Adam Mickiewicz Monument, Lviv

The Adam Mickiewicz Monument, also known as the Adam Mickiewicz Column, (Polish: Kolumna Adama Mickiewicza we Lwowie, Ukrainian: Пам'ятник Адамові Міцкевичу), is a Neo-classical column commemorating the Polish Romantic poet Adam Mickiewicz (1798–1855) located at the Mickiewicz Square in the centre of Lviv, Ukraine, and opened in 1904.

Adam Mickiewicz Monument in Lviv
Ukraine-Lviv-Monument to Adam Mickiewicz-2.jpg
View of the Adam Mickiewicz Monument in Lviv, 2006
LocationLviv, Ukraine
DesignerAntoni Popiel
Typecolumn
Materialbronze, granite
Height21 meters (68 ft)
Opening date30 October, 1904
Dedicated toAdam Mickiewicz

HistoryEdit

In 1897, a committee headed by Władysław Łoziński and devoted to the construction of a monument in Lviv, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, dedicated to Romantic-era poet Adam Mickiewicz was established.[1] In 1898, a contest to design it was launched and, out of 28 projects, the jury selected the one designed by Polish sculptor Antoni Popiel. On the initiative of Adam Krechowiecki, it was agreed that the monument should take the form of a column. The monument was built between 1902-1904 and was officially unveiled on 30 October, 1904. It features the national poet of Poland Adam Mickiewicz at the foot of the column above whom there is a sculpture of a winged Genius of Poetry handing a lyre to the poet. A large candle light is located at the top of the 21-metre tall column.[2][3][4]

The monument was erected at the Mariacki Square (currently Mickiewicz Square) near the figure of Virgin Mary. The granite shaft of the column was transported from the Kingdom of Italy while the bronze elements were cast in Teodor Serpek's factory in Vienna. The figure of Adam Mickiewicz is 3.3 metres (10.8 ft) tall and the flame atop the candle light is gilded. The monument emerged completely unscathed after the Second World War.[5][6]

The column is one of the Polish national monuments which remained in Lviv after the war, unlike the John III Sobieski Monument or Aleksander Fredro Monument, which were transferred to Gdańsk and Wrocław respectively, based on an additional protocol to the 1944 agreement between the Polish Committee of National Liberation (Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego, PKWN) and the Ukrainian SSR signed in Kiev (1945), which allowed to hand over to the Polish government the national monuments in Lviv connected to Polish culture and history with the exception of the Adam Mickiewicz Monument which "enjoys great popularity and is loved by the Ukrainian nation".[7]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "PL. MICKIEWICZA – POMNIK ADAMA MICKIEWICZA". Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  2. ^ "Kolumna Mickiewicza we Lwowie". Archived from the original on 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  3. ^ "Lwowski pomnik Adama Mickiewicza". Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  4. ^ "Monumental Distortions – The Mickiewicz Column in Lviv". Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  5. ^ "Kolumna Mickiewicza we Lwowie". Archived from the original on 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  6. ^ "Pomnik Adama Mickiewicza we Lwowie. Na otwarcie przyjechał sam Mickiewicz!". Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  7. ^ "WROCŁAW I LWÓW BRATNIE MIASTA-CZ.IV POMNIK ALEKSANDRA FREDRY". Retrieved 2019-08-13.