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Adam Stanisław Naruszewicz (Lithuanian: Adomas Naruševičius) (20 October 1733 – 8 July 1796) was a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman from an impoverished aristocratic family, poet, historian, dramatist, translator, publicist, Jesuit and titular Bishop of Smolensk (1775–1788 as suffragan bishop and 1788–1790 as full diocesan bishop) and bishop of Łuck (1790–1796). [1] His family had a small estate in Polesie, and he was educated at Pinsk.

Adam Stanisław Naruszewicz
Portrait by Mateusz Tokarski (1747-1807)
Coat of armsWadwicz Herb Wadwicz.jpg
Born20 October 1733
Lahišyn, Polesie
Died6 July 1796(1796-07-06) (aged 62)
Janów Podlaski

As a senator he participated in the Great Sejm. He taught at Warsaw Collegium Nobilum Societatis Jesu. After the suppression of the Jesuit Order in 1773, King Stanislaus arranged for him the bishop's seat. After Polish defeat in the Polish–Russian War of 1792 he withdrew from the political life and permanently settled in Janów Podlaski where he died in 1796.

Naruszewicz was the first modern historian who wrote a History of the Polish Nation. He used for the first time in a historical work the expression Piast dynasty for the Piast the Wheelwright and his descendants that ruled in Poland to 1370. Nevertheless, the term Piast dynasty was first used in the late 17th century[2] in the Silesian Piast mausoleum in Legnica.



  1. ^ "Adam Naruszewicz | Polish bishop and historian". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  2. ^ : Encyclopædia Britannica: Piast Dynasty

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