Regions of Belarus

At the top level of administration, Belarus is divided into six oblasts (voblasts or regions) and the city of Minsk,[1] which has a special status as the capital of Belarus. Minsk is also the capital of Minsk Region.[2]

Regions and the Special administrative district of Belarus
Рэгіёны і Спецыяльны адміністратыўны раён Беларусі (in Belarusian)
Регионы и Специальный административный район Беларуси (in Russian)
Belarus, administrative divisions - en - colored.png
CategoryUnitary state
  • 1960
Number7 regions
Populations(Regions only): 1,024,751 (Mogilev) – 1,471,240 (Minsk)
Areas(Regions only): 25,118.1 km2 (9,698.14 sq mi) (Grodno) – 40,361.6 km2 (15,583.72 sq mi) (Gomel)
  • Region government

At the second level, the regions are divided into raions (districts).

The layout and extent of the regions were set in 1960 when Belarus (then the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic) formed a constituent republic of the Soviet Union.[3]


At the start of the 20th century, the boundaries of the Belarusian lands within the Russian Empire were still being defined. Basically in 1900 it contained the entire Minsk Governorate and Mogilev Governorate, the majority of Grodno Governorate, parts of Vitebsk Governorate and the parts of Vilna Governorate (the latter is now in Lithuania).[3] World War I, the independence of Poland, as well as the 1920-1921 Polish–Soviet War affected the boundaries. In 1921, Belarus had what is now all of Minsk Governorate except for the western fringe, the western part of Gomel Region, a western slice of Mahilyow, and a small part of Vitebsk Region. In 1926 the eastern part of Gomel region was added. [3]

In Soviet Belarus, new administrative units, called oblast or voblast (cognate of Russian word oblast with prothetic v-) were introduced in 1938. And again, during World War II, the boundaries fluctuated. In 1939 they were reset with Belarus gaining territory to the west, Baranavichy, Belastok (Bialystok), Brest, Pinsk, and Vileyka oblasts. In 1944 Belastok was eliminated and the new oblasts of Babruysk, Grodno, and Polotsk were created. At that same time, Vileika oblast was renamed Molodechno oblast.[3]

At different times between 1938 and 1960, the following oblasts existed:


Regions of Belarus
Flag Subdivision Capital Russian Belarusian Population (2019 Census)[4] Area (km2) Density Percentage of Belarus
City of Minsk
Минск Мінск 2,018,281 305.50 6,606.48 21.44%
2   Brest Region Brest Брестская Брэсцкая 1,348,115 32,790.68 41.11 14.32%
3   Gomel Region Gomel Гомельская Гомельская 1,388,512 40,361.66 34.40 14.75%
4   Grodno Region Grodno Гродненская Гродзенская 1,026,816 25,118.07 40.88 10.91%
5   Mogilev Region Mogilev Могилёвская Магілёўская 1,024,751 29,079.01 35.24 10.89%
6   Minsk Region Minsk Минская Мінская 1,471,240 39,912.35 36.86 15.63%
7   Vitebsk Region Vitebsk Витебская Вiцебская 1,135,731 40,049.99 28.36 12.06%
All Belarus Minsk Беларусь 9,413,446 207,617.26 45.34 100.00%
Gross regional product in 2019
Rank Region GRP
(in BYN)[5]
(in USD)
GRP per capita

(in BYN)

GRP per capita

(in USD)[6]

1   Minsk Br 36.9 billion $14.0 billion Br 18,300 $7,000
2   Minsk Region Br 21.0 billion $8.0 billion Br 14,300 $6,000
3   Gomel Region Br 13.3 billion $5.0 billion Br 9,500 $4,000
4   Brest Region Br 12.6 billion $5.0 billion Br 9,400 $4,000
5   Grodno Region Br 10.9 billion $4.0 billion Br 10,900 $4,000
6   Vitebsk Region Br 9.9 billion $4.0 billion Br 8,700 $3,000
7   Mogilev Region Br 8.9 billion $3.0 billion Br 8,900 $3,000

Historical divisionEdit

Administarative division of Belarusian SSR by year

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Belarus Regions
  2. ^ Minsk summary, at the website of the Belarus embassy in Russia.
  3. ^ a b c d "Regions of Belarus". Statoids.
  4. ^ Official 2019 census results
  5. ^
  6. ^ "National Bank of the Republic of Belarus".

External linksEdit