Adenitis

Adenitis is a general term for an inflammation of a gland.[1] Often it is used to refer to lymphadenitis which is the inflammation of a lymph node.

Adenitis
SpecialtyEndocrinology

ClassificationEdit

Lymph node adenitisEdit

Lymph adenitis or lymph node adenitis is caused by infection in lymph nodes. The infected lymph nodes typically become enlarged, warm and tender. A swelling of lymph nodes due to growth of lymph cells is called lymphadenopathy. Types include:

  • Neck
  • Abdomen
    • Mesenteric adenitis is an inflammation of the mesenteric lymph nodes in the abdomen. It can be caused by the bacterium Yersinia enterocolitica.[2] If it occurs in the right lower quadrant, it can be mistaken for acute appendicitis, often preceded by a sore throat. Clinical manifestations may include fever, right lower quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Most often occurs in children age 5-14.

OtherEdit

Sebaceous adenitis is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands in the skin. These glands normally produce sebum (skin oil, a lipid-rich secretion) which prevents drying of the skin.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Adenitis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ Ellis H, Calne R, Watson C. Lecture Notes on General Surgery tenth edition, p. 28. ISBN 0-632-06371-8

External linksEdit

Classification