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Adam Paine, or Adam Payne, (1843 – January 1, 1877) was a Black Seminole who served as a United States Army Indian Scout and received America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the Indian Wars of the western United States.

Adam Paine
DiedJanuary 1, 1877 (aged 33–34)
Place of burialSeminole Indian Scout Cemetery Brackettville, Texas
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1873 - 1875
UnitBlack Seminole Scouts, 24th Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Indian Wars
AwardsMedal of Honor



Paine enlisted in the Army at Fort Duncan, Texas in November 1873, and joined other Black Seminoles known as the "Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts". From September 26, to September 27, 1874, he was serving as a private in Texas at Blanco Canyon, a tributary of the Red River, where he participated in an engagement. Paine "[r]endered invaluable service to Col. R. S. Mackenzie, 4th U.S. Cavalry, during this engagement." A year later, on October 13, 1875, Private Paine was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Blanco Canyon.

Paine was shot to death on New Year's Day 1877 by a fellow Medal of Honor recipient, Claron A. Windus, deputy sheriff of Brackettville, Texas, who was attempting to arrest Paine as a murder suspect.[1][2] Paine died at age 33 or 34 and was buried at the Seminole Indian Scout Cemetery in Brackettville, Texas.

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Rank and organization: Private, Indian Scouts. Place and date: Canyon Blanco tributary of the Red River, Tex., 26-September 27, 1874. Entered service at: Fort Duncan, Texas. Birth: Florida. Date of issue: October 13, 1875.


Rendered invaluable service to Col. R. S. Mackenzie, 4th U.S. Cavalry, during this engagement.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Glasrud, ed., Bruce A. Brothers to the Buffalo Soldiers: Perspectives on the African American Militia and Volunteers, 1865–1917. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8262-1904-6. p. 192
  2. ^ Glasrud spells the subject's name as "Payne."
  3. ^ "Indian War Period Medal of Honor recipients". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. 2005-04-19. Retrieved 2007-01-15.


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