Adelong, New South Wales

Adelong is a small town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia, situated on the banks of the Adelong Creek. Adelong sits on the Snowy Mountains Highway and is a part of the Snowy Valleys Council. At the 2016 census, Adelong had an urban population of 943.[1]

Adelong
New South Wales
Adelong December 2005.jpg
Main street
Adelong is located in New South Wales
Adelong
Adelong
Coordinates35°18′S 148°03′E / 35.300°S 148.050°E / -35.300; 148.050Coordinates: 35°18′S 148°03′E / 35.300°S 148.050°E / -35.300; 148.050
Population943 (2016 census)[1]
Established1836
Postcode(s)2729
Elevation303 m (994 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Snowy Valleys Council
CountyWynyard
State electorate(s)Wagga Wagga
Federal Division(s)Eden-Monaro
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
21.8 °C
71 °F
6.7 °C
44 °F
790.5 mm
31.1 in

EtymologyEdit

Adelong's name is said to be derived from the local Aboriginal language meaning "along the way" or "plain with a river".[3]

HistoryEdit

In 1852 during the Australian Gold Rush, gold was discovered at Upper Adelong. Records around the time indicated a yield of 198kg of precious metals. In 1855 Adelong was declared a gold field. The Adelong township, which was first established in 1836, came alive when in 1857 William Willams discovered a gold bearing reed ore on Charcoal Hill. Alluvial mining and panning along the Adelong Creek was followed by mines being staked in the surrounding hills and water and steam powered stamper batteries were located along the creek to crush and process the hard pyritic quartz ore.[4] These included the heritage-listed Adelong Falls Gold Workings.

The gold ran out in the latter part of the 19th century and the pastoral industry became the principal activity. This was mainly Merino sheep and beef cattle, and continues now. Over the last 20 years a tourist industry has developed because of the pleasant scenery and gold mining history. During the gold rush many Chinese people worked in the mines, a lot of whom died and were buried in a special portion of the Adelong cemetery. The Chinese portion of the cemetery was obliterated in the early 1900s. One or two elderly Chinese and Indians still lived in Adelong in the 1950s. A community named Cornishtown existed about a mile to the west of Adelong till the 1940s.[5]

Heritage listingsEdit

Adelong has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

EducationEdit

There are currently two primary schools, Adelong Public School and St. Joseph's Primary School, servicing the town and surrounding areas.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Adelong (state suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  
  2. ^ Travelmate Archived 2007-03-25 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Madden, Rod; Longworth, Jim (February 1998). "The Perseverance Gold-mining Company Tramway". Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin. 49 (724): 54–60.
  4. ^ "Adelong". www.adelong.org.au.
  5. ^ "Adelong, New South Wales". Local History Library. Internet Family History Association of Australia. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
  6. ^ "Adelong Falls Gold Workings/Reserve". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00072. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Hillas Hut and other buildings". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00625. Retrieved 18 May 2018.