- ISO 3166-2:BY, the ISO codes of the oblasts of Belarus.
- List of regions of Belarus by Human Development Index
- Belarus Regions
- Minsk summary, at the website of the Belarus embassy in Russia.
- "Regions of Belarus". Statoids.
- Official 2019 census results
- "National Bank of the Republic of Belarus".