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Addison Brown (February 21, 1830 – April 9, 1913) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York and a botanist.

Addison Brown
Addison Brown by Whipple, 1852.png
Brown in 1852
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
In office
June 2, 1881 – August 30, 1901
Appointed byJames A. Garfield (recess)
Chester A. Arthur (commission)
Preceded byWilliam Gardner Choate
Succeeded byGeorge Bethune Adams
Personal details
Addison Brown

(1830-02-21)February 21, 1830
West Newbury, Massachusetts
DiedApril 9, 1913(1913-04-09) (aged 83)
New York City, New York
Resting placeWoodlawn Cemetery
The Bronx, New York
EducationHarvard University (A.B.)
Harvard Law School (LL.B.)


Education and careerEdit

Born on February 21, 1830, in West Newbury, Massachusetts, Brown received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1852 from Harvard University and a Bachelor of Laws in 1854 from Harvard Law School. Brown entered private practice in New York City, New York from 1855 to 1881.[1]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Brown received a recess appointment from President James A. Garfield on June 2, 1881, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Judge William Gardner Choate. He was nominated to the same position by President Chester A. Arthur on October 12, 1881. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 14, 1881, and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on August 30, 1901, due to his retirement.[1]


Brown's judicial opinions, upward of 1800 in number, dealing largely with the law of shipping, admiralty, extradition, and bankruptcy, are included in Volumes 8 through 115 of The Federal Reporter.[citation needed]


The sarcophagus of Addison Brown in Woodlawn Cemetery

Brown died on April 9, 1913, in New York City.[1] He was interred in a grandiose sarcophagus at Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx.[citation needed]


Brown married his first wife, Mary C. Barrett, on January 1, 1856.[2] He later married Hellen Carpenter Gaskin, with whom he had four children.


Brown also gained a reputation as a botanist. In 1875, he joined the Torrey Botanical Club of New York and was an active member for many years, serving as President from 1893 to 1905.[3] In his role as president, Brown served on the Botanical Garden Committee and is recognized as one of the founders of the New York Botanical Garden in 1891.[3] Brown wrote many notes for the publications of the Torrey Botanical Club and published the following works:

  • Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada (three volumes, 1896–98; new edition, 1913 — with Nathaniel L. Britton)
  • The Elgin Botanical Garden and its Relation to Columbia College and the New Hampshire Grants (1908)

He also left a bequest for the annual publishing of a botanical magazine, subsequently called Addisonia, devoted exclusively to plants from the United States and its territorial possessions or flowering in the New York Botanical Garden or its conservatories.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Addison Brown at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Brown, Addison (1972). Judge Addison Brown: Autobiographical Notes for His Children. Boyce, Virginia: Carr Publishing Company, Inc.
  3. ^ a b "Addison Brown". Journal of the New York Botanical Garden. 14 (162): 119. June 1913.
  4. ^ IPNI.  A.Br.


External linksEdit

Legal offices
Preceded by
William Gardner Choate
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
Succeeded by
George Bethune Adams